AP World History 29 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Boulder
Colorado
Gibbons v. Ogden
...
hernan cortes
conquered the aztecs
celibacy
abstention from sexual relations.
al-Razi
Chemist; Classified all material sustances into three classes: aminal, vegetable, and mineral
Socrates
Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior.
Confusianism, Hiduism, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism
Analects-
Vedas-
Bible-
Torah-
Four Noble Truths/8 Fold Path-
burghers
middle-class merchants in the feudal system
maya
created a great civilization great urban cities and then it declined long before europeans showed up. they were interested in measuring time,
what is the meaning of islam
submissions
Lame Duck President Buchanan believed that...
a. southern states had a legal right to secede from the Union
b. his duty was to protect federal installations from assault
c. the election of 1860 was a fraud
d. southern states had no choice but to secede fr
e
Native learning
Japanese movement for native ideas
15th Amendment
Ratified 1870, gaurantees male citizens the right to vote
John Locke
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Theodore Roosevelt
President. Rough Riders. assistant secretary of the navy
Pancho Villa
Mexican Revolutionary and military commander in Northern Mexico during Mexican Revolution.
The other European nation besides France and Spain that supported the American Revolution by declaring war on Britain.
Holland
Bacon's Rebellion
rebellion against Gov. Berkeley, for lack of protection from Indians
Moral Diplomacy
foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
william penn
founder of pensylvania was william penn- his father was admiral sir william penn- man who gave english monarchy plenty of service- gave his son possibility to do this pennsylvania is called "holy experiment"- pays for indian lands fair prices - he learened delaware language so he could speak with delaware indians- suthern boundy of pensylvania was surreyed with 2 men mason and dixen- this area is called mason dixon line -line between north and south
Palestine Liberation Organization
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
Maghrib
the Arabic term for western North Africa
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
Rugged Individualism
Hoover's philospphy taht called on Americans to help each other during the Depression without direct governmet relief; he feared too much government help would weaken the American character, endanger liberty, and lead to tatalitarianism in the United States
William Jennings Bryan
Nebraska politician
Begins his free silver advocacy in the earlier 1890s
Bengal
Region of northeastern India. It was the first part of India to be conquered by the British in the eighteenth century and remained the political and economic center of British India throughout the nineteenth century. Today this region includes part of Eastern India and all of Bangladesh.
sacrifice
the act of losing or surrendering something as a penalty for a mistake or fault or failure to perform etc.
Alexander
King of Macedonia in northern Greece. Between 334 and 323 B.C.E. he conquered the Persian Empire, reached the Indus Valley, founded many Greek-style cities, and spread Greek culture across the Middle East. Later known as Alexander the Great. (p. 136)
Ibn Batuta
Arabic traveler who described African societies and cultures
hieroglyphics
System of writing in which pictorial symbols represented sounds, syllables, or concepts. Used for official and monumental inscriptions in ancient Egypt.
Methodius
Along with Cyril, missionary sent by Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans; converted southern Russia and Balkans to Orthodox Christianity; responsible for creation of written script for Slavic known as Cyrillic. (p. 364)
Rhode Island
founded by Roger Williams, separation of church and state, most democratic and free
 
 
 
 
1102. Versailles Conference, Versailles Treaty
 
 
 
The Palace of Versailles was the site of the signing of the peace treaty that ended WW I on June 28, 1919. Victorious Allies imposed punitive reparations on Germany.
British states man/ reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliamant that led to end of English slave trade in 1807
Wilberforce, William
merchant
a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader.
Carter
Under this presidency, the US began to heal it's foreign policy image, leaning more toward a "Good Neighbor" policy. He was Christian, humanitarian, and turned over control of the Panama Canal to Panama.
"Pittsburgh millionaires"
An organization of forty men that produced one-fourth of the nation's Bessemer steel
Yin and Yang
In ancient Chinese belief, the opposing forces that bring balance to nature and life
gang labor
a system where planters organized ther slaves into groups and kept them in the fields all day used primarily on tobacco plantations
Proclomation Line of 1763
across Appalachian Mountains. couldn't go west of line. Britain didn't want to spend money on Western Expansion. speculators angry.
Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Diocletian
Roman emperor from 284 to 305 C.E.; restored later empire by improved tax administrations and tax collections
baibars
commander of Mamluks who drove out the mongols
Holy Roman Empire
Loose federation of mostly German states and principalities, headed by an emperor who had little control over the hundreds of princes who elected him. It lasted from 962 to 1806.
sepoy
A soldier in South Asia, especially in the service of the British. (p. 658)
Prime Minister
Head of government in a paliamentary system
Stephen Douglas
Political who debated Lincoln prior to 1860 election - advocated annexation of Mexico and strong supporter for Compromise of 1850
Carolingian Dynasty
The Carolingian Dynasty is a Frankish dynasty founded by Pepin that lasted from 751-987, which was successed by Charlemagne, among others.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Dhows and Junks
Mariners that recognized the monsoon patterns, and could carry much larger loads; usually conducted trade in stages
550. Factory girls
Lowell opened a chaperoned boarding house for the girls who worked in his factory. He hired girls because they could do the job as well as men (in textiles, sometimes better), and he didn't have to pay them as much. He hired only unmarried women because they needed the money and would not be distracted from their work by domestic duties.
Oliver Hazard Perry
American naval officer; managed a fleet on the shores of Lake Erie in 1813; captured a British fleet on Lake Erie, his victory slogan "We have met the enemy and they are ours" brought new life and inspiration to the American troops, he was a hero during the war.(pg.202).
Farm Board
this was authorized to help farmers stabilize prices by temporarily holding surplus grain and cotton in storage. The program however, was much to modest to handle the continued overproduction of farm goods.
The Maine
McKinley sent The Maine to Cuba to protect US interests during the Cuban revolt against Spain; it was exploded accidentaly and blamed on Spain
Enlightenment
Age of Reason, time when man was based on natural law, Old Regime challenged, major ideas supported by philosophs (freedom of speech, press, religion; education; anti-slavery)
1046. Bull Moose Party
The Progressive Party, it was Roosevelt's party in the 1912 election. He ran as a Progressive against Republican Taft, beating him but losing to Democrat Woodrow Wilson.
Age Grade
An age group into which children were placed in Bantu societies of early sub-Saharan Africa; children within the age grade were given responsibilities and privileges suitable for their age and in this manner were prepared for adult responsibilities
Dred Scott v. Sandford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that livig in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitional
Mithraism, Christianity, Judaism
What religions were popular during the Roman empire?
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in the pacific theater of World War II.
Getulio Vargas
Dictator of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954. Defeated in the presidential election of 1930, he overthrew the government and created Estado Novo ('New State'), a dictatorship that emphasized industrialization. (823)
Virginia Plan
The Virginia Plan was presented to the Constitutional Convention and proposed the creation of a bicameral legislature with representation in both houses proportional to population. The Virginia Plan favored the large states, which would have a much greater voice. In opposition, the small states proposed the New Jersey Plan. In the end, the two sides found common ground through the Connecticut Compromise.
martin van buren
Served as secretary of state during Andrew Jackson's first term, vice president during Jackson's second term, and won the presidency in 1836
Eightfold Path
Way to the cessation of suffering, the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths.
1229. Elanor Roosevelt
A strong first lady who supported civil rights.
Youth Rebellions in 1968
The attitudes of the post-WWII generation toward their respective governments were less than respectful. An antiwar movement applied mostly nonviolent protest tactics against the presence of U.S. troops in Vietnam. Student protests in 1968 included mass rallies and sitins in capital cities worldwide from Paris and London to Prague and Buenos Aires.
19. He wrote The Shame of the Cities. He exposed municipal corruption. He was also a muckraker
Lincoln Steffens
Describe the Ming economy.
The market sector of the domestic economy was very pervasive and overseas tradin multiplied, because of china's advanced handicraft industries produced a wide variety of goods from silk textiles and tea to ceramics that were in high demand. China was in favor. Merchant classes benefited the mozt
(Thomas W.) Lawson
A speculator who made $50 million on the stock market, then ostracized himself from his rich associates by publishing "Frenzied Finance," which exposed the practices of his accomplices. Though this boosted sales for Everybody's, the magazine in which the series was published, the author died a poor man.
Joint-Stock Company
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
Nicholas II
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution; executed by the Bolsheviks in 1918
Independent Treasury Act
A bill proposed by Van Buren to "divorce" the government from the economy, which he believed would help the economy. The act was repealed a year later by the Whigs, but reinstituted in 1847 and lasted until the beginning of the civil war.
national war labor board
..., a board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war
Lodge Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
non-European powers excluded from owning territory in the Western Hempisphere
gens de couleur
Free men and women of color in Haiti. They sought greater political rights and later supported the Haitian Revolution. (See also L'Ouverture, Fran?ois Dominique Toussaint.) (p. 593)
reaty of Paris (1763)
This is the treaty that ended the French and Indian War. France gave up claims to Canada and all lands east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain. Spain claimed territory west of the Mississippi River and ceded Florida to Great Britain.
Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)
A fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army who served in the American Civil War. It was among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics and was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW).
973. Panama Revolution
The Isthmus of Panama had been part of Columbia. U.S. tried to negotiate with Columbia to build the Panama Canal. Columbia refused, so U.S. encouraged Panama to revolt. Example of Big Stick diplomacy.
Colonial confederation created in 1754 in which colonies laid out plans for mutual defense against Native Americans. Often considered the first time that colonies organized themselves as a group.
Albany Congress Plan of the Union
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Robert Livington
These men, along with John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, made up the committee which drafted the Declaration of Independence.
1. High interest rates2. Trusts3. High taxes4. Railroads
Four "man-made" farmer problems
What river where romulus and remes abdoned at and who killed who?
the Tiber river and Romulus killed Remus
992. Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives
Early 1900's writer who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel.
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