AP World History 95 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
infallible
r
canvass
talking poll
2001
Date: 9/11 Attacks
1533CE
Pizarro conquers the Inca
Confucious
6th century chinese philosopher
Sam Houston
Led Texas Revolution 1836
Republican Party
Northern antislavery group, distributed Cabin, nominated Lincoln
coureurs de bois
french fur trade
Clinton's Lasting Mark
(WJC) fight against AIDS
Sahara
Desert running across northern Africa; separates the Mediterranean coast from southern Africa
Osceola
Led Seminole Indian resistance in FL
candomble
African religious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people.
Geneva Accords
Divided Vietnam at 17th parallel
decolonization
Changing from colonial to independent status
Bantu
The people who spread throughout Africa spreading agriculture, language, and iron.
Abolitionists
people who believed that slavery should be against the law
discoveries
In three subsequent voyages, Columbus never admitted he had not reached Asia; his *what* led to other expeditions in the Caribbean and the Americas, and the lands were claimed for Spain
Descamisados
"Shirtless ones," Argentine poor who supported Juan and Eva Peron
Stalwarts
(GC) , Bosses of Republic political machines who practiced patronage and elected officials due to status not experience.
Philippine Commission
appointed by President McKinley in 1899 to set up a Filipino government, led by William Taft
The last surviving Islamic outpost in Spain was
Granada
Cavaliers
In the English Civil War (1642-1647), these were the troops loyal to Charles II. Their opponents were the Roundheads, loyal to Parliament and Oliver Cromwell.
francisco pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Harvard
founded in 1637 to train preachers, John Harvard- first headmaster, first university in America
sepoys
Troops that served the British East India Company; recruited from various warlike peoples of India.
Mark Hanna
Ran McKinley's campaign, credited for making him who he is
May Fourth movement
Resistance to Japanese encroachments in China began on this date in 1919; spawned movement of intellectuals aimed at transforming China into a liberal democracy; rejected Confucianism
ma'at
Egyptian term for the concept of divinely created and maintained order in the universe. Reflecting the ancient Egyptians' belief in an essentially beneficent world, the divine ruler was the earthly guarantor of this order.
Sophocles
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
Continental Currency
money printed by the Continental Congress- worthless
Conquistadors
These Spanish men swooped on the Americas between 1519 and 1540 in the hope of conquest. This group savagely decimated Indian tribes such as the Aztec and Incan empires, and claimed for church and crown a territory that extended from Colorado to Argentina.
secularism
The belief in material things instead of religious things. This was a shift away from Medieval thinking.
Ralph Nadar
Unsafe at any speed.
spurred National Traffic and Motor Safety Act, 1966
Warren G. Harding*
1921-1923, Republican, against League of Nation, first time women vote, "Ohio Gang"
technology
use of knowledge tools and craftes to change the environment
Confucius
Also known as Kung Fuzi; major Chinese philosopher; born in 6th century b.c.e.; author of Analects; philosophy based on need for restoration of order through advice of superior men to be found among the shi.
1215
King John of England signs the Magna Carta (forced to by his subjects)
Chinese Exclusion Act
(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.
cotton
What was the main Egyptian cash crop utilized by Muhammad Ali in order to attempt to modernize Egypt?
Prohibition
a total ban on the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor throughout the United States. 1919-1933
Patrick Henry
Outspoken member of Virginia House of Burgesses; inspired colonial patriotism with "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Sweatt vs. Painter
-1950- Thurgood Marshall- Court ruled that separate professional schools for blacks failed to meet test of equality.
-in law school
Ottoman Empire
located in Asia Minor to Middle East
In the tenth century, the Turks living near the Abbasid Empire began to convert to
islam
Great Depression
A time of utter economic disaster; started in the United States in 1929.
emancipation edict
(1860) russia, alexander 2 issued it to abolish serfdom but the serfs just had to pay big to the government for small lands
Open Door Policy
Foreign policy that stated all countries should have equal commercial and industrial trade rights
Black Death
Name the famous period where the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
XYZ affair
• Strained relations between us and france
• Led to the quasi war
• Three French agents (x y and z)
• Demanded money from us to make peace
• Us said no way
ataturk (mustafa kemal)
1. first president of modern turkey
2. secularized and westernized the muslim nation while setting up a parliamentary system.
3. was ruthless in his determination to westernize turkey and move it away from its muslim/middle eastern history.
Postal Service
(RN) establish a postal service that was efficient and self supporting, greatly lessened political interference. 1970
Zulu Wars
Britain crushes Zulu, Fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Empire in Africa. The war ended the Zulu nation's independence.
Crimean War
Fought between 1854 and 1856; began as Russian attempt to attack Ottoman Empire; opposed by France and Britain as well; resulted in Russian defeat in the face of Western industrial technology; led to Russian reforms under Tsar Alexander II.
Ivan III
The prince that made Moscow the new capital of Russia, and he overthrew the Mongols that were dominating Russia.
quinine
the term for a drug used to combat, but not cure, malaria
New Democracy
(1824 - 1850) The New Democracy got more people involved in the government. There were also fewer voter restrictions and voter turn-out increased.
Nonintercourse Act of 1809
Provided that Americans could trade with all nations except Britain and France (1809)
Lyndon B. Johnson
President in 1963, passed Civil Rights bills, created Great Society; political career ruined by Vietnam when to unite the nation he does not run again for reelection in 1968
Assyrian Empire
this empire covered much of what is now mesopotamia, syria, palestine, egypt, and anatolia; its height was during the seventh and eigth centuries BCE
Zheng He
A Ming explorer and general who led several oversea voyages.
English Civil War
The conflict between King Charles and Parliament that ocurred after Parliament passed laws to limit royal power. Those who remained loyal to Charles were called Royalists or Cavaliers, while the opposers were called puritans. Charles ended up being executed. Oliver Cromwell, who led the victory, reigned as king for 10 years until he was booted off the throne and replaced by Charles II, beginning what would be known as the Restoration.
War Hawk
• Pro war people
• War of 1812: people who came to congress (like clay) who advocated war against the british because of the impressment of us sailors and their occupancy in pennsylavnia forts
Charles J. Guiteau
A mentally deranged office seeker who shot James Garfield in the back in a Washington railroad station. First attempted to plea insane as defense in case
Moon Landing
(RN) 1957, Sputnik by Russia, US had Explorer I, and Neil Armstrong had Apollo 11
First Bull Run*
(AL) , 1861-- First battle of the Civil War. Union soldiers were commanded by McDowell and defeated by the Confederate soldiers under Beauregard (Stonewall Jackson)
North American Free Trade Agreement
Agreement that created an essentially free trade zone among Mexico, Canada, and the United States, in hopes of encouraging economic growth in all three nations; after difficult negotiations, went into effect January 1, 994
Captain James Cook
Made voyages to Hawaii form 1777 to 1779 resulting in openigns of islands to the West; convinced Kamehamesha to establish unified kingdom of islands
Serfdom in Russia
feudal system, the use of serfs to work the land in return for protection against barbarian invasions
Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible)
Finished the process of expelling Mongols - centralized czar's power
Which of the following was a component of aztec, egyptian, and early japanese religions?
a sun deity
Nobel Peace Prize for Carter
2002, Habitat for Humanity, helped low income families
Battles of Lexington and Concord
The battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the Revolutionary War between the American colonists and the British. British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were loading arms. The next day, on April 19, 1775, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston
Navigation Acts (1650-1673) (NA)
1. trade must be carried by english ships and operated only from english or colonial crews
2.all goods imported to the colonies could pass only through english ports
3. certain goods can only be exportated to england (tobacco was the original one)
BASICALLY CAN ONLY TRADE WITH ENGLAND
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
(JA) 1798 , These stated that a state had the right to declare a law unconstiutional, or nullify a law, within its borders. These were written by Jefferson and Madison to resist the Alien and Sedition Acts
126. Mandate of Heaven
blessing of Heaven and that if a king ruled unwisely, Heaven would be displeased and would give the Mandate to someone else.
which of the following best explains why early christianity and buddhism spread so rapidly?
they appealed to lower classes and women
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