AP World Descent into the Abyss: World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Governments entrusted to European nations in the Middle East in the aftermath of World War I; Britain occupied these in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Palestine after 1922.
Triple Alliance
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Morley-Minto Reforms
Provided educated Indians with considerably expanded opportunities to elect and serve on local and all-India legislative councils.
Wafd Party
Egyptian nationalist party that emerged after an Egyptian delegation was refused a hearing at the Versailles treaty negotiations following World War I; led by Sa'd Zaghlul; negotiations eventually led to limited Egyptian independence beginning in 1922.
Gavriel Princip
The Serbian nationalist who assassinated Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, his actions that were enforced by the Black Hand led directly to WWI
Class of prosperous business and professional urban families in khedival Egypt; as a class generally favored Egyptian independence.
Administrative center of the Bosnian province of Austrian Empire; assassination there of Arch-duke Ferdinand in 1914 started World War I
Georges Clemenceau
French prime minister; nickname "the Tiger" wanted to punish germany a lot by dramatically reducing its military army and letting French troops occupy the Rhineland until Germany had paid lots of reparations.
League of Nations
International diplomatic and peace organization created in the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I; one of the chief goals of President Woodrow Wilson of the United States in the peace negotiations; the United States was never a member
Triple Entente
Alliance among Britain, Russia, and France at the outset of the 20th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
A battleship with increased speed and power over conventional warships, developed by both Germany and Great Britain to increase their naval arsenals. Carried 10 300mm guns mounted in 5 turrets.
Balfour Declaration
Statement issued by Britain's Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour in 1917 favoring the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
Sa'd Zaghlul
Leader of Egypts nationalist Wafd party; their negotiations w/ British led to limited Egyptian indep. in 1922, however British gov't told him to stop and was eventually exiled.
Rowlatt Act
Placed severe restrictions on key Indian civil rights such as freedom of the press; acted to offset the concessions granted under Montagu-Chelmsford reforms of 1919, Allowed the British ruling government to jail any protester without trial for a maximum of two years.
Lord Cromer
British proconsul in khedival Egypt; pushed for economic reforms that reduced but failed to eliminate the debts of the khedival regime.
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
A poet. He was India's first Nobel laureate(1913). Spokesman for Moral concerns of his age; set to music India's first national anthem; life mission was to promote pride in a national Indian consciousness in the face of British domination
The German term for the Treaty of Versailles which they were forced to sign without being allowed to negotiate any of the details. This was an important factor in the anti-Versailles resentment of later years.
Eastern Front
Most mobile of the fronts established during World War I; lacked trench warfare because of length of front extending from the Baltic to southern Russia; after early successes, military defeats led to downfall of the tsarist government in Russia.
Also known as Mustafa Kemal; leader of Turkish republic formed in 1923; reformed Turkish nation using Western models
Alfred Dreyfus
French Jew falsely accused of passing military secrets to the Germans; his mistreatment and exile to Devil's Island provided a flashpoint for the years of bitter debate between the left and right in France.
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister during World War I; he lead a coalition government that lasted during the war and the difficult years just after the conflict.
Mohandas Gandhi
Indian nationalist leader that led a sustained all-India campaign for independence from the British Empire after World War I; he stressed nonviolent but aggressive mass protests.
Woodrow Wilson
American President during the war, he pushed for the adoption of his 14 Points during the Paris Peace Conference.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne whose assassination set in motion the First World War.
National Congress Party
Grew out of regional associations of Western-educated Indians; originally centered in cities of Bombay, Poona, Calcutta, and Madras; became political party in 1885; focus of nationalist movement in India; governed through most of postcolonial period.
Lawrence of Arabia
British solider whose real name is T.E. Lawrence. He was sent to the Middle East to support Arab revolts against the Ottoman Empire during World War I.
Kemal Ataturk
Also known as Mustafa Kemal, he was the leader of the Turkish republic established in 1923. He reformed the nation through modernization and westernization.
The Schlieffen Plan
A plan given by Count Schlieffen in which the Germans invaded France using a wheel-like flanking procedure while the Russians mobilized. It was banking on the fact that Russia would take 6 weeks to mobilize. This plan failed because the Germans could not transport troops as well as their opposing forces who had a well-constructed train system.
/ 29

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online