AP World History Flash Cards Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Collection points for Portuguese trade in the interior of Africa; provided essential links between economies of African interior and factories on the coast. (p. 639)
Lowell System
Working system which guaranteed workers housing, cash wages, and enticed many workers to work in New England mills and textile industry.
African religious ideas and practices in the English and French Caribbean islands. (p. 659)
African religious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people. (p. 659)
Shang Dynasty
Earliest record dynasty; rise and sucess based on technology, especially bronze. Shang contrlled production of bronze by monopolizing mines and employing craftsmen. Using a well-armed military, the Shang extended control to northeastern China. Kings controlled surplus agriculture as well as a n extensive network of as many as 1000 local towns. uilt extensive and lavish tombs for emperors. Practiced ancestor worship; used oracle bones to divine the furture.
Mayan Civilization
Society location in present day southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El salvador; classical Maya ruled from 300-900 C.E. Terrace farming was developed to capture rainwater and silt to increase soil fertility and hence agricultural production: cotton, maize, cacao. Achievements: elaborate system of writing, accurate calendar, and concept of zero. Solar year set agricultural patterns, and ritual year set daily activities and divided the year into 13 months with 20 days each.
The Townshend Acts
Antagonistic acts passed pre revolution the the colonies. These acts created new vice-admiralty courts, increased taxes on goods imported to the colonies, suspended the New York legislature, and they provoked a strong reaction from the colonists.
James Maredeth
University of Mississippi was ordered by law to integrate, and James Maredeth was the first African American accepted who attended the school.
Specie Circular
Jackson's policy designed to end speculation on land, required buyers to buy land with "hard cash" - gold or silver - which created overall economic hardship. Congress overturned the measure near the end of Jackson's term.
People who traveled to the western territories, ignored rules governing the purchase of land, and just made claims on land without paying.
Development of Sectionalism
North: Becoming industrialized. Farming played a small role, and the north became the nation's commercial and banking center. Slavery was illegal.South: Almost entirely agrarian. Looking to protect the institution of slavery by strengthening the position of slave states in congress.West: Economic interest were varied, but generally had to do with commercial farming. Distrust for the north, because they felt the northern banks were unfair to westerners. Many in the midwest became more connected to the north due to the expansion of canals and a better system of rails in the northern states.
triangular trade
Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe. (p. 644)
Kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center at Abomey 70 miles from coast; under King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African slaves. (p. 642)
Some of the first settlers of New England. They came to america for religous reason in hop of building America's first ideal society. Puritanism gave New England its regional identity.
Warring States
Time of disunity for China; many independent states adopted Legalist philosophies as the basis for their rule. Legalism helped the State of Qin to gian control and unify China. Turmoil forced Chinese to become introspective in an attempt to bring peace and unity to China. Development fo 3 significant schools fo thought- confusicanism, Legalism, Daoism-this period is also referred to as the 100 schools of thought.
Olmecs are named after trees from the region in which they flourished. Centerof Olmec soicety: San Lorenzo, La venta, and the Zapotes in Central America. Adequate rainfall allowed for the construction of drianage; irrigaiton systems led to abundant harvest. Authoritarian rule led to the creation of extenisve public works projects, including altras, temples, pyramids, and tombs. Famous sculpture: gigantic human heads.
Whiskey Rebellion
Hamilton's financial plan placed a tax on whiskey in order to help raise revenue to defray the debt from the American Revolution. This caused the Whiskey Rebellion in Pennsylvania, which was only dispersed when Washington intervened with federal militia. Washington then pardoned those involved - which showed both the strength and fairness of the federal government.
Monroe Doctrine
One of the most important "doctrines" on foreign policy in United States History. This doctrine asserted that the USA had authority in the Western Hemisphere, and warned European Nations that the Hemisphere was closed to further colonization.
Second Continental Congress
Printed money, created government of the colonies, established a Continental Army, and choose Washington to lead the rebel forces.
Wyandotte Constitution
Proposed constitution for the state of Kansas, would have given women equal rights with men, was viewed as too radical and not endorsed by the people of Kansas.
The Halfway Covenant
Changed the rules of Puritan baptisms. Many men were losing interest in church, so the Puritans decided to baptize all those whos parents had been baptized. The halfway part is because thouse who had not "experienced God's grace" could not vote.
Eli Whitney
Inventor of the cotton gin and interchangeable parts in manufacturing. His inventions revolutionized the process of manufacturing arms, among other things.
Treaty of Paris
Ended the war for American Independence. England recognized the United States of American and granted them generous territorial rights.
Vice-Admiralty Courts
Courts in which defendants were not entitled to a Jury used to try accused violates of the Navigation Acts.
Election of 1824
Election between Crawford, John Q. Adams, Henry Clay, and Andrew Jackson. None of them won a majority of the votes, so the decision went to congress where it was stalled. Eventually, in what came to be known as the "Corrupt Bargain," Clay resigned and campaigned for Adams, who won, and then named Clay to be Secretary of State. Jackson's supporters were not happy, because Jackson had won the most popular votes, and they felt the will of the American people was being thwarted by corrupt politics.
Government in Classical Persia
Sophisticated government led to the development of a new class of educated bureaucrats who played an important role In the daily affairs of the empire. State owned slaves provided labor for large scale construction projects: roads irrigation systems, city walls, and palaces.
Washington's Farewell Address
After Washington set the president of only serving two terms, he gave his farewell address. In it, he warned against political parties, warning that they would hurt the unity of the nation, and he encouraged isolationism, which the USA held to until the late 1800s.
The Black Panthers
Extreme group of blacks who thought they were "Heirs to Malcom X." Lead by Newton Seale, they became a militant, pro-communist, pro-black self reliance, pro violent-revolution, ect.
Shay's Rebellion
In 1787, a group of angry farmers marched on Boston to protest what they considered to be unfair political and economic practices. The rebellion caused many to believe that establishing a stronger central government in the United States might be prudent.
Seneca Falls Convention
An 1865 woman's rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York, where Stanton and Mott, along with other reformers, published their Declaration of the Rights and Sentiments of Women, which they modeled after the Declaration of Independence. 4 years later, the National Women's Suffrage Association was founded.
Betty Friedan
The author of the Feminine Mystique. President's commission on the status of women.
Lexington and Concord
Battles fought a year before the Declaration of Independence was created. Fought to repel redcoats who wanted to confiscate weapons in Concord.
Pre Civil War Tariffs
These tariffs were typically supported by the northerns, because they helped reduce competition for American goods. The south typically opposed these tariffs because the tariffs hurt their agrarian economies.
Tutu, Osei
Member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire; utilized Western firearms. (p. 647)
Society in classical Persia
In the cities free classes included priest, priestesses, artisans, craftsmen, merchants, and low ranking civil servants. Women worked in textile production and received rations of wine, beer, and sometimes meat for their labor. Salves were acquired through one of two sources: prisoners of war or civilians who tried to rebel against the imperial government-either way, slave status deprived individuals of personal freedom.
Cult of Domesticity
Belief that women ought to keep house and raise children, rather than work as wage earners.
Albany Plan of the Union
Plan provided for a inter-colonial government and a system for collecting taxes for the colonies' defense. This was headed by Ben Franklin, and was rejected because colonists did not want to unite under a single legislature.
Boston Tea Party
Protest by the Sons of Liberty against British taxes on tea.
The Pequot War, 1637
A war between the Pequot Indians and the colonies of Massachusetts and Conneticut due to sttlers moving into the Pequot Indians land. This war is significant because several hundred Pequots died against the coordinated military attack, and the land was awarded to Conneticut
The "Revolution" Of 1800
The election of 1800 saw power change from Adam's Federalists to Jefferson's Anti-Federalists. For the first time in world history, power changed between political parties peacefully with no violence.
Yellow River Civiliization; Xia Dynasty
Huang He means Yellow River and refers to the light colored losess soil that it picks up and eposits on the riverbank. Unpredictable flooding led to its nickname, china's Sorrow. Regular rains and fertile soil eliminated the ned for an extensive irrigation system and instead water-control systems were developed. Legendary Xia dynasty first attempted to organize public life on large scale established the precedent for hereditary monarchial rule in china. Legendary founder, Yu intianted flood control projects, organized large scale public works, and set up formal government.
Seven Year's War / French and Indian War
War between England and France that was fought largely in the colonies. This war seeded the first seeds of any British sentiment in the colonies, ended in a British victory, and resulted in Natives being not happy - exemplified in the Pontiac Rebellion.
/ 43

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online