AP World History One Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
prerequisite
required beforehand:
liberty steak
Term for hamburger
hamilton's report on credit
?
"Idleness"
A black code prohibiting loitering
Elizabeth Cady
Organizes Senca Falls convention
ziggurat
in ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple
edict
any authoritative proclamation or command.
khadijah
first wife of the prophet muhammad
Arianism
early Christian heresy that centered around teaching of Arius (250-336 CE) and contained the belief that Jesus was a mortal human being and not coeternal with God; was the focus of Council of Nicaea
Beaumarchais
French playwright that created French company to give supplies to the American Revolution; Barber of Seville and Marriage of Figarro
Sputnik
First unmanned spacecraft in 1957; sent up during Khrushchev's government; initiated space race with the United States.
Indus
The civilization from this river's valley (3500 BC to 2500 BC) had two thriving cities which were Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
William Pitt
British general- attacked Louisburg for 1st British victory- helped capture Quebec
Calvinism
Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born). Calvinists supported constitutional representative government and the separation of church and state.
Pension Act:
military pensions gave Cleveland headaches, Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) lobbied hundreds of private pension bills through compliant Congress, benefits were granted to deserters, bounty jumpers and men who never served, Czar Reed's billion dollar congress showered pensions on Civil War veterans to get rid of surplus.
Recaptives
Africans rescued by Britain's Royal Navy from the illegal slave trade of the nineteenth century and restored to free status.
humanists (renaissance)
European scholars, writers, and teachers associated with the study of the humanities (grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, languages, and moral philosophy), influential in the fifteenth century and later. (p. 408)
Bleeding Kansas
Missouri border ruffians crossed into the Kansas to vote against slavery (led by John Brown) - severely divided the fledgling state
Calvinism/Puritainism
Started by John Calvin after the protestant reformation. predestination
Molasses Act
was intended to enforce England's mercantilist polices by forcing the colonist to buy sugar from other British colonies rather than from foreign producers.
what was the successor to muhammad called
caliph
Ohio Gang
group of President Harding's cronies that were given special "considerations" by Attorney General Harry Daugherty
Texas Becomes State*
(JP) 1845, before his inauguration
hedonism
an ethical system that evaluates the pursuit of pleasure as the highest good
Triple Entente
formed before WWI, consisted of Britain, France, and Russia
Socialism
a theory of economics advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the production and distribution of goods rather than by the citizens contrary to capitalism=most Americans
Ibn Khaldun
Arab historian. He developed an influential theory on the rise and fall of states. Born in Tunis, he spent his later years in Cairo as a teacher and judge. In 1400 he was sent to Damascus to negotiate the surrender of the city. (336)
sanskrit
the most important language of ancient India
Upanishads
commentaries on the Vedas that are considered sacred texts in the Hindu religion
John S. Copley
a famous revolutionary painter.loyal to england during the revolution
"Dollar Diplomacy"
us using ecomomic involvement and investment to get good foreign realtions
"cult of domesticity"
glorified traditiotnal functions of women as homemaker and moral keeper
 
increase particularly in teaching jobs
Vienna
capital of Austrian Habsburg Empire , Ottomans laid seige on them during the O. decline
discrepancy
the state or quality of being discrepant; difference; inconsistency.
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina and Calhoun wanted to nullify tariff of abominations
Napoleon Bonaparte
. Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. (p. 591)
Wage Labor
a system of payment whereby workers are compensated on the bases of a wage not tied to the quality of the raw materials, accidents, or other exigencies in the production process
General Braddock
Commander of British forces in America during French and Indian War; failed to retake site of Fort Necessity in 1775 and was then killed in ambush.
Charles Dana Gibson
Magazine illustrator who showed the athletic, independent woman
The Sword
Cornwallis didn't show up to surrender to Washington after his defeat at Yorktown
Roger Williams
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
Pepin
Mayor of the Palace of the whole Frankish kingdom (both Austrasia and Neustria), and later King of the Franks; born 714; died at St. Denis, 24 September, 768. He was the son of Charles Martel
Robert Fulton, Clermont
A famous inventor, Robert Fulton designed and built America's first steamboat, the Clermont in 1807. He also built the Nautilus, the first practical submarine.
Third Reich
the name of the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler that lasted from 1933-1945
Aroostook War
"Lumber Jack War" that occurred over the disputed area of Maine/Canada.
Taiping Rebellion
The most destructive civil war before the twentieth century. A Christian-inspired rural rebellion threatened to topple the Qing Empire.
Western Front
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other. (p. 757)
Demak
Most powerful of the trading states on north coast of Java; converted to Islam and served as point of dissemination to other ports. (p. 326)
Harappan Civilization
What is the Indus Valley Civilization sometimes reffered to as?
Lecompton Constitution
proslavery leaders in kansas made this saying voters could only vote for the constitution with slavery or without slavery -- either way slave owners protected
 
Stephen Douglas fought for fair play
pg. 957
PES
Jimmy Carter
He declared no interaction with immoral foriegn countries and secured a department for energy. He also gave back the Panama Canal
He revolutionized the economy by getting away from OPEC and trying to conserve energy
He was a strong advocate of civil rights
Populist Party/Platform
Party that consisted of mainly farmers and was said to represent the "common man." Wanted silver standard, a graduated income tax, and direct election of U.S. Senators.
iron curtain
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. (p. 831)
sherman antitrust act
designed to break up trusts/ no teeth
Election of 1828
The election of 1824 convinced Van Buren of the need for a renewed two-party competition. In the election of 1828, a new party formed & gradually became known as the Democratic Party which made Jackson president & Calhoun VP. Opponents called themselves the National Republicans.
initiative
Refers to the right of the voters to directly propose legislation, thus bypassing the corrupt senate legislatures.
Treaty of Ghent
1814 in Ghent, Belgium. Treaty that ended the War of 1812 between the US and Britain. Britain was in no hurry to sign a peace treaty, and hoped the US would abandon NW territory to Indians. The treaty restored relations between the countries to antebellum (as they were pre-war). It was also then that Britain recognized the US as a nation.
Chesapeake incident 1807
us chesapeake ship fought brit ship Leopard
brits took sailors. enacts embargo act
King George's War (-)
Land squabble between France and Britain. France tried to retake Nova Scotia (which it had lost to Britain in Queen Anne's War). The war ended with a treaty restoring the status quo, so that Britain kept Nova Scotia).
jesuit
a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order engaged in missionary and educational work worldwide.
The order was founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola in 1534 with the objective of defending Catholicism against the Reformation.
(B.194)
3114 B.C.E.
The farthest back date that the mayan calender went back to.
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Scottsboro Boys
9 blacks taken off freight train and arrested for vagrancy, 2 whites accused them of rape, despite lack of evidence 8/9 of the boys were sentenced to death; many charges were dropped due to the assistance of the NAACP and the boys were freed 7: 1934-1941
Fort Sumter
federal ft. in Charleston was low on supplies so Lincoln only sent provisions
 
however SC attacks and wins
 
creates uprage in North
Wagner Act (aka National Labor Relations Act of 1935)
replaced unconstitutional National Industrial Recovery Act.
-workers right to join a union and bargain collectively.
-outlawed labor practices that were unfair
Joint-Stock Company
A group of investors who bought the right to establish New World plantations from the King.
Federal Farm Board
(HH) , Agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; it offered farmers insurance against loss of crops due to drought; flood; or freeze. It did not guarantee profit or cover losses due to bad farming.
143. Massachusetts Circular Letter
A letter written in Boston and circulated through the colonies in February, 1768, which urged the colonies not to import goods taxed by the Townshend Acts. Boston, New York, and Philadelphia agreed to non-importation. It was followed by the Virginia Circular Letter in May, 1768. Parliament ordered all colonial legislatures which did not rescind the circular letters dissolved.
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Caucus System, Nation Nominating Conventions
In the National Nominating Convention, delegates voted on the results of a primary. In the Caucus System, candidates were elected by small, secretive party groups and the public had little say in the process.
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 - Chinese immigrants had to be examined, and all convicts, polygamists, prostitutes, anarchists, persons suffering from loathsome or contagious diseases, and persons liable to become public disturbances and problems were all excluded form the U.S
Monroe Doctrine
stated that all of the Americas were a USA protectorate
1430. Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v. Sawyer, 1952
Supreme Court decision which restricted the powers of the president and the executive branch.
Supreme Court case that said states did not have the power to alter contracts.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
654. John Wilkes Booth
An actor, planned with others for six months to abduct Lincoln at the start of the war, but they were foiled when Lincoln didn't arrive at the scheduled place. April 14, 1865, he shot Lincoln at Ford's Theatre and cried, "Sic Semper Tyrannis!" ("Thus always to tyrants!") When he jumped down onto the stage his spur caught in the American flag draped over the balcony and he fell and broke his leg. He escaped on a waiting horse and fled town. He was found several days later in a barn. He refused to come out; the barn was set on fire. Booth was shot, either by himself or a soldier.
James Madison, "Father of the Constitution"
His proposals for an effective government became the Virginia Plan, which was the basis for the Constitution. He was responsible for drafting most of the language of the Constitution.
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
In 1828 Calhoun anonymously wrote this widely circulated book which he spelled out his argument that the tariff of 1828 was unconstitutional and that aggrieved states therefore had the right to nullify the law within their borders.
pg. 913
P
 
Ngo Diem Diem
US took out the ruler Diem to reinforce the south vietnamese it was being rejected by many south vietnamese. This shows that Vietnam war had become more of US war than Vietnam's
1954 Peace Conference in Geneva
was a conference with two tasks. The first was to try to find a way to unify Korea. The second task was to discuss the possibility of restoring peace in Indochina
47. Frame of government
1701 - The Charter of Liberties set up the government for the Pennsylvania colony. It established representative government and allowed counties to form their own colonies.
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
was to be in charge of the relocated Indians. It was initially placed under the Department of War, and one of its primary responsibilities was to prevent Indian military action against whites. Later it shifted its focus to overseeing Indian concentration and relocation, aimed to provide reasonable protection to the Indians but was not against taking their land.
The Influence of Sea Power upon History, (1660-1783)
1890 book by Alfred Thayer Mahan which argued that control of the sea was the key to world dominance. Was read by English, Japanese, Germans, and Americans, and helped stimulate the naval race among the great powers.
What is the order of power in the House? (5)
1. Speaker of the House - John Boehner - most importan
2. Minority Leader - Nancy Pelosi
3. Majority Leader - Eric Cantor
4. Majority Whip & Minority Whip - Kevin McCarthy, Steny Hoyer
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