Ap World History Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Kanun
Laws
Battle of Quebec
???
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
sailing technology
compass, astrolabe, caravel
Third world
underdeveloped countries (Asia, Africa, South America)
FHA
Federal Housing Administration (1934)- Recovery- Expanded private home ownership among moderate-income families through federal guarantees of private mortgages, the reduction of down payments from 30 to 10 percent, and the extension of repayment from 20 to 30 years; continues to function today.
National Assembly
French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789. (p. 585)
millennium
a period of 1000 years.
Babur "The tiger"
Founded the Mughal dynasty
Mali
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade.
Sputnik
The world's first space satellite, launched by the Soviet Union. Scared US into prioritizing science and math
Wollstonecraft,
Mary Enlightenment feminist thinker in England; argued that new political rights should extend to women.
baroque
Major Western artistic style from 1500s to 1700s. Climactic, dramatic, dark vs. usage, shocking/ gruesome
Rene Descartes
Established importance of skeptical review of all received wisdom (17th century); argued that human reason could then develop laws that would explain the fundamental workings of nature
Henry Hudson
Dutch-hired English explorer who ventured into Delaware and NY bay and Hudson River in 1609
Nuetrality Act of 1939
Cash and Carry
Mesoamerica
The area extending approximately from central mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua in which diverse pre-Columbian civilizations flourished.
popular culture
Entertainment spread by mass communications and enjoying wide appeal. (p. 897)
Adlai Stevenson
ran against Eisenhower, , The Democratic candidate who ran against Eisenhower in 1952. His intellectual speeches earned him and his supporters the term "eggheads". Lost to Eisenhower.
diaspora
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
Coxeys army
unemployed workers marched from ohio to wahsington to draw attention to the plight of workers and to ask for goverment relief
Reincarnation
the successive attachment of the soul to some animate form according to merits earned in previous lives
Romanticism
Said that there was more to experiencing the world than could be inferred by logic and more to living than could be satisfied by the acquisition of material things. People felt a need to balance reason and calculation with emotion and spirit. They revered nature and felt that contemplation of natural scenes would lead to realization of fundamental truths.
indemnity
a payment for a loss or damage
boondoogling
Engaging in trivial or useless work; any enterprise characterized by such work.
Molasses Act,
British legislation which taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar which the colonies imported from countries other than Britain and her colonies. The act angered the New England colonies, which imported a lot of molasses from the Caribbean as part of the Triangular Trade. The British had difficulty enforcing the tax; most colonial merchants ignored it.
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren, a Democratic-Republican Senator from New York, rallied the factory workers of the North in support of Jackson. He became Jackson's V.P. after Calhoun resigned. New York politics at that time was controlled by a clique of wealthy land-owners known as the Albany Regency, of which Van Buren became the leader.
Mandate System
Allocation of former German colonies and Ottoman possessions to the victorious powers after World War I, to be administered under League of Nations supervision. (p. 770)
pilgrims
settlers of plymouth colony who view themselves as spiritual wonders. purtianism applead to merchants enterpenuers, and commerical farmerss were seperastists
Janisutus
The religious group that swept the ground before they walked to avoid harming insects...
kitchen cabinet
Jackson's group of unofficial advisors consisting of newspaper editors and Democratic leaders that met to discuss current issues. Jackson used the Kitchen Cabinet more than his official Cabinet.
Francisco Coronado
Ventured into current Southwest U.S looking for legendary Eldorado, city of gold. Instead found pueblo Indians.
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the War of 1812
Alexander Hamilton
Great political leader; youngest and brightest of Federalists; "father of the National Debt"; from New York; became a major general; military genius; Secretary of Treasury; lived from 1755-1804; became Secretary of the Treasury under George Washington in 1789; established plan for economy that went in to affect in 1790 including a tariff that passed in 1789, the assupmtion of state debts which went into affect in 1790, an excise on different products (including whiskey) in 1791, and a plan for a national bank which was approved in 1791; plan to take care of the national debt--a. fund debt at face value, b. assumption of state debts, c. creation of National Bank, D. taxes (tariffs and excises)--plan was a success in dealing with the national debt; founded the Federalist Party.
morality
conformity to the rules of right conduct; moral or virtuous conduct.
William Jennings Bryan
lawyer and politician who advocated free silver, repeat candidate for president, cross of gold speech against gold standard
Ashur
Chief deity of the Assyrians, he stood behind the king and brought victory in war. Also the name of an important Assyrian religious and political center. (p. 94)
texas vs. white
States cannot secede from the Union
"domino effect"
the consequence of one event setting off a chain of similar events (like a falling domino causing a whole row of upended dominos to fall)
French Revolution
Revolution in France between 1789 and 1800; resulted in overthrow of Bourbon monarchy and old regimes; ended with establishment of French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte; source of many liberal movements and constitutions in Europe
Tet Offensive
surprise attacks on cities all over South Vietnam, hurt support for the war in the US
fief
in the middle ages, a property given to a vassal in exchange for his loyalty
Vladimir
Ruler of Russian kingdom of Kiev - converted kingdom to Christianity
Culperer's Rebellion
Led by Culperer, the Alpemark colony rebelled against its English governor, Thomas Miller. The rebellion was crushed, but Culperer was acquitted.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into World War II
Elias Howe
United States inventor who built early sewing machines and won suits for patent infringement against other manufacturers (including Isaac M. Singer) (1819-1867)
history
study of past events and changes in the development, transmission, and transformation of cultural practices.
Stanley, Henry Morton (1841-1904)
British-American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. Stanley helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State. (p. 732)
Tecumseh
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Fertile Crescent
A region in the Middle East incroporating present-day Isreal, West Bank, Lebanon, parts of Jordan, Syria, Iraq and south eastern Turkey.
mountain whites
pro-Unio southerners who worked in the valleys of Appl. Mtns.
 
(Andrew Johnson)
John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon
radical whigs, cato letters
Peter Zenger Case
John Peter Zenger, a newspaper printer, protested the royal governor in 1734-35. He was put on trial for this "act of treason." The jury went against the royal governor and ruled Zenger innocent. This set the standards for democracy and, most importantly, for the freedom of the press.
Adolf Hitler
Born in Austria, Hitler became a radical German nationalist during World War I. He led the National Socialist German Workers' Party-the Nazi Party-in the 1920s and became dictator of Germany in 1933. He led Europe into World War II. (p. 786)
Brattle Street Church
1698- Founded by Thomas Brattle. His church differed from the Puritans in that did not require people to prove that they achieved grace in order to become full church members.
(James G.) Blaine
Secretary of state under both Garfield and Harrison; he pushed his "Big Sister" policy involving Latin American countries, and presided over the first Pan-American Conference in 1889.
Slidell's offer
1845 - due to rumors of Britain preparing to buy California, was sent to Mexico City in 1845 by Polk to buy California for $25 million-the offer was rejected.
Customs Duty (Tariff)
A tax on imported products (Sugar Act)
Punic Wars
a series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean
Secof the Treasury Hamilton
A leading Federalist, he supported industry and strong central government. He created the National Bank and managed to pay off the U.S.'s early debts through tariffs and the excise tax on whiskey.
Christopher Columbus
Genoese mariner who in the service of Spain led expeditions across the Atlantic, reestablishing contact between the peoples of the Americas and the Old World and opening the way to Spanish conquest and colonization. (p. 430)
his codification of Roman law
Justinian's most important and long-lasting political achievement was
empress wu
She led the Tang Dynasty (625-705 AD); Only women emperor of China; powerful and cruel, along with talented and intelligent
American Anti-Slavery Society
A society founded by William Lloyd Garrison(white), an ardent abolitionist, with his followers. This society helped bring anti-slavery ideas to many people, and abolitionist feelings became more common, perhaps because of the other successful reform movements of the time. Garrison's paper- The Liberator 4: 1825-1865
First Continental Congress
in response to Intolerable acts
12 of 13 colonies metin Philadelphia to address colonial grievances
 
created the Association
114. General Braddock
British commander in the French and Indian War. He was killed and his army defeated in a battle at the intersection of the Ohio, Allegheny, and Monongahela Rivers, known as the Battle of Fallen Timbers. After his death, his colonial second-in-command, Col. George Washington, temporarily lead the British forces.
Enlightenment
A new direction in the world of ideas climaxed by Newton's _Principia_, which described the theory of gravity. This was an investigation into narual law that could be understood through reason and explained through mathematics. Newton speculated that natural laws governed all things and reason could make people aware of natural laws.
indian removal act 1830
jacksons decision to move all idians west of mississippi river
1393. Election of 1952: candidates & issues
Republicans - Eisenhower/Nixon, Democrats - Adlai Stevenson Issues were conservatism and containment of Communism. Republicans won by a landslide.
John Foster Dulles
As Secretary of State. he viewed the struggle against Communism as a classic conflict between good and evil. Believed in containment and the Eisenhower doctrine.
Ghengis Khan
The title of Temujin when he ruled the Mongols (1206-1227). It means the 'universal' leader. He was the founder of the Mongol Empire.
Priests in Polynesian religion
intermediates btw gods & humans; gods of war & agriculture were common
Westernization of Russia
from 1697-1998 Peter the Great went on a tour of western europe to learn about their adminstration. when he returned he reformed the army by offering better pay and drafting peasants who served for life as professional soldiers. he provided forces with training and modern weapons. he had sristocrats learn math so they could calculate how to aim cannons. he redid the bureaucracy to facilitate tax collection and to make administration mor efficient. he also made aristocrats wear western closthes and clop off thier traditional beards.
1261. Declaration of Panama
1939 - Latin American governments drew a security line around the Western hemisphere and warned away foreign agressors.
The Gospel of Wealth
late 19th century, essay written by Andrew Carnegie that described the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.
796. George Washington Plunkitt
He was head of Tammany Hall and believed in "Honest Graft".
Jackson's victory at New Orleans
January, 1815 - A large British invasion force was repelled by Andrew Jackson's troops at New Orleans. Jackson had been given the details of the British army's battle plans by the French pirate, Jean Laffite. About 2500 British soldiers were killed or captured, while in the American army only 8 men were killed. Neither side knew that the Treaty of Ghent had ended the War of 1812 two weeks before the battle. This victory inspired American nationalism.
Poor Richard's Almanack, first published 1732
Written by Benjamin Franklin, it was filled with witty, insightful, and funny bits of observation and common sense advice (the saying, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise," first appeared in this almanac). It was the most popular almanac in the colonies.
in Karl Barth's "Epistle to the Romans" he
attacked liberal Christian theology that embraced idea of progress
how did the indian caste system serve as a political institution
enforced rules about social behavior
73. Merchants / Markets
A market is the area or group of people which needs a product. Colonial merchants took goods produced in the colonies to areas of the world that needed those goods. Also, the colonies served as a market for other countries’ goods.
The Radical Phase of the French Revolution
1792:France at war with Austria and Prussia. rioting and street figthing in paris led to fall of Legislative Assembly.
1345. Fall of China, Mao Tse-Tung (Mao Zedong)
Mao Tse-Tung led the Communists in China. Because of the failure to form a coalition government between Chiang Kai-Shek and the Communists, civil war broke out in China after WWII. The Communists won in 1949, but the new government was not recognized by much of the world, including the U.S.
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