AP World History Review 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
boers settle
South africa
Navigational instrument for determining latitude
Roman Republic
- - -
first pharaoh to build pyramids
Extensive Mesoamerican culture that made great advances in astronomy in areas such as their famous calendar
The Perfectionist Utopian movement began in New York. People lived in a commune and shared everything, even marriages. Today, the town is known for manufacturing silverware.
New Deal
Civilian Conservation Corps, Works Progress Admin.: gave work for the unemployed (building schools, roads)
Balfour Declaration
British ministers Lord Balfour's promise of support for the establishment of Jewish settlement in Palestine issued in 1917
Frederick Douglass
Escaped black abolitionist, His autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, depicted his remarkable struggle and his origins, as well as his life.
Cold War
The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.
capital city of the Incan Empire
Major trading state during its antiquity. Lived across from the red sea on the southern arabian peninsula.
River town that was administrative center of Egyptian aythority in Sudan
Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire. (p. 556)
Agreements with European powers that gave European bankers and merchants unfair advantages in the Empire
The name for England's law-making body
Wilmot Proviso
Fateful amendment that stated slavery will not exist in territory from Mexico. It was another North vs. South battle of the congress. Came to symbolize the issue of slavery in different territories.
Huge expense of maintaining and protecting a large empire, combined with poor leadership and epidemics
Internal Decay
May Fourth movement
Resistance to Japanese encroachments in China began on this date in 1919; spawned movement of intellectuals aimed at transforming China into a liberal democracy; rejected Confucianism.
762. Pools
Agreement between railroads to divide competition. Equalization was achieved by dividing traffic.
People who want change in state, religion, politics etc.
Depression of 1819
Caused by decreased agricultural demand, was really a sort of agricultural depression.
1848 Rebellions
France-would ingnte the Rev.rise of censorship and political groups
Prussia- King made a constitution: Allowed personal rights, freedom of the press, bicameral legislature, adult male universal suffrage for lower house.
Austria- ationalists wanted to break from the Austrian Empire, With help from Russians, the Emperor was back in power in Vienna and had put down the rebellions
Germany-Unified German State
Italy- against the Austrian Empire led to a call for a war of unification, headed by nationalism and was easily defeated by the Austrian forces assembled.
pastoral nomadism
Herding animals while moving from place to place
Yin and yang
In Daoist belief, complementary factors that help to maintain the equilibrium of the world. One is associated with masculine, light, and active qualities while the other with feminine, dark, and passive qualities.
Charles I
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland; power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War from 1642-1648 in which he was defeated; beheaded in 1649
Blaise Diagne
Senegalese political leader. He was the first African elected to the French National Assembly. During World War I, in exchange for promises to give French citizenship to Senegalese, he helped recruit Africans to serve in the French army. (809)
Rough Riders
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
Neutrality Proclamation
Washington's declaration that the U.S. would not take sides after the French Revolution touched off a war between France and a coalition consisting primarily of England, Austria and Prussia. Washington's Proclamation was technically a violation of the Franco-American Treaty of 1778.
The __________ is the most important text of Daoism
Marco Polo
Venetian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.
Virtual Representation
English concept that Members of Parliament represented the entire empire, not just a local constituency and its voters. According to it, settlers were represented in Parliament the same way nonvoting subjects in Britain were. Colonists accepted it for nonvoting settlers within their colonies but rejected it to describe their relationship with Parliament.
Benjamin Franklin
Leading spirit of the Albany Congress
the practice or condition of having more than one spouse, esp. wife, at one time.
Bank War
the name given to Andrew Jackson's attack on the Second Bank of the United States during the early years of his presidency. Andrew Jackson viewed the Bank of the United States as a monopoly. The Bank of the United States was a private institution managed by a board of directors. Its president, Nicholas Biddle, exercised vast influence in the nation's financial affairs.
Pequot War
The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
Francesco Petrarch
a humanist poet who proclaimed a revival of the classical Greco-Roman tradition he felt had for centuries lain buried under the rubble of the Middle Ages.
When was the Chinese influence on Japan most profound?
Heian period
Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
proclaimed the government neutrality in the widening conflict but sternly warned the American citizens to be impartial toward both armed camps. Proved to be a major prop of spreading isolation tradition
a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages
Philip II
self appointed foe of the Protestant Reformation
The Promise of American Life was a manifesto of progressive beliefs T or F
steam engine
A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable one in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. It was then applied to machinery.
kill off or remove a large proportion of a group of people, animals, or things
Ex: Native Populations were decimated by Portuguese conquerors, falling victim to superior technology and new diseases. (B.211)
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts
Alexander the Great
conquered the Persian empire. Divided territory into three realms: Antigonid, Ptolemaic, and Seleucid. Hellenism thrived even though it wasnt a native greek ruler. Economies were revived through trade. Empire crubled after Alexander the Great and the romans rose.
Loose Construction
belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit
Plessy v Ferguson
1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
the fourth caliph of Islam who is considered to be the first caliph by Shiites
1510. Medicare
Enacted in 1965 - provided, under Social Security, for federal subsidies to pay for the hospitalization of sick people age 65 and over.
a material on which to write, prepared from thin strips of the pith of this plant laid together, soaked, pressed, and dried, used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans (Phoenicians imported it).
Dwight Eisenhower
Supreme cmomander of the Allied forces on D-Day* he later became the 34th president
Crittenden Amendment/ Compromise
An effort by Senator James Henry Crittenden of Kentucky to appease south. Slavery in the territories was prohibited north of 36 and 30. Was rejected by Lincoln because he completely opposed the expansion of slavery.
most-favored-nation status
A clause in a commercial treaty that awards to any later signatories all the privileges previously granted to the original signatories. (p. 686)
social hierarchy
any system of persons or things ranked one above another
A group or class of persons or a member of such a group or class, enjoying superior intellectual, social, or economic status.
Italian Renaissance
the early period when Italy was the center of the Renaissance
In which polis did women have the most freedom?
Kingdom of Kongo
Basin of the Congo (Zaire) river, conglomeration of several village alliances, participated actively in trade networks, most centralized rule of the early Bantu kingdoms, royal currency: cowries, ruled 14th-17th century until undermined by Portuguese slave traders
Mansa Kankan Musa
Ruler of Mali (r. 1312-1337). His pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca in 1324-1325 established the empire's reputation for wealth in the Mediterranean world. (p. 376)
the aztecs
also known as the mexica, they built they're civilization in current -day mexico with Tenochtitlan as their capital. they dominated all the areas around them, but allowed the areas they conquered to govern themselves. Women mostly worked in the home. The aztec religious system was tied to the military because they took people from the areas they conquered as human sacrifices.
Bicameral Legislature
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
Theodore Roosevelt
Former President - Served as head of the Republican Party - known as the trust buster - served in the Spanish-American War - started square deal
272. Report on Manufactures
A document submitted to Congress, which set up an economic policy to encourage industry.
Sunni vs. Shiite
Sunni the largest division of Islam. Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of succession of the first four caliphs., in contrast to the Shiite rejection of the first three as usurpers.Shiites, the second largest branch of Islam, Shiites currently account for 10%-15% of all Muslims. Shiite Islam originated as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the rightful leader of the Islamic state. The legitimacy of this claim, as initially envisioned by Ali's supporters, was based on Muhammad's alleged designation of Ali as his successor, Ali's righteousness, and tribal customs, given his close relation to the Prophet.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
Mass. Supreme Court ruled that labor unions were not illegal conspiracy, as long as they protested peacefully
The missouri compromise
missouri entered the union as a slave state and Maine entered the union as a free state, balancing congress
Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN)
the Algerian organization that fought a bloody guerilla war for freedom against France
Carter's Energy Plan
(JEC) 1979, he wanted cut down on foregin oil supports and on American reliance on petroleum, alternate sources he wanted were solar poewr and synthetic gasoline, also (1) commit funds to develop alternative enrgy sources through windfall taxes, but sadly none of these happened.
Calhoun resigns as vice-president
1832 - Calhoun, from South Carolina, wrote the doctrine of nullification, expressing his views in support of states' rights. His views were so disputed and so different from Jackson's that Calhoun resigned and was appointed senator in South Carolina to present their case to Congress.
John Rolfe
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Homestead Act
160 acres of land to anyone who would pay $10, live on land for 5 years, cultivate and improve it
stock exchange
A place where shares in a company or business enterprise are bought and sold. (p. 460)
Sugar Act (1764)
Tax on sugar that was meant to raise revenue and halt illegal sugar trade; harmed colonial economy during time of depression; established admiralty courts to try smugglers.
huanghe or yellow river basin
site of the development of sedentary agriculture in china
Insular Cases
1901 - 1903
A series of Supreme Court rulings that ruled that the constitution did not follow the flag, i.e. citizens of conquered lands did not necessarily gain American citizenship.
"the SHOUT heard round the world"
The Declaration of Independence was known as
What is civil disobedience? What was the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Civil disobedience is to protest without violence in ways like sit-ins. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was when blacks in Montgomery stopped riding the buses.
175. Richard Henry Lee’s Resolution of June 7, 1776
Stated that the colonies should be independent and sever all political ties with Britain. It was adopted by Congress and was the first step towards independence.
what was the result of inter-clan rivalries
it weakened the bedouin in comparison to neighboring peoples and empires
the influence of both Hindu and Buddhist traditions
The design of the Khmer temples at Angkor Thom and Angkor Wat show
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