AP World History 25 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Far-flung trading empire
"knowledge"passed down by preists;religous texts
a league or alliance.
Joined together by common borders.
Date: Japanese invasion of Manchuria
key to English-Native American relationship, died in England in 1617
Populist Party
emerged from Farmers' Alliance movement, denounced Eastern Established that suppressed the working classes
native americans around arawaks war like fierce often practicing
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.
Father Serra estalishes first mission in California
little tigers
Massive postwar economic expansion, slowed in 1990s: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan imitate Japanes strategies
disease that killed soldiers during Spanish-American War; more people died from it that actual fighting; Dr. Walter Reed went to Cuba to help alleviate disease
Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
Border Ruffians
pro-slavery Missourians who traveled in armed groups to vote in Kansas' election during the mid-1850's, in order to make it a pro-slavery government
Invasion of Cambodia
during Vietnam war ***
Slender, long hulled vessels utilized by portuguese; key to development of trade w/ Asia
Mehmed II
Ottoman sultan called the "Conqueror"; captured Constantinople and destroyed the Byzantine Empire.
William Howe
English General who commanded the English forces at Bunker Hill. He did not relish the rigors of winter campaigning, and he found more agreeable the bedtime company of his mistress. At a time when it seemed obvious that he should join the forces in New York, he joined the main British army for an attack on Philadelphia.
A defense of native-born people and hostility towards foreign-born, usually with a desire to stop immigration.
Nikita Khrushchev
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
Introduced as a method of humane execution; utilized to execute thousands during the most radical phase of the French Revolution known as the Reign of Terror.
Benedict's boot
Benedict Arnold slowed British down before Gates' victory at Saratoga
where was the terrorist movement most concentrated in indea before wwi
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites.
Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet leader who was after Khrushchev
Prince von Metternich
conservative Austrian statesman and diplomat; believed in the policies of legitimacy and intervention (the military to crush revolts against legitimacy); Leader of the Congress of Vienna and the Austrian representative at that congress
Richard Arkwright
English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once. (604)
New Freedom
This was the strong progressive platform Democrats provided for Dr. Woodrow Wilson for the 1912 election. It included calls for stronger antitrust legislation, banking reform, and tariff reductions.
cottage industries
Weaving, sewing, carving, and other small-scale industries that can be done in the home. The laborers, frequently women, are usually independent. (p. 353)
Spoils System
"rotation in office;" Jackson felt that one should spend a single term in office and return to private citizenship, those who held power too long would become corrupt and political appointments made by new officials was essential for democracy
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland
288. Democratic societies
Clubs which met for discussion, designed to keep alive the philosophies of the American Revolution. They were sometimes called Jacobean clubs because they also supported the French Revolution.
The failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion:
Thomas Paine
• English printer • Hated the monarchy, saw the king as "the Pharaoh of England" • Wrote a pamphelet called Common Sense to convince the middle colonies that english government was bad and that the colonies should unite under one republic
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder, ended after 2 years
Lucretia Mott
A Quaker who attended an anti-slavery convention in 1840 and her party of women was not recognized. She and Stanton called the first women's right convention in New York in 1848
Factory system
A method of manufacturing adopted in England during the Industrial Revolution.
rights to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans
charter colony
colony established by a group of settlers who had been given a formal document allowing them to settle
Winston Churchill
Prime minister of Great Britain during World War II
Ninety-five theses
The Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences, known as the 95 Theses, (from 31 October 1517) challenged the teachings of the Church on the nature of penance, the authority of the pope and the usefulness of indulgences. They sparked a theological debate that would result in the Reformation and the birth of the Lutheran, Reformed, and Anabaptist traditions within Christianity.
African diaspora
The separation of Africans from their homeland through centuries of forced removal to serve as slaves in the Americas and elsewhere.
chartered Company
Groups of private investors who paid an annual fee to France and England in exchange for a monopoly over trade to the West Indies colonies. (p. 498)
Act whereby an individual is cut off by church authorities from sharing in the sacraments or attending services
New Nationalism
Theo Roosevelt's system in which the government would cordinate economic activity - government would regulate business
Tea Pot Dome Scandal
Biggest scandal of Harding's administration
Father Charles Coughlin
a controversial Catholic priest at Royal Oak, Michigan's National Shrine of the Little Flower Church. He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience, as more than thirty million tuned to his weekly broadcasts during the 1930s.
George Greenville
new prime minister in Britain that ends America's salutary neglect and enforces Navigation Laws
702. Ulysses S. Grant
U.S. president 1873-1877. Military hero of the Civil War, he led a corrupt administration, consisting of friends and relatives. Although Grant was personally a very honest and moral man, his administration was considered the most corrupt the U.S. had had at that time.
type of cotton named after Indian port city of Calicut
Came form Southern and Eastern Europe; unskilled
New Immigrants
Fletcher vs. Peck
Supreme Court could rule state laws unconstitiutional
South Carolina Exposition
written by John C. Calhoun denouncing the 1828 Tariff as unconstitutional and that the states should declare it null and void
779. Injunction
A judicial order forcing a person or group to refrain from doing something.
Edmund Andros
He was the royal governor of the Dominion of New England. Colonists resented his enforcement of the Navigation Acts and the attempt to abolish the colonial assembly.
15th amendment
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Chan Buddhism
What is the most popular school of thought of Buddhism in China?
Royal African Company
A trading company chartered by the English government in 1672 to conduct its merchants' trade on the Atlantic coast of Africa. (p. 507)
A people of this name is mentioned as early as the records of the Tang Empire, living as nomads in northern Eurasia. After 1206 they established an enormous empire under Genghis Khan, linking western and eastern Eurasia. >(p. 325)
Specie Circular
Issued by Jackson - attempt to stop states from speculating land with money they printed that was not backed by anything - required land speculation in speci; Provided that in payment for public lands, the government would accept only gold or silver
uncle toms cabin
written by harriet beecher stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england's view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.
society of the cincinnati
A society established by former officers of the Revolutionary war as a sort of aristocracy in which traditionalism and social status was important. Thomas Jefferson and other civilians thought that this movement threatened the newly formed republic and feared it could turn into an aristocracy so they worked to disband it. This was showed that nothing would stand in the way of a democratic government. This was crucial as this is the point when most revolutions fail, but the determination from Jefferson ceased this early threat.
152. Gaspée Incident
In June, 1772, the British customs ship Gaspée ran around off the colonial coast. When the British went ashore for help, colonials boarded the ship and burned it. They were sent to Britain for trial. Colonial outrage led to the widespread formation of Committees of Correspondence.
A popular old world tree that had a strong scent (Phoenicians exported it).
Define American Lyceum
A lecture circut beginning in 1826 that sent ministers, transcenndentalists, and scientists all across the north on speaking tours.
treaty of paris
Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba's independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.
Hatch Act of 1887
Extended the Morrill Act and provided federal funds for the establishment of agricultural stations with land-grant colleges.
Mandate of heaven
Zhou dynasty, said nobles had right to rule only as good rulers, would be overthrown otherwise
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US that was elected by an overwhelming majority in 1932, introduced the New Deal, and led the US through most of WWII
King Leopold II
King of Belgium (r. 1865-1909). He was active in encouraging the exploration of Central Africa and became the ruler of the Congo Free State (to 1908). (p. 732)
Charles A. Lindbergh
Flew across the Atlantic in 1927 on his plane, the Spirit of St. Louis, from New York to Paris
New England Confederation
1643 - Formed to provide for the defense of the four New England colonies, and also acted as a court in disputes between colonies.
Dred Scott v Sandford
slaves could not sue in federal courts (blacks no longer considered citizens), slaves could not be taken from masters except by the law, Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, Congress not able to prohibit slavery in a state
Manchu or Qing Dynasty
1644 AD - 1912 AD
Foreign conquerors of China; oppressed the native Han Chinese; trade with Europeans eventually leads to conflict in the Opium Wars and then to the foreign occupation of coastal cities of China. Rebellions like the Taiping and Lotus Flower Rebellions as well as foreign conflict and govt corruption led to its downfall
Articles of Confederation
set up week gov. to avoid taking away unalienable rights, no exectuive branch
1342. Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
Members were the U.S., Great Britain, Turkey, Iran and West Pakistan. Treaty to improve U.S. relations and cooperation with Latin and South America. Fairly successful, similar to ANZUS.
Tenure of Office Act
President had to get consent of Senate before removing an appointment. (Johnson violated, led to impeachment)
Hasan al-Sabahh and his "assassins"
A leader abd his group of Persians that resented the Turks and were feared by them.
In totally the Great Society tried to ____ the Republic
recharge, renew citizenship, last major effort in American history to do this
One of the biggest transformations of the caste system during this period was
the rise of the guilds which essentially served as jati
Currently available evidence has shown the first humans in the Americas
in the view of Louis Leakey, may have arrived 100,000 years ago
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