AP World History 114 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1871
German unification
Shari'a
Islam religious law
parliament
English Legislative body
infallible
incapable of making mistakes
factories
Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce.
16th amendment
allowed the income tax
Vedas
Early Indian sacred 'knowledge'-the literal meaning of the term-long preserved and communicated orally by Brahmin priests and eventually written down.
Utilitarianism
Form of Liberalism. Jeremy Bentham--the best policy is the one that produces "the greatest good for the greatest number". He did not support violent action, but he did seek to bring about social reform.
Chimu state
Regional Andean chiefdom that flourished from 800 to 1465 c.e.; fell to Incas.
Khagen
supreme ruler of Mongol tribes; elected democraticly
Politburo:
"Political Bureau" in the U.S.S.R. that was titularly the executive committee but in reality was, especially under Stalin, a rubber-stamp organization.
The prophet who blended Zoroastrian, Christian, and Buddhist elements of religious faith to form a cosmopolitan world...
?
Justinian
Influenced the development of the civil law system in many countries
Afrikaners
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910.
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
aristotle
greek philosopher who taught alexander the great
Columbia
United States offered this Latin American nation $10 million to gain rights to construct the Panama Canal
Haymarket Square
chicago bombing that resulted from alleged brutalities by authorities of laborers
Humayan
Son and successor of Babur; expelled from India in 1540, but restored Mughal rule by 1556; died shortly thereafter.
Ottoman Empire
Turkic Empire established in Asia Minor/Middle East; responsible for conquest of Constantinople...end of Byzantine Empire; succeeded Seljuk Turks following retreat of Mongols
the man responsible for the creation of the sui dynasty was
Wendi
five
How many distinct classes in Hindu Caste System?
Underwood- Simmons tariff
1914, lowered tariff, substantially reduced import fees. Lost tax revenue would be replaced with an income tax that was implemented with the 16th amendment. AFter Payne- Aldrich
Coxey's Army
Protest march of unemployed workers led by Jacob Coxey. Marched on Washington in 1894.
Morrill Act
Raised tariff to moderate levels; protected manufacturers; became part of Republicans
Vietnam War
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
333 CE
Date: Roman Capital moved to Constantinople
(Hint: __3 CE)
Protestant Reformation
Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church beginning in 1519. It resulted in the 'protesters' forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran and Reformed Churches and the Church of England.
Ju Yuanzhang
Chinese peasant who led successful revolt against Yuan; founded Ming dynasty
Muckrakers
1906 - Journalists who searched for corruption in politics and big business
Feudal Monarchies
With strong central power uniting western Europe after the fall of Rome, regional monarchies developed in France and England
Who is the largest private sector employer in the U.S.?
Wal-mart
carnegie made his fortune in this industry
steel
Mindanao
the second largest island of the Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago
Rosa Parks
(LBJ) , United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)
Ming Empire
1368-1644; Empire based in China that Zhu Yuanzhang established after the overthrow of the Yuan Empire. The Ming emperor Yongle sponsored the building of the Forbidden City and the voyages of Zheng He. The later years of the Ming saw a slowdown in technological development and economic decline
Absolutism
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
bonanza
This type of wheat farm in the Minnesota-North Dakota area was enormous, in some instances larger than 15,000 acres. Foreshadowed the giant agribusiness of the next century.
ivan (the terrible)
(1533-1584) earned his nickname for his great acts of cruelty directed toward all those with whom he disagreed. He became the first ruler to assume the title Czar of all Russia.
The Fundamental Orders
laws Connecticut was run by, established Purtitan church, very strict, allowed no other religions, sumptuory laws (laws which try to control people's behavior)
6.3 Gifford Pinchot, 1910
Cheif of Agriculture Department's Division of Forestry. Conservation in government
John C. Freemont
Explorer whose men helped overthrow Mexicans, establish Bear Flag Republic
mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
driver
A privileged male slave whose job was to ensure that a slave gang did its work on a plantation.
Prayer
Muslims must face the city of Mecca and pray five times a day. The prayer often takes place in mosques
"Mean People"
people of the lowest status; did unskilled jobs; wore a green scarf to show their status; punished harsher for crimes;
Popol Vuh
Mayan creation epic, taught that god created humans out of maize and water.
Headright System
to attract immigrants, HB offered 50 acres of land to:
1. each immigrant who paid for his own passage
2. any plantation owner who paid for an immigrant's passage
osman bey
1. founded the muslim ottoman empire in anatolia as the mongol empire fell.
2. during his reign the ottoman empire grew to be a significant threat to the byzantine empire.
martyr
JB was a martyr because he was executed for his antislavery beliefs
British East India Company
Government charted joint-stock company that controlled spice trade in the East Indies after the Dutch
El Salvador Dilemma!
(RR) 1979-1990, Civil was there, US and Pres. Jose Napoleon Duarte against leftist, but then soon death squads and threat leftist, two main problems (1) ones in power supported govt. in limit and (2) used power to delay and hurt agriculture, but soon guerilla attacks stopped after US invested money in El Salvador's newly privatized electrical markets
Battle of Kulikova
Russian army victory over the forces of the Golden Horde; helped break Mongol hold over Russia
Treaty of Paris, 1783
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
were American communists who were executed after having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage (1950-1953). The charges were in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Theirs was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history
John Peter Zenger trial
Zenger published articles critical of British governor William Cosby. He was taken to trial, but found not guilty. The trial set a precedent for freedom of the press in the colonies.
New Deal
Used 3 Rs and government funding to jump start the economy
Brinkmanship
a term coined in respect to he foreign policy approach of Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, and used since to describe a gambler's attitude in the management of foreign relations. Dulles said that one must be prepared to go to the "brink", presumably atomic war, if a nation were to be taken seriously in international affairs
Great Depression
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
Declaratory Act
Passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act, the Declaratory Act stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases. Most colonists interpreted the act as a face-saving mechanism and nothing more. Parliament, however, continually interpreted the act in its broadest sense in order to legislate in and control the colonies.
aristocracy
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
national seclusion policy
1. issued by the tokugawa shogunate, the policy prohibited japanese people from traveling abroad and kepy foreigners out of japan.
Susan B. Anthony
leader of woman suffrage movement, who helped to define the movement's goals and beliefs and to lead its actions
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
(DDE), A regional defense pact pulled together by Dulles to prevent the "fall" to communism of South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.
King William's War
First in a series of European wars fought in part on North American soil.
Midnight Judges
a nick name given to group of judges that was appointed by John Adams the night before he left office. He appointed them to go to the federal courts to have a long term federalist influence, because judges serve for life instead of limited terms
Republic of Korea
Southern half of Korea occupied by the United States after World War II; developed parliamentary institutions under authoritarian rulers; underwent major industrial and economic growth after the 1950s.
Food Administration
Created by Wilson during WWI - Led by Herbert Hoover - set up ration system to save food for soldiers
queen isabella and ferdinand
1. this royal couple enlisted the support of the catholic church and forced non-christians to convert to christianity or leave spain during the spanish inquisition.
Federal Reserve Act*
(WW) , response to Panic , Regulated banking to help small banks stay in business. A move away from laissez-faire policies, it was passed by Wilson.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Fought during the War of 1812 in central Alabama. On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe inspired by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh, effectively ending the Creek War.
speaker of the House
the only officer of the House of Representatives specifically mentioned in the Constitution; elected at the beginning of each new Congress by the entire House; traditionally a member of the majority party
what were some forms of buisness consolidation
trusts, pools, and holding companies
During their time as rulers of China, the Mongols
outlawed intermarriage between the mongol and chinese and the chinese could not learn the mongols languageextrcte as much money from the chinese as they could
The Treaty of Paris 1763
1. The end of the French and Indian War
2. Virtually kicked the French out of North America (Britain +)
-->w/ exception to New Orleans
3. French stop fighting for India (Britain +)
4. Spain gets Cuba, in exchange for Florida (Britain +)
Treaty of Tordesillas (and what is the date)
1494 - Treaty negotiated by the Pope to split the New World between Spain and Portugal
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