AP US History Vocab I.D Flashcards

Terms Definitions
inferior, submissive
first indian leader
Glorious Revolution in England
southern states (especially South Carolina) believed they had a right to judge federal laws unconstitutional and therefore not enforce them
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others. (133)
Election of 1872
Ulysses S. Grant
brazilian economy was
revooutionized by coffee
nonaligned Nations
Developing countries that announced their neutrality in the Cold War. (p. 846)
The presentation of formal charges against a public official by the lower house, trial to be before the upper house.
Islamic month of religious observance requiring fasting from dawn to sunset
1961-1963, Democrat, both parties had the platform of civil rights planks and a national health program, used president to be elected and first Roman Catholic
lowest caste in Indian society; performed tasks considered polluting
capital of Tamerlane's empire; most central point on the Silk Road between Europe and Asia
baker and smith
famous singers and entertainers
New types of literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in New England - middle 1800s - Ralph Waldo Emmerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Margret Fuller
The Portuguese thought the Atlantic Ocean was the perfect location to cultivate this crop
Zachary Taylor
Twelfth President
- Famous general in Mexican War
- Whig President
- Opposed the spread of slavery
- Encouraged territories to organize and seek admission directly a states to avoid the issue of slavery.
- Died suddenly in1850; replaced by Millard Fillmore
Bracero program
brought in Mexicans for temporary jobs, concentrated in southern CA, given extremely poor working conditions
The technique of enhancing immunity by exposing patients to dried mucous taken from those already infected. (p. 559)
A region of city-states in Mesopotamia that was home to the first civilization.
Kamakura Shogunate
The first of Japan's decentralized military governments. (1185-1333).
The division of power between the national and state governments
Fair Deal
President Truman's program of social reform, mostly didn't pass
first settlement in Virginia by the English
made up 7% of colonies' population; Scot Lowlanders who had been transplanted to Catholic Ireland where they were resented (they were Presbyterian); restrictions from England on production of wool (economically depressed); came to Pennsylvania but were pushed out to the frontier; poor relations with Indians and British government; spearheaded March of Paxton Boys and Regulator Movement
Members of a mainly Hindu warrior caste from northwest India. The Mughal emperors drew most of their Hindu officials from this caste, and Akbar I married a Rajput princess.
the use of wit, especially irony, sarcasm, and ridicule, to criticize faults
Ex: Erasmus, one of the most well-known learned men of the time, counseled kongs and popes. He wrote In Praise of Folly, which satirized what he thought were the most foolish political moves to date. (C.179)
per capita tax on non-Muslim adult males to freely worship
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa. (p. 425)
War Hawks
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain. They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
New antitrust legislation constructed to remedy deficiencies of the Sherman Antitrust Act, namely, it's effectiveness against labor unions
Great Society, LBJfor the elderly and their medical bills, had previously been ignored
Bessemer Process
Bessemer invented a process for removing air pockets from iron, and thus allowed steel to be made. This made skyscrapers possible, advances in shipbuilding, construction, etc.
the quality or state of being sovereign.
A form of energy used in telegraphy from the 1840s on and for lighting, industrial motors, and railroads beginning in the 1880s. (p. 702)
a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy
Pullman's Strike
Bitter labor conflict in Chicago that brought federal intervention and the jailing of union leader Eugene V. Debs.
15th ammendment
the 15th amendment forbade the states and the federal gov't to deny suffrage to any citizen on account of "race, color, or previou condition on servitude."
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
a single vital or social statistic of human population
Crime of 1873
Many Americans believed this came about because big bankers demonetized silver; this caused Congress to officially discontinue the silver coinage, but once market prices fell again, this proved to be detrimental. Silver miners and farmers especially wanted to undo this event
Self Determination
The ability of a government to determine their own course by their own free will; a major one of Wilson's Fourteen Points
The period of the Stone Age associated with the ancient Agricultural Revolution. It follows the Paleolithic period.
African kingdom on the Gold Coast that expanded rapidly after 1680. Asante participated in the Atlantic economy, trading gold, slaves, and ivory. It resisted British imperial ambitions for a quarter century before being absorbed into Britain. 1902 (736)
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Quartering Act
March 24, 1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
Land between two rivers. One of 1st river valley civilizations. It was in present day Iraq. Cuneiform began there.
Charles Wilson Peale
The colonial painter (1741-1827) best known for his portraits of George Washington who also ran a museum for stuffed birds and practiced dentistry.
Boer Republics
Transvaal and Orange Free State in southern Africa; established to assert independence of Boers from B colonial government in Cape Colony in the 1850's; discovery of diamonds and precious metals caused British migration into Boer areas in 1860's
A term for Irish Catholic peasants who murdered Protestant landlords. It was used to describe the followers of Charles II and became one of the names of the two major political parties in England.
An English law in colonial times that said only the eldest son of the parents could inherit a landed estate. This left the wealthy but landless younger sons to seek their fortune elsewhere. Many of the younger sons went to the New World, and they included Gilbert, Raleigh, and Drake.
Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770; 60 townspeople attacked British troops, 11 townspeople killed/wounded
Freeport Doctrine
Douglas was able to reconcile the Dred Scott Decision with popular sovereignty; voters would be able to exclude slavery by not allowing laws that treated slaves as property
Meji Restoration
the period after the collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate in which Japan centralized, imperialized, and industrialized
1536. White House "Plumbers"
Name given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public and press.
Mandate of Heaven
The concept developed by the Zhou dynasty that the deity granted a dynasty the right to rule and took away that right if the dynasty did not rule wisely
1952 Steel Strike
strike by the United Steelworkers of America against U.S. Steel and nine other steelmakers. The strike was scheduled to begin on April 9, 1952, but President Harry S. Truman nationalized the American steel industry hours before the workers walked out. The steel companies sued to regain control of their facilities. On June 2, 1952, in a landmark decision, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (1952), that the president lacked the authority to seize the steel mills. The Steelworkers struck to win a wage increase. The strike lasted 53 days, and ended on July 24, 1952, on essentially the same terms the union had proposed four months earlier.
Li Tai-Po
Chinese poet living in Tang Dynasty . He is best known for the extravagant imagination and striking Taoist imagery in his poetry, as well as for his great love for liquor. He is said to have drowned in the Yangtze River, having fallen from his boat while drunkenly trying to embrace (the reflection of) the moon
Dred Scott case
Declared that slaves were property and that no black person could ever be a US citizen. They couldn't sue federal courts, as Scott had done. Also, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Congress couldn't regulate slavery in the territories, thus nullifying the Missouri Compromise and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Virginia Resolves
May 30, 1765 - Patrick Henry's speech which condemned the British government for its taxes and other policies. He proposed 7 "resolves" to show Virginia's resisitence to the British policies, 5 of which were adopted by the Virginia legislature. 8 other colonies followed suit and had adopted similar resolves by the end of 1765.
The indian work which deals with a dialogue between the warrior Arjuna and his charioteer Krishana is the
Bhagavad Gita
the sherman anti trust act of 1890 declared illegal any contract, trust, or restraint of trade in
interstate commerce
391. Interchangeable parts
1799-1800 - Eli Whitney developed a manufacturing system which uses standardized parts which are all identical and thus, interchangeable. Before this, each part of a given device had been designed only for that one device; if a single piece of the device broke, it was difficult or impossible to replace. With standardized parts, it was easy to get a replacement part from the manufacturer. Whitney first put used standardized parts to make muskets for the U.S. government.
Convention of 1800
Treaty signed in Paris that ended France's peacetime military alliance with America. Napolean was eager to sign this treaty so he could focus his attention on conquering Europe and perhaps create a New World empire in Lousiana. This ended the "quasi-war" between France and America.
an Arab of the desert, in Asia or Africa; nomadic Arab.
How did Hongwu rebuild China?
Lowered taxes, more agriculture and trade
Dewitt Clinton
Dug the Erie Canal in NY. Governor of NY
People's Republic of China
China's name after Mao Zedong took over
Mauryan Empire
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E. From its capital at Pataliputra in the Ganges Valley it grew wealthy from taxes. (184)
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
(1831) The Cherokees argued that they were a seperate nation and therefore not under Georgia's jurisdiction. Marshall said they were not, but rather had "special status"
William E. Borah
- prominent attorney- senator & put up against "Big Bill" Haywood- sponsored bills that est Department of Labor & the Children's Buruea
188. John Paul Jones (1747-1792)
Revolutionary War naval officer. His ship, the Bonhomme Richard, was sunk in a battle with the British ship Serapis, but he managed to board and gain control of the Serapis.
Quarantine Speech*
(FDR) 1937, , The speech was an act of condemnation of Japan's invasion of China in 1937 and called for Japan to be quarantined. FDR backed off the aggressive stance after criticism, but it showed that he was moving the country slowly out of isolationism.
89. Petition of Right, 1628
A document drawn up by Parliament's House of Commons listing grievances against King Charles I and extending Parliament's powers while limiting the king's. It gave Parliament authority over taxation, declared that free citizens could not be arrested without cause, declared that soldiers could not be quartered in private homes without compensation, and said that martial law cannot be declared during peacetime.
The Promise of American Life
This book by Herbert Croly contained many of the ideas that Roosevelt preached in his Bull Moose campaign, under his New Nationalism creed.
219. Constitution - Executive branch
One of the three branches of government, the executive enforces laws. It is headed by the president, who has the power to veto legislation passed by Congress.
How did abolitionists feel free blacks could secure "respectability"?
through education, temperance, moral discipline and hard work
first protective tariff resulted from
embargo act, end of war of 1812, lowell mills, and british price cuts
According to Islamic belief
Allah sent not his first but his final message through Muhammad.
Which of the following reflects a significant similarity between Japan and Russia during the period of industrialization prior to 1914?
Both Japan and Russia had prior experience of imitation , Japan imitated China, and Russia imitated Byzantium and the West
1. custom duties (tariffs)2. excise (sales tax)
Two ways our new nation raised money
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