AP World History 111 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
painted Mercury
mesopotamian temple complexes
founder of Judaism
Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru
Portuguese factory established in 1520s south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola.
surinam maroons
descendants of runaway slaves
Date: Sepoy Mutiny (Hint: 1__7)
Ottoman infantry division, forcibly conscripted as young boys, bacame military slaves, used military strength to influence politics, inhibited Ottoman reform
Location of greatest deposit of mercury in South America; aided in American silver production; linked with Potosí.
Islamic Law; defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritance
governor of an Achaemenid Persian Empire province, often a king's relative. Responsible for the protection of the province and forwarding tribute to the central administration. The ones in outlying provinces enjoyed autonomy. They sometimes overcharged people for taxes.
city-state form of government typical of Greek political organization from 800 to 400 B.C.E.
Railroad Revolution
Brought fast, reliable, cheap transportation with the locomotive
The doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam.
to bring under control, conquer, enslave
Height of Kingdom of Ghana
9th Century
Persian War
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (Darius, Xerxes); Greece won which was the first setback for Persian arms launched the Greeks into their period of greatest cultural productivity
mughal empire
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. (p. 536)
Cosmic diagrams of the Hindu natural and spiritual world; Hindu temple complexes during the Gupta Empire were laid out in this fashion.
Yang Guifei
Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into royal administration led to revolt
Anglican Church
Form of Protestantism in England established by Henry VIII.
Silk Road
caravan routes connecting China and the Middle East across Central Asia and Iran
Good Neighbor Policy
Franklin Roosevelt described his foreign policy as that of a "good neighbor." The phrase came to be used to describe the U.S. attitude toward the countries of Latin America. Under Roosevelt's "Good Neighbor Policy," the U.S. took the lead in promoting good will among these nations. ,U.S. pledged that the U.S. would no longer intervene in the internal affairs of Latin American countries. This reversed Teddy Roosevelt's Big Stick Policy.
Sussex/Arabic Pledges
Germany pledged to stop submarine warfare after sinking of Lusitania
Court Packing
Roosevelt wants to choose multiple justices by adding seats
Ku Klux Klan
intimidated blacks and white Republican out of voting
Korean War
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
mystery religion
Can't participate in religion until you've undergone indoctrination and ritual of admission. In early Christianity, the training was called catechism and the ritual of admission into church was baptism.
Northwest Ordinance
The 1787 Northwest Ordinance defined the process by which new states could be admitted into the Union from the Northwest Territory. He ordinance forbade slavery in the territory but allowed citizens to vote on the legality of slavery once statehood had been established. The Northwest Ordinance was the most lasting measure of the national government under the Articles of Confederation
Kublai Khan
Who consolidated Mongols rule in China?
group of tribes from Manchuria (NE China) who defeated Ming Dynasty
What characteristic of the region beween the trigris and euphrates rivers made it ideal for the growth of civilization?
enriched soil
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Upton Sinclair
(TR) , muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Carey Act
(1894) distributed federal land to the states on the condition that it be irrigated and settled
Colonists reaction to the taxes
no taxation without representation
Gaspée Incident
In June, 1772, the British customs ship Gaspée ran around off the colonial coast. When the British went ashore for help, colonials boarded the ship and burned it. They were sent to Britain for trial. Colonial outrage led to the widespread formation of Committees of Correspondence.
a member of a Tungusic people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century and established a dynasty there
is to accuse a public official of misconduct in office. The Jeffersonians were angry about a ruling made by Chief Justice John Marshall. The House of Representatives attempted to impeach the unpopular Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase. Although there were enough votes in the House of Representatives, the Senate did not have enough. Since this attempt in 1804, there has been no serious attempt to impeach members of the Supreme Court.
Muhammad Ali
Won power struggle in Egypt following fall of Mamluks; established mastery of all Egypt by 1811; introduced effective army based on Western tactics and supply and a variety of other reforms; by 1830s was able to challenge Ottoman government in Contstantinople; died in 1848
Intolerable Act
Laws put on Mass. & rebellious colonies, like denying meetings and Quebec Act
A ruler who suppresses his or her religious designs for his or her kingdom in favor of political expediency. Examples: Elizabeth I (England), Henry IV (France).
Cuban Missile Crisis
A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba
Leonardo da Vinci
A well known Italian Renaissance artist, architect, musician, mathemetician, engineer, and scientist. Known for the Mona Lisa.
Scramble for Africa
frenzied quest for Empire European Imperialists went and took colonies
kept track of land, labor, taxes, and people
Free-Soil Party
drew from the existing Liberty Party and antislavery wings of the Whig and Democratic Parties. Endorsed the Wilmot Proviso. Its candidate was former president Martin Van Buren.
Open Door
U.S. policy towards China, product of U.S. Secretary of State John Hay, proposal to ensure equal economic access to Chinese market for all states
this was the name of andrew carnegies steel plant and company town
"racial health"
6 areas: infant mortality, child and adult immunizations, HIV/AIDS, CVD, Breast and cervical CA screening and mgt., diabetes complications
Macon Act
(JM), 1810, The Macon Bill stated that if either Britain or France agreed to observe the neutrality of the United States, the US would resume trading with that country and continue the embargo on the other. The French soon agreed to American demands.
Hernan Cortes
Led expedition of 600 to coast of Mexico in 1519; conquistador responsible for defeat of Aztec Empire; captured Tenochtitlan
Dependent economic zones
Regions within the world economy that produced raw materials; dependent on European markets and shipping; tendency to build systems based on forced and cheap labor (ex. Brazil)
Juan José Arevalo
Elected president of Guatemala in the 1940s. His attempts at reform brought him into conflict with the United Fruit Company.
Treaty of Paris 1783
- Ended the Revolutionary War
- recognized the independence of the American colonies
- granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River
Admiral Cervera
Spanish admiral who was in the navy, constantly protesting because he said it was basically "suicide" considering the condition of the ships. Surrendered at Santiago.
Stamp Act
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
Nile River
The river in which early kingdoms in Egypt were centered around.
Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico (1846)
Mansa Musa
ruled Mali from 1312 to 1332; spread interest in Mali as he journied to Mecca
1. a form of writing developed by the sumerians.
2. used to record laws, treaties, and important social and religious customs.
Front de Liberation Nationale
The Algerian organization that fought a bloody guerilla war for freedom against France
louis 14
was recognized as one of the most powerful monarchs of Europe,he moved the capital from Paris to Versailles
Grand Army of the Republic
Civil War Union veteran's organization that became a potent political bulwark of the Republican part in the late nineteenth century
Bonus Bill of 1817
Securing funding for roads and canals was hard. This bill was passed by Congress to give states $1.5 million for internal improvements, but it was immediately vetoed by Pres. Madison. In his opinion, he believed states should pay for their own improvements.
Billion Dollar Congress
Spent tons of surplus money on civil war veterans
Charles and Frank Duryea
built the first gasoline driven motor vehicle in America in 1893.
1819 Parliament passed the infamous Six Acts
1) prohibited mass meetings
2) speeded up trials of political agitators
3) prohibited the training of armed groups
4) permitted search of homes for arms
5) placed heavy tax on the press
6) raised the fines for seditious libel
Populist Party
(BH) , Founded 1891 - James B. Weaver, problem was overproduction, called for free coinage of silver and paper money, national income tax, direct election of senators, regulation of railroads, and other government reforms to help farmers
Queen Anne's War, 1702-1713
The second of the four wars known generally as the French and Indian Wars, it arose out of issues left unresolved by King Williams' War (1689-1697) and was part of a larger European conflict known as the War of the Spanish Succession. Britain, allied with the Netherlands, defeated France and Spain to gain territory in Canada, even though the British had suffered defeats in most of their military operations in North America.
The jizya was the tax paid by
non-Muslims in an Islamic country
european nations and the US paid the barbary states
for protection from pirates
How did the new industrial cities change from the old manufacturing centers?
Size and population, centers for immigrants, sanitation, and transportation (suburbs).
a characteristic of the human species before the advent of civilization
the ability to spread to various geographic settings and climate zones
what were some resuls from the recon
free public education in the south, an increase in white southerners fear of blacks, and a valuable experience for african americans in political life
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