AP World History 27 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1st European colony
Second Reconstruction Act
March 1868
act of flowing in.
series of military adventures initially launched by western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims (temporarily succeeded in capturing Jersalem and establishing Christian kingdoms)
In Tibetan Buddhism, a teacher.
Who crowned Charlamagne?
Pope Leo III
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
william bradford
leader of the Plymouth colony
Paleolithic Age
(2,500,000 B.C.E-8000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.
Many feminist leaders were especially disappointed with the Fourteenth Amendment because it
A) did not free all the slaves.
B) failed to give women the right to serve on juries.
C) guaranteed male but not female property rights.
D) did not define what
Mau Mau revolt
(1952-1956) Anti-colonial militancy resulted in the Mau Mau Revolt. The term could have come from British "Freedom Fighters," Kikuyu translation of "Greedy Eating" or phrase Mzungu Arudi Uingereza Mwafrica Apate Uhuru meaning Let the Europeans return to England so that the African may get freedom. To join, recruits had to eat food soaked in goat's blood. Started with the murder of an African chief who was a British loyalist (October 1952), the British govt started a State of Emergency. Troops were rushed to Kenya. The Mau Mau murdered a white farmer and family in January 1953, British killed thousands in their attacks of Kikuyu villages (many Kikuyu fled to the forests). British slaughtered livestock, burned crops, and hung over 1000 Africans in the first year. Failed militarily, but brought international attention to the brutality, and pushed the British to accept Kenyan independence.
China's northern capital, first used as an imperial capital in 906 and now the capital of the People's Republic of China. (p. 351)
Member of prominent northern Chinese family during period of Six Dynasties; proclaimed himself emperor; supported by nomadic peoples of northern China; established Sui dynasty
Algeciras, Spain
Roosevelt arranged an international conference to mediate North African disputes in 1906; he received a Nobel Peace Prize as a result of this
Italy under Mussolini: State > Individual
Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam
Members of a Hindu religious sect. founded in northern India around 1500. They believe in one god and reject the caste system.
Black Death
Devastating plague that persisted for several hundred years in Europe
Property Qualification
1821 this qualification was abolished, which made it easier for other groups to vote.
formed to combat Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, wants to EXPEL AMERICAN PRESENCE FROM HOLY LAND.
Greek Revolution
Rebellion in Greece against the Ottoman Empire in 1820; key step in gradually dismantling the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.
British cavalry officer that had a reputation for killing captives rather than taking them prisoner; Tarleton's quarter
what independent nations emerges as a fragment of pakkistan
free trade
international trade free of government interference
A political view that advocates for rule of law, representative government, and egalitarianism.
Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800
Mahayana Buddhism
Great Vehicle' branch of Buddhism followed in China, Japan, and Central Asia. The focus is on reverence for Buddha and for bodhisattvas, enlightened persons who have postponed nirvana to help others attain enlightenment. (p. 181)
Khmers and Chams
Indianized Vietnamese peoples defeated by Northern government at Hanoi.
Golden Horde
Mongol khanate founded by Genghis Khan's grandson Batu. It was based in southern Russia and quickly adopted both the Turkic language and Islam. Also known as the Kipchak Horde. (p. 333)
three-field system
System of agricultural cultivation by 9th century in western Europe; included one-third in spring grains, one-third fallow. (p. 376)
believed in reform of the criminal justice system
279. Washington’s Farewell Address
He warned against the dangers of political parties and foreign alliances.
Royal Document graning a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their rights as English citizens
Royal Charters
a commercial center where goods are received for distribution, transshipment, or repackaging.
(Ferdinand) Marcos
Dictator who ruled the Philippines in the late 1970's through '87; he was supported by the US because he was anti-communist.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Oberlin College
first college to teach women and African Americans
Socialist Revolution
A proletarian revolt inspired by the ideas of Karl Marx
Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia who greatly increased the territory of the empire (1729-1796)
Ostend Manifesto
The recommendation that the U.S. offer Spain $20 million for Cuba. It was not carried through in part because the North feared Cuba would become another slave state.
Fidel Castro
leader of Cuba, 1976-2008, led the revolution of Cuba and took control of Cuba in 1959; made Cuba communist, retired in 2008
Blue Law State
nickname for Connecticut- had strict Puritan laws (no kissing in public)
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered Greece, Egypt, and Persia
Council of the Indes
The institution responsible for supervising Spain's colonies in the Americas from 1524 to the early eighteenth century, when it lost all but judicial responsibilities. (p. 476)
Gulf War
Three-day war fought between Iraq and a U.S.-led coalition in 1991 after Iraq invaded Kuwait
Lend Lease Act
replaced cash and carry; allowed Britain to borrow US war materials
Marcus Garvey
Black leader in early 1920s who appealed to urban blacks with his program of racial self-sufficiency/separatism, black pride, and pan-Africanism; his Universal Negro Improvement Association ran into financial trouble, however. He was eventually arrested for mail fraud and deported to his native Jamaica in 1927
Niagara Group
A call for opposition to racial segregation and disenfranchisement as well as policies of accommodation and conciliation promoted by African American leaders such as Booker T. Washington.
founded by Thomas Hooker who was an unhappy Puritan and established Hartford and Fundamental Orders, first constitution in U.S. history
42. Charleston
1690 - The first permanent settlement in the Carolinas, named in honor of King Charles II. Much of the population were Huguenot (French Protestant) refugees.
successors of ali; shahs claimed to be these
Henry Grady's speech; wanted the South to grow. wanted to industrialize. Elite
New South
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Court ruled states could not control parts of federal government
German Reunification
east, west germ vote to reunify, sovs and europe feared a strong germany, but agreed b/c germ would be under nato
415. Whigs: origins, policies
Whigs were conservatives and popular with pro-Bank people and plantation owners. They mainly came from the National Republican Party, which was once largely Federalists. They took their name from the British political party that had opposed King George during the American Revolution. Among the Whigs were Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and, for a while, Calhoun. Their policies included support of industry, protective tariffs, and Clay's American System. They were generally upper class in origin.
James Madison
He was a federalist that helped write the federalist papers and believed that there needed to be laws that protected peoples right and also came up with the Virginia Plan. fourth president of the United States; declared War of 1812.
Citizen Genet
French diplomat who in 1793 tried to draw the United States into the war between France and England (1763-1834)
Council of Nicea
In 325 what decided that Jesus possessed both human and divine natures?
Christopher Columbus
Genoese mariner who in the service of Spain led expeditions across the Atlantic, reestablishing contact between the peoples of the Americas and the Old World and opening the way to Spanish conquest and colonization.
Francisco Pancho Villa
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata. (819)
cash and carry
countries such as Britain and France would have to pay for American goods in cash and provide transportation for them. This would keep US ships out of the war zone and eliminate the need for war loans
Boston massacre
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
northwest ordinance
Enacted in 1787, it is considered one of the most significant achievements of the Articles of Confederation. It established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
1347. Chiang Kai-Shek, Formosa
Chiang and the nationalists were forced to flee to Formosa, a large island off the southern coast of China, after the Communist victory in the civil war. Throughout the 1950's, the U.S. continued to recognize and support Chiang's government in Formosa as the legitimate government of China, and to ignore the existence of the Communist People's Republic on the mainland.
Ganges River
The largest river in India that gave rise to the start of many early Indian civilizations.
Define oligopoly
the situation in which a few stron producers control an industry
giddeon v wainwright
a defendant must be provided a lawyer if they cannot afford one
Clayton Bulwer Treaty
1850 - Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Abrogated by the U.S. in 1881.
Fourth Crusade
a Crusade from 1202 to 1204 that was diverted into a battle for Constantinople and failed to recapture Jerusalem
"White Man's Burden"
a poem written by Rudyard Kipling that justified imperialism by stating that the native people of the lands that the White man conquered were in need of their help and it was their duty to civilize them
Battle of Omdurman
British victory over the Mahdi in the Sudan in 1898. General Kitchener led a mixed force of British and Egyptian troops armed with rapid-firing rifles and machine guns. (p. 730)
Black Star Line Steamship Company
Established by Marcus Garvey to transport American blacks to Africa, went bankrupt 1923
Harvard founded
1636 - Founded by a grant form the Massachusetts general court. Followed Puritan beliefs.
Social Security Act of 1935
New Deal program that used withheld money from payrolls to provide aid to the unemployed, industrial accident victims, and young mothers; principle of government responsibility for social welfare
oliver hazard perry
"We have me the enemy, and they are ours." Naval hero during the War of 1812. Won battle on Lake Erie against the British. After the battle, he sent William Henry Harrison a note that said this famous quote.
The Treaty of Paris of 1783
ended the American Revolution, british gave american land east of the mississippi river.
713. Greenbacks - Labor Party
Founded in 1878, the party was primarily composed of prairie farmers who went into debt during the Panic of 1873. The Party fought for increased monetary circulation through issuance of paper currency and bimetallism (using both gold and silver as legal tender), supported inflationary programs in the belief that they would benefit debtors, and sought benefits for labor such as shorter working hours and a national labor bureau. They had the support of several labor groups and they wanted the government to print more greenbacks.
British Orders in Council
A law passed by the English while fighting the French in 1793. The British closed off all port vessels that France went through so they couldn’t get supplies, but American ships were seized also and Americans were impressed into the British navy, leading to the War of 1812.
The Popular Front (French: Front Populaire)
was an alliance of the Communists, Socialists, and Radicals for the national elections of May 1936 due to the growing strength of the fascists. The Popular Front's clear victory reflected the trend toward polarization. The number of Communists in parliament increased and the Socialists led by Leon Blum became the strongest party in France, with 146 seats. The Popular Front attempted to deal with the social and economic problems of the 1930s in France. It encouraged the union movement and launched a far reaching program of social reform, complete with paid vacations and a forty hour workweek. The Popular Front collapses in 1937 due to rapid inflation.
Civil Rights Act of 1965
backs up 14th and 15th amendments and includes women
Osiris judged weather or not souls were worthy for immortality by...
weighing their hears against a feather symbolizing justice
The era of good feelings
What was it?
when was it?
Was it real?
What caused it to end?
What was it? -Phrase used to describe Monroe's presidencies.  It was a time of considerable tranquility and prosperity.
When was it? -  Began in 1816 ended with the panic of 1819
Was it real? - No
What caused it to end?-
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