ap us history quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Montgomery
Alabama
polis
a Greek city-state
Demography
the study of population
nationalism
national spirit or aspirations.
Pirates
Morocco, Algiers (Algeria), Tunis (Tunisia), Tripoli (Capital of ___)
Bolsheviks
Radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1903. Under Lenin's leadership, the Bolsheviks seized power in November 1917 during the Russian Revolution.
Traced through father's lineage
Define Partrilineal
Mauryan
Indian civilization known for its trade and its military
roanoke island
settlement in america-roanoke island -1584-first expedition to look around but then in 1854 captain phil pamadas and arthur barloue- 1585 john whiye(govenor of colony) will land on roanoke island
where did the neolithic revolution first occur
mesopatamia
The problems that Abraham lincoln experienced as president were less prostrating than those experienced by Jefferson Davis, partly because the North...
a. Had a long-established and fully recognized government
b. Had strong political support from Britain
a
Kangxi
Qing emperor (r. 1662-1722). He oversaw the greatest expansion of the Qing Empire.
13th Amendment
ratified 1865, permanently outlaws slavery in the territories
John Deere
United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)
Lincoln Steffens
Leading muckraking journalist who exposed political corruption in the cities; best known for his The Shame of Cities, he was also a regular contributor to McClure's magazine
Emiliano Zapata
Mexican revolutionist and military commander of peasent guerrilla movement centerized in Morelos; demanded sweeping land reform.
The inflammatory pamphlet that demanded independence and heaped scorn on "the Royal Brute of Great Britain."
Common Sense
(James B.) Weaver
Former Greenbacker; nominated by Populists for the 1892 election. Gained several states of electoral votes, primarily in the West.
Eugene Debs
Prominent socialist leader (and five time presidential candidate) who founded the American Railroad Union and led the 1894 Pullman Strike
John smith
captain; been kidnapped in 1607; whipped the gold hungry colonist into line; saved by poncahontas
Frantz Fanon
Earliest significant theorist of black identity - Justifies black revolution vs. white society on basis of Existentialism and Marxism
Copts
Christian sect of Egypt; tended to support Islamic invasions of this area in preference to Byzantine rule
Neo-Confucianism
term that describes the resurgence of confusianism and the influence of Confucian scholars during the Tang dynasty
Silent Majority
label nixon gave to middle-class americans who supported him, obeyed the laws, and wanted "peace with honor" in vietnam, he contrasted this group with students and civil rights activists who disrupted the country with protests in the late 1960s and early 1970s
Roscoe Conkling
Leader of Stalwart faction of Republican party
Zoroastrianism
One of the first widely followed monotheistic religions. Prominent in Babylonia.
Stone age
(archeology) the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements
monasticism
Living in a religious community apart from secular society and adhering to a rule stipulating chastity, obedience, and poverty. (Primary Centres of Learning in Medieval Europe) (261)
Carolingians
royal house of Franks after 8th century
Blaise Diagne
Senegalese political leader. He was the first African elected to the French National Assembly. During World War I, in exchange for promises to give French citizenship to Senegalese, he helped recruit Africans to serve in the French army. (809)
Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Lieutenant of Muhammad of Ghur; established kingdom in India with capital at Delphi; proclaimed himself Sultan of India. (p. 322)
mercantilist impulse
trying to accumulate wealth through trade
 
 
 
 
1109. Mandate system
 
 
 
A half-way system between outright imperial domination and independence, it was used to split Germany's empire after WW I.
marriage to Ferdinand united Spain
Isabella of Castile
revolution
an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
ugly American
Term referring to the stereotype of the US as a bad guy, originating from the period of imperialism under Roosevelt's "cowboy diplomacy."
Henry W. Grady
Editor of the Atlanta Constitution, exhorted the ex-Confederates to become Georgia Yankees
Brahmin
A member of the social class of priests in Aryan society
indigo
blue dye from plants used in the textile industry
Men who signed Treaty of Paris
Adams, Franklin, Jay
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Augustus Caesar
Name given to Octavian following his defeat of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra; first emperor of Rome.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
modern constitution- established a more democratically controlled government- written by Connecticut River settlers
Qing Dynasty
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu
Mikhail Romanov
Russian tsar (r. 1613-1645) A member of the Russian aristocracy, he became tsar after the old line of Muscovite rulers was deposed. (p. 551)
Cultural Revolution
Social revolution in China in the 1960s sponsored by Mao Zedong and intended to stifle criticism of government and maintain revolutionary zeal
Force Act
Passed after civil war - protected voting rights of blacks
victorian
of or pertaining to Queen Victoria or the period of her reign.
Indentured Servants
Africans that were captured by the Portuguese to work in the tobacco fields.
Irrigation Systems
Essential due to the Monsoon Winds, provide water during dry months. Arid land w/o rivers, and a large population led to mass efforts. Led to increases in agricultural productivity
250. Antifederalists
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states. After the ratification of the Constitution, the Antifederalists regrouped as the Democratic-Republican (or simply Republican) party.
Articles of Confederation
The first "constitution" governing the Untied States after the Revolution; it was ratified in 1781 and it provided for a "firm league of friendship;" the legislative branch (Congress) had no power to regulate commerce or forcibly collect taxes and there was no national executive or judicial branch; it was an important stepping-stone towards the present constitution because without it the states would never have consented to the Constitution.
Schechter v. US
this case declared the National Recovery Administration illegal
Homestead Act
gave 140 acres to anyone for free, campaign to settle the west
New France
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763.
773. National Labor Union
Established 1866, and headed by William Sylvis and Richard Trevellick, it concentrated on producer cooperation to achieve goals.
Quinoa
A species of goosefoot grown as a crop primarily for its edible seeds. Although it is technically not a grain it is treaded as such because of its baking characteristics
Pilgrims and Separatists
Arrived by the Mayflower in 1620; wanted to break away from the Church of England
Ahisma
What is the name of the Jain principal nonviolence?
Trans Saharan trade
route across the sahara desert. Major trade route that traded for gold and salt, created caravan routes, economic benefit for controlling dessert, camels played a huge role in the trading
Roman Republic
The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate. (p. 148)
Second Continental Congress
Convened in May 1775, the Congress opposed the drastic move toward complete independence from Britain. In an effort to reach a reconciliation, the Congress offered peace under the conditions that there be a cease-fire in Boston, that the Coercive Acts be repealed, and that negotiations begin immediately. King George III rejected the petition.
elizabeth cady stanton
A member of the women's right's movement in 1840. She was a mother of seven, and she shocked other feminists by advocating suffrage for women at the first Women's Right's Convention in Seneca, New York 1848. Stanton read a "Declaration of Sentiments" which declared "all men and women are created equal."
Kaiser Wilhelm
Who was the ruler of Germany in 1888?
1088. Creel Committee
Headed by George Creel, this committee was in charge of propaganda for WWI (1917-1919). He depicted the U.S. as a champion of justice and liberty.
Artistic Modernism
Modernism in art was a movement toward abstraction and nonrepresentational art. The European Impressionist painters initiated the idea of multiple ways of seeing and portraying impressions of the world. The cubist art style, a foundation of the mdoernist movement, was best represented by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, who rendered familiar objects in geometrical shapes.
15. He wrote How the Other Half Lives. He was a Danish immigrant who was appalled by the horrible living conditions for the poor. He used photographs to emphasize the living conditions of the urban poor
Jacob Riis
Explain how the Jesuit missionaries maintained their positions at the court of the Ming emperors.
Their scientific knowledge and technical skills were the keys to maintaining a prescence, astounding the scholar gentry and emperor
(Eugene V.) Debs
This man, hero of the Pullman Strike of 1894, ran under the Socialist party in the 1908 election and garnered 420,000 votes.
Susan B. Anthony
(1820 - 1906) was a prominent American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States
Persian Gulf War
a war fought between a coalition led by the United States and Iraq to free Kuwait from Iraqi invaders in 1990 and 1991
King George's War
1744 and 1748. England and Spain were in conflict with French. New England captured French Bastion at Louisburg on Cape Brenton Island. Had to abandon it once peace treaty ended conflict., Not until King Georges War did Britain take an active role in the defense of the colonies
new freedom
all trusts should be broken up and no social welfare legislation is necessary
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
After acquiring 60,000 people a region could contest for state-hood. It also got rid of slavery in the North-west.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Mexican priest who led the first stage of the Mexican independence war in 1810. He was captured and executed in 1811. (p. 625)
Hamilton's Economic Program
set on trying to restore debt of us. started by banks of us. started a whisky task. checked the us credit- kept the income more than outcome. first bank of us. tariff to protect american man- (if buy something from another country put tax so buy from American)
gulf of tonkin resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
1201. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
A federal agency which insures bank deposits, created by the Glass-Strengall Banking Reform Act of 1933.
Defined the steps for the creation and admission of new states.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Differences between French and British colonization
The British settled mainly along the coast, where they started farms, towns, and governments. As a general rule, whole families emigrated. The British colonies had little interaction with the local Indians (aside from occasional fighting). The French colonized the interior, where they controlled the fur trade. Most of the French immigrants were single men, and there were few towns and only loose governmental authority. The French lived closely with the Indians, trading with them for furs and sometimes taking Indian wives.
Great American Desert Myth
Belief that the prairie was made up of deserts and barren land befcause nothing grew
end of the Vietnam war
N attacks S, Nixon bombs the N, USA troops pull out, N attacks S by 1975 tanks are on the outskirts of Saigon, no one likes the pull out negotiations, SV surrendered, Vietnam is communist. 2.7 million served with no thanks
577. Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond, Virginia
An iron mill in Richmond. It was run by skilled slave labor and was among the best iron foundry in the nation. It kept the Confederacy alive until 1863 as its only supplier of cannons. It was also the major munitions supplier of the South and was directly responsible for the capitol of the Confederacy being moved to Richmond.
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