AP US History Terms Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
profitable (B.205)
Harding's home state
Dorthea Dix
established mental hospitals
In Chinese belief, complementary factors that help to maintain the equilibrium of the world. Yin is associated with masculine, light, and active qualities; yang with feminine, dark, and passive qualities. (p. 63)
Intolerable Acts; Continental Congress convenes; Thomas Jefferson's A Summary View of the Rights of British America
A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics. (pp. 468, 574)
Jay's Treaty- popular or unpopular?
Progressive Republicans
aka National Republican Progressive League led by Robert M. La Follette, under (WW)
(Heb. 'anointed') Savior or redeemer. Specifically, the Messiah was the descendant of King David expected by the Jews of ancient times to become their king, free them from foreign bondage, and rule over them in a golden age of glory, peace, and righteousness.
In his Farewell Address, President Washington gave which of the following advice?
A) Avoid making treaties with other nations.
B) Maintain at least two independent and strong political parties.
C) Avoid permanent entangling alliances.
D) It is better to err on the side of freedom for individuals than on the side of excessive power for the government.
E) Encourage the growth of political parties.
soviet satellite launched in September 1957; the launch set off a panic that the Communists were winning the space race and were superior in math and science education. It gave impetus for the Nation Defense Education Act of 1958 to improve schools
Henry Cabot Lodge led Republican senators in refusing to ratify the Treaty of Versailles without changes to in the articles creating the League of Nations, because the treaty seemed to give the League too much power.
A group of Turkic-speakers who controlled their own centralized empire from 744 to 840 in Mongolia and Central Asia. (p. 284)
What city, influenced heavily by Constantinople, was most important in the early rise of Russia?
The Liberator
A radical abolitionist newspaper edited by William Lloyd Garrison. (Please note, Garrison was also a supporter of women's rights)
Washington Irving
published Kinckerbockers History of New York 1809 (caricatures of Dutch)
Sketch book (1820) had american and British themes
mid 19th century, Anti-immigrant party headed by former President Fillmore that competed with Republicans and Democrats in the election of 1856
Egyptian New Kingdom
When Egypt reached its height
Deng Xiaoping
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong. (p. 862)
Whites born in the New World; dominated local latin american economies
the process by which the Latin language and Roman culture became dominant in the western provinces of the Roman Empire. it brought political and economic advantages as well as the allure of Roman success.
Leader of the Netherlands
William III of England
Seneca Falls Convention
Kicked off the equal-rights-for-women campaign led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (1848)
the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
Kublai Khan
Who consolidated Mongols rule in China?
The removal of trees faster than forests can replace themselves.
cottage industries
Weaving, sewing, carving, and other small-scale industries that can be done in the home. The laborers, frequently women, are usually independent. (p. 353)
sacred texts in the Hindu religion, they are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests
Popular Front
Combination of Socialist and Communist political parties in France; won election in 1936; unable to take strong of social reform because of continuing strength of conservatives; fell from power in 1938
Peloponnesian War
Conflict between Athenian And Spartan Alliances. The war was largely a consequence of Athenian imperialism. Possession of a naval empire allowed Athens to fight a war of attrition. Ultimately, Sparta prevailed because of Athenian errors/Persian $$$
Shays' Rebellion
This conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes.
one of the most revered religious shrines in the pre islamic Arabia
Benjamin Harrison
Republican who campaigned for high tariffs and won the election of 1888.-lost the popular vote but won the elctoral vote.
New Jersey
Colony granted to friends of King.
Alexander Hamilton
Hamilton emerged as a major political figure during the debate over the Constitution, as the outspoken leader of the Federalists and one of the authors of the Federalist Papers. Later, as secretary of treasury under Washington, Alexander Hamilton spearheaded the government's Federalist initiatives, most notably through the creation of the Bank of the United States.
gupta empire
Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
Roe v Wade
Legalized abortion. Supreme court case in which a texas woman's right to have an abortion was upheld.
napoleon bonaparte
general; Emperor of France; he seized power in a coup d'état in 1799; he led French armies in conquering much of Europe, placing his relatives in positions of power. Defeated at the Battle of Waterloo, he was exiled on the island of Elba
Western Front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other. (p. 757)
One reason that the British did not try to break the Union blockade of the South during the Civil War was that...
a. They feared losing Northern grain shipments
b. They did not want to fight against the superior American navy
c. The British upper class ha
The theory advanced by John Calhoun in response to the Tariff of 1828 (the Tariff of Abominations); states, acting through a popular convention, could declare a law passed by Congress "null and void"; the roots of the idea
go back to Jefferson and Madison's compact theory of
government and are originally spelled out in the
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
caste system
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy
Stephen A. Douglas
Democratic senator from Illinois who managed the Compromise of 1850. Champion of "popular sovereignty" throughout the 1850s; engaged in a famous series of debates with Abraham Lincoln over Senate seats in 1858.
Thomas Hooker
Clergyman, one of the founders of Hartford. Called "the father of American democracy" because he said that people have a right to choose their magistrates.
National Recovery Administration
FDR's administration, directed by Hugh S. Johnson, had minimum wage, work, and price restrictions, Section 7(a) granted the right to form unions, NRA declared unconstitutional by Supreme Court 7: 1934-1941
Abigail Adams
the wife of second president John Adams. She attempted to get rights for the "Ladies" from her husband who at the time was on the committee for designing the Declaration of Independence.

Non-Intercourse Act
suspended trade with only France and England until one of them would "revoke or modify her edicts, as that they shall cease to violate the neutral commerce of the United States."
Benedict Arnold
The general who almost succeeded in capturing Canada and making it the fourteenth colony
of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred; temporal:
San Francisco Board of Education
Roosevelt invited this administrative body to meet with him in the White House to resolve the Japanese school incident in California.
ten percent plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government afetr ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
825. Rev. Josiah Strong
Enivisioned a "final competition of races," in which the Anglo-Saxons would emerge victorious.
100. Town meetings
A purely democratic form of government common in the colonies, and the most prevalent form of local government in New England. In general, the town's voting population would meet once a year to elect officers, levy taxes, and pass laws.
Emancipation Proclamation
(AL) , Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Treaty of Tordesillas
June 7, 1494, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe into an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands (off the west coast of Africa).
John Brown's Plan
planned to invade South, call upon slaves to rise, and establish a free black state; he seized federal arsenal, however he was caught and hung.
Chandra gupta I
This emperor came to power peacefully in about AD 320 and his empire was called the Gupta Empire.
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
Dr. Francis Townsend
an American physician who was best known for his revolving old-age pension proposal during the Great Depression. Known as the "Townsend Plan," this proposal influenced the establishment of the Roosevelt administration's Social Security system.
Totalitarian State
New kind of government in 20th century that excercised massive, direct control over virtually all the activities of its subjects; exisred in Germany, Italy, and Soviet Union.
443. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)
Essayist, poet. A leading transcendentalist, emphasizing freedom and self-reliance in essays which still make him a force today. He had an international reputation as a first-rate poet. He spoke and wrote many works on the behalf of the Abolitionists.
War for Independence
Another name for the Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
Peter Catwright/ Charles Finney
They were both influential members of the Second Great Awakening. Peter was an uneducated Methodist who converted thousands of souls with his powerful speeches. Charles was a former lawyer who became and evangelist and held huge crowd spellbound with his powerful message, and led massive revivals in New York with his brand of old-time-religion. Both of these men were key contributors to the second Great Awakening with their distinct methods of rallying people for religious revival. They were two of many important members of the religious movement and influenced many to change their lives.
Battle of Tours
The 732 battle that halted the advance of Muslim armies into Europe at a point in northern France
Charles G. Finney
urged people to abandon sin and lead good lives in dramatic sermons at religious revivals
Albany Plan for Union
a proposal by Benjamin Franklin early attempt at forming a union of the colonies "under one government as far as might be necessary for defense and other general important purposes" during the French and Indian War
Edenton Ladies Tea Party
a meeting of prominent North Catolina women who pledged formally to work for the public good and to support resistance to British measures; part of women's effort in promoting non-consumption of tea
Compromise of 1877
South to gain removal of last troops from Reconstruction; North wins Hayes as president
459. Charles G. Finney (1792-1875)
An immensely successful revivalist of the 1800's. He helped establish the "Oberlin Theology". His emphasis on "disinterested benevolence" helped shape the main charitable enterprises of the time.
Who was not attacked by germany?
russia, britain, sweden, and spain
Seven Years War (French and Indian)
Fought between Great Britain and France over territory, often considered to be the first world war because it involved most of the globe.
Bland Allison Act*****
(RBH) 1878 , 1878 law passed over the veto of President Rutherford B. Hayes requiring the U.S. treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars. The goal was to subsidize the silver industry in the Mountain states and inflate prices, no less than $2 million and no more than $4 million
Shermans March to the Sea
Helps Lincoln get re-elected, also the burning and capturing of Atlanta
1423. Civil Rights Act, 1957
Created by the U.S. Commission of Civil Rights and the Civil Rights division of the Justice Department.
Why was Darwin's On the Origin of the Species controversial?
Went against the Bible
John Rolfe and Pocahontas
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony. married an Indian cheif's daughter.
National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act (1935)
this act guaranteed worker's right to join a union and a union's right to bargain collectively; outlawed business practices that were unfair to labor; the Board made sure worker's rights were protected
113. Albany Plan of Union, Benjamin Franklin
During the French and Indian War, Franklin wrote this proposal for a unified colonial government, which would operate under the authority of the British government.
Why did free-soilers drop the Liberty Party's focus on the sinfulness of slavery and the natural rights of African Americans?
They found slavery as a threat to republican institutions and yeoman farming
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