AP US History Vocab I.D 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Islamic schools
head football coach
Horace Mann
starts common schools
Fort established ca.1619 as headquarters of Dutch East India Company operations in Indonesia; today the city of Jakarta. (p. 543)
The Wilmot Proviso...
a. Symbolized the burning issue of slavery in the territories
b. Gained House and Senate approval in 1846
c. Settled once and for all the issue of slavery in California
d. Allowed slavery in the territory taken from Mexico in 1848
Nongovernmental Organizations
Nonprofit international organizations devoted to investigating human rights abuses and providing humanitarian relief. Two NGOs won the Nobel Peace Prize in the 1990s: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (1997) and Doctors Without Borders (1999). (p. 8
Pickney's Treaty- popular or unpopular?
Grover Cleveland
1885-1889, Democrat, "Grover the Good", issue - civil service reform, tariff, monopolies, against Blaine "The Plummed Knight"
Americans secured this remote Pacific island from Spain after the war over Cuba. Americans had captured it earlier, before the residents even knew that there was a war going on.
The "grandfather clause" is most similar in purpose and principle to the
A) "Jim Crow" laws.
B) liberty laws.
C) Fourteenth Amendment.
D) poll tax.
E) gag rule.
name given the economic condition throughout most of the 1970s in which prices rose rapidly (inflation) but without economic growth (stagflation). Unemployment rose along with inflation. In large part, these conditions were the economic consequences of rising oil prices
*G. Flaubert
Great French novelist. Madame Bovary
popular culture
Entertainment spread by mass communications and enjoying wide appeal. (p. 897)
city-states that developed in northern Nigeria; Ile-Ife had an artistic style similar to that of the Nok culture. ag society supported by peasantry; dominated by an aristocracy
the greatest of the achaemenid emperors was
Nathaniel Greene
quaker-reared tactitian, used strategy of delay to exhaust British in Carolina
late 20th century, limited anti-ballistic missile systems
Benjamin Franklin
believed in deism, owned printing press, opened library, made scientific discoveries. was a politian. did everything
In Indian tradition, the residue of deeds performed in past and present lives that adheres to a 'spirit' and determines what form it will assume in its next life cycle. Used in India to make people happy with their lot in life (177)
an intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on education and the classics
code of behavior emphisizing care for women and personal honor
William Pitt
prime minister. fired old generals. used all British supplies for war
Pontiac's Rebellion
A 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area
practiced in China from 400 B.C. onward, is a social and political philosophy which maintains that when people live up to their social obligations, society will be orderly and predictable. Focuses on HUMANITY, KINDNESS, COURTESY RESPECT, DEFERENCE TO ELDERS, AND FILIAL PIETY.
Who was anglican minister who attracted thousands to his sermons?
George Whitefield
Deng Xiaoping
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976.
Ferdinand Magellan
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world. (p. 431)
Gregory I
(Roman Catholic Church) a pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership
based in china. Founded by Lao-tzu. The Dao is "the way" of nature, or "the way" one should behave. it is passive. the ultimate goal is to achieve harmony with nature. the counterbalanced active chinese confucianism. but it was still able to coexist with confucianism, bhuddism, and legalism.
The more extreme Puritans who believed every congregation ought to be autonomous, a law unto itself controlled by neither bishops nor Presbyterian assemblies.
Vertical integration
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
Benito Mussolini
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
Herbert Hoover
Republican, ran against Al Smith.
won by a landslide
was later blamed for the Great Depression
Roger Williams
He was banished from the Massachussetts Bay Colony for challenging Puritan ideas (he advocated separation of church and state). He later established Rhode Island and helped it to foster religious toleration.
King of the Franks (r. 768-814); emperor (r. 800-814). Through a series of military conquests he established the Carolingian Empire, which encompassed all of Gaul and parts of Germany and Italy. Illiterate, though started an intellectual revival. (250)
Pullman Strike
1894 - nonviolent strike (brought down the railway system in most of the West) at the Pullman Palace Car Co. over wages - Prez. Cleveland shut it down because it was interfering with mail delivery
han wudi
a Chinese emperor; after Zhang Qian came back from his expedition, Zhang suggests trade relations between China and Bactria through India, and Han thought that was a fantabulous idea; China imposed political and military control over vast territories and promoted trade
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
henry knox
In 1775 George Washington ordered him, the nation's first secretary of war, to bring the British artillery back to the siege of Boston that was captured at Fort Ticonderoga.
Stanley, Henry Morton (1841-1904)
British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. Stanley helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State. (p. 732)
The situation in Kansas in the mid 1850s indicated the impracticality of ________ in the territories.
a. abolition
b. free soil
c. popular sovereignty
d. slavery
e. cotton growing
Corrupt bargain
Refers to the claim from the supporters of Andrew Jackson that John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay had worked out a deal to ensure that Adams was elected President by the House of Representatives in 1824.
Byzantine Empire
Eastern portion of the Roman Empire from the fourth century and onward
the earliest forms of writing in which pictures represent words or ideas
tribute system
A system in which defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods and labor. This forced transfer of food, cloth, and other goods subsidized the development of large cities. An important component of the Aztec and Inca economies. (p. 307)
the family that ruled the Franks in Gaul from 751 to 987 in the Carolingian Dynasty. This began when Pepin was declared king. They lost power after the Treaty of Verdun.
Winfield Scott
Commander of the campaign to capture Mexico City during the Mexican War. After an amphibious landing at Veracruz, his army marched overland and captured Mexico City in September 1847.
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
both Hoover and FDR were against dole, charity for no reason, and supported relief, causing men and women to work for government funds 7: 1934-1941
Great Trek
Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal.
Henry Cabot Lodge
an intelligent Senator who was Wilson's greatest enemy
The amount of the population which the Patriots made up
an official list or table showing the duties or customs imposed by a government on imports or exports.
Turks who had come to Anatolia in the same wave of migrations as the Seljuks. (344)
northwest ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
128. Currency Act, 1764
British legislation which banned the production of paper money in the colonies in an effort to combat the inflation caused by Virginia's decision to get itself out of debt by issuing more paper money.
Taj Mahal
Most famous of the Mughal monuments in Mughal India built by Shah Jahan that blended central Asian architecture and a little Hindu architecture;Mumtaz Mahal
Federal Trade Commission
(WW) 1914 , A government agency established in 1914 to prevent unfair business practices and help maintain a competitive economy, support antitrust suits
Indus River
river sources in Himalayas to mouth in Arabian Sea; location of Harappan civilization
he questioned the spiritual cost of the market revolution
thoreau in walden
Mauryan Empire
A civilization in India run by an emperor during 321-185 B.C.
Alexander the Great
king of Mcedonia who conquered Geece, Persia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley; his conquests spread Greek culture throughout parts of 3 continents
John Hay
In August 1898, Hay was named by President McKinley as Secretary of State and helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris of 1898, which ended the Spanish-American War. Hay continued serving as Secretary of State after Theodore Roosevelt succeeded McKinley, serving until his own death in 1905. He established the open door policy in China.
Space Race (Sputnik)
Red Scare/Cold War. Sputnik was the first satelite that was sent into space by Russia. After this there was a race to see who could get into space first
738. "Credit Mobilier"
A construction company owned by the larger stockholders of the Union Pacific Railroad. After Union Pacific received the government contract to build the transcontinental railraod, it "hired" Credit Mobilier to do the actual construction, charging the federal government nearly twice the actual cost of the project. When the scheme was discovered, the company tried to bribe Congress with gifts of stock to stop the investigation. This percipitated the biggest bribery scandal in U.S. history, and led to greater public awareness of government corruption.
Privy Council
The name for the king's group of advisors
Neal Dow/Main Laws
Dow was a blue-nosed reformer who was considered the "Father of Prohibition" who had experienced the negative effects of alcohol first hand. He sponsored the Maine Law, which prohibited the manufacture and sale of intoxicating alcohol. Dow was one of many foes of the Demon Drink, and one who believed the temptation should be removed altogether. His strong stand on the subject convinced other states in the North to follow the Maine Law.
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 treaty in which the pope divided unexplored territories between Spain and Portugal
Burned-Over District
This is a term that refers to western New York. The term came at a time when revivals were rampant. Puritan sermonizers were preaching "hell-fire and damnation." Mormons. A religion, newly established by Joseph Smith, who claimed to have had a revelation from angel. The Mormons faced much persecution from the people and were eventually forced to move west. (Salt Lake City) After the difficult journey they greatly improved their land through wise forms of irrigation.
The Beat Generation
a group of American writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, as well as the cultural phenomena that they wrote about. Central elements of "Beat" culture include a rejection of mainstream American values, experimentation with drugs and alternate forms of sexuality, and an interest in Eastern spirituality. (the 1950's)
Heliocentric Theory
the idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun (Galileo and Copernicus)
Demographic Transition
The change from a high birth rate and high infant mortality to low rates, as in western Europe and U.S. in late 19th century. (p. 345)
677. Chief Justice Chase
Chief Justice in 1868, he upheld Republican Reconstruction laws and ruled that paper money was not a legal substitute for specie.
______developed a therory of communism, with the chinese peasants, rather the workers, as teh backbone of soceity. He led teh communist party. By 1927, China was engaged in a vivil war between the communists and the ______, or guomindang, led by______. Th
Mao z?edong; nationalists; Chiang Kai Shek; long march; Japanese
Writs of Assistance
It was part of the Townshend Acts. It said that the customs officers could inspect a ship's cargo without giving a reason. Colonists protested that the Writs violated their rights as British citizens.
Andrew Jackson's Party
VP - Calhoun, Buren SS - Buren, John Forsyth
General Incorporation Law
This was a law created to greatly help in "building" capitalism. It stated that businesspeople could create a corporation if they complied with the terms of the law. It was a great boost to capitalism. It was signed in New York in 1848 to save businesspeople the need to apply for characters form the legislature.
1422. Little Rock, Arkansas Crisis
1957 - Governor Faubus sent the Arkansas National Guard to prevent nine Black students from entering Little Rock Central High School. Eisenhower sent in U.S. paratroopers to ensure the students could attend class.
The Jewel in the Crown
India was considered the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
Second Battle of Bull Run
Lee threw back the Union assault and routed Pope's army which retreated to Washingtoin.
How did the planter-merchant elite appease the lower social orders in Virginia?
They appeased the lower social orders by cutting their taxes and supporting the expansion of settlement into Indian lands.
492. Supreme Court: Marbury v. Madison
1803 - The case arose out of Jefferson’s refusal to deliver the commissions to the judges appointed by Adams’ Midnight Appointments. One of the appointees, Marbury, sued the Sect. of State, Madison, to obtain his commission. The Supreme Court held that Madison need not deliver the commissions because the Congressional act that had created the new judgships violated the judiciary provisions of the Constitution, and was therefore unconstitutional and void. This case established the Supreme Court's right to judicial review. Chief Justice John Marshall presided.
How was the community in Oneida, New York able to survive financially?
The inventorof a steel animal trap joined the community, and they sold silverware
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