AP World History Terms 11 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
German Athens
Thomas Malthus
Eighteenth-century English intellectual who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production. (p. 867)
Ancient civilization (1200-1500AD) that was located in the Andes in Peru
A nineteenth- and twentieth-century ideology supporting individualism,
political freedom, constitutional government, and (in the nineteenth century) laissez-faire
economic policies.
Yat-sen Head of Revolutionary Alliance, organization that led 1911 revolt against Qing dynasty in China; briefly elected president in 1911, but yielded in favor of Yuan Shikai in 1912; created Nationalist party of China (Guomindang) in 1919; died in 1925.
The Hallucinogenic conception that produced a sensation of power & divine inspiration is...
leadership or predominant influence exercised by one nation over others, as in a confederation.
Location where America prevented Japan from getting a stranglehold, rescuing Czech troops, and snatching military supplies from Bolshevik control
huge state-run and slave-worked farms in ancient Rome
urban society in Mexico (1400-1200 BCE)
Mongol capital of Yuan dynasty; present-day Beijing.
Date: Glorious Revolution / English Bill of Rights
In medieval Europe, an agricultural laborer legally bound to a lord's property and obligated to perform set services for the lord. In Russia some serfs worked as artisans and in factories; serfdom was not abolished there until 1861. (pp. 254, 553)
John Locke
Father of Liberalism. Enlightened mind...Declaration of Independence
the diffusion of Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean world after the conquest of Alexander the Great.
number of bullets in Jackson's body
receding or withdrawing; in economics, a period of economic contraction, sometimes limited in scope or duration
cottage industries
Weaving, sewing, carving, and other small-scale industries that can be done in the home. The laborers, frequently women, are usually independent. (p. 353)
Stolypin Reforms
peasants gained some freedom of redemption payments
holy wars launched to forcibly spread the Muslim faith
Daniel Webster
Whig political leader who is remembered for his speaking abilities and as a defender of national unity.
The economic system of large financial institutions-banks, stock exchanges, investment companies-that first developed in early modern Europe. Commercial capitalism, the trading system of the early modern economy. (506)
Chester A. Arthur
1881-1885, Republican, Civil Service Reform, merit system
Harry American president from 1945 to 1952; less eager for smooth relations with the Soviet Union than Franklin Roosevelt; authorized use of atomic bomb during World War II; architect of American diplomacy that initiated the cold war.
Jeffersonian Republic
limited power of central government, Democratic Republicans,Louisiana Purchase (uncharacter-like), embargo act
as originally ratified, the constitution provided for
an electoral college
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990
Whiskey Rebellion
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey, and several federal officers were killed in the riots caused by their attempts to serve arrest warrants on the offenders. In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
Roger Williams
Land should be bought from Indians
William Penn
Penn, an English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance.
Connecticut Compromise
advocated by Roger Sherman, proposed two independently-voting senators per state and representation in the House based on population
1690 - The first permanent settlement in the Carolinas, named in honor of King Charles II. Much of the population were Huguenot (French Protestant) refugees.
Common characteristics of early civilization
Economic surpluses,
social stratification
labor specialization
large cities
recording systems
political and cultural leadership
james buchanan
15th president of the U.S. 1857–61.
(William Hope) Harvey
Author/artist of the tract "Coin's Financial School" which promoted free silver.
John Peter Zenger
Journalist who questioned the policies of the governor of New York in the 1700's. He was jailed; he sued, and this court case was the basis for our freedom of speech and press. He was found not guilty.
Explain the Atlantic Charter.
Roosevelt and Churchill discussed war's purposes
1567. Amnesty
A general pardon by which the government absolves offenders, President Carter offered amnesty of Americans who had fled to other countries to avoid the draft for the Vietnam War.
First born son inherits the land or estate.
Bruce Barton
a leader of the advertising industry and author of a new interpretation on Christ in The Man Nobody Knows
Based on the idea of lords granting land to vassals for help in governing.
Sugar Act 1764
taxed colonial imports from the Spanish and French west Indies.
Quartering Act
March 24, 1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
African National Congress
An organization dedicated to obtaining equal voting and civil rights for black inhabitants of South Africa; Founded in 1912; led by Nelson Mandela
Admiralty Courts
trial where there is no jury- defendant was assumed to be guilty
William the Conqueror
invaded England from Normandy and extended tight feudal system to England with centralized monarchy
began rule in 320 CE; produced a greater impact than Mauryan Dynasty; intermarried & negotiated w/ local princes to expand influence; Huns overturned them in 535 CE; claimed appointment by gods & supported Hinduism b/c Hindu's believed in such gods; demanding taxation system; promoted Sanskrit; uniform law codes; sponsored general services (i.e. road building...); "Golden Age" in Indian history; Indian drama flourished; important work in science & math; vast university center; important discoveries in astronomy & medicine; art moved from realistic portrayals of the human form to stylized representation;
90. Second Great Awakening
emphasis on personal salvation, emotional response, and individual faith; women and blacks; nationalism (Manifest Destiny)
kitchen cabinet
informal group of friends who adivised jackson during his administration/ aj believed that the official cabinets main function was to carry out his orders/ included secretary of state martin van buren, secretary of war john eaton, and francis blair of washington globe/ followed the adivece of his friends rather that that of this offical cabinet, which was reorganized for following the eaton affair in 1831.
John Dewey
- philosopher who taught at University of Chicago & Columbia- led campaign to transfrom educational ideas- just & harmonious societies can be built thru applying scientific method to social prob- "Democracy and Education"
Battle of Concord
"the shot heard around the world"
Republican Party
In 1854, it formed from the antislavery Whigs and Democrats, the Free-Soilers and various other groups. Ran Lincoln in 1860 and won.
Member of a prominent family of the Mongols' Jagadai Khanate, Timur through conquest gained control over much of Central Asia and Iran. He consolidated the status of Sunni Islam as orthodox, and his descendants, the Timurids, maintained his empire. (
Sussex Pledge
(WW) , A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning, Germany block promise
Spanish Armada
the massive fleet of ships sent by King Phillip II to fight the English. The English won, which weakened Spain and began England's rise to naval dominance.
Venezuelan Boundary Dispute 1895-6
Gunboat Diplomacy part of boundary dispute, we set the Venezuelan boarder where Venezuela wants it, dispute with Great Britain.
Qin Dynasty
dynasty in which the Great Wall of China came about; very short empire (little longer than a decade)
Jane Addams
Hull House, bettering the lives of the poor
Eastern Front
Battle fought from the Baltic to the Balkans. included Russia, Germany, A-H, and Balkan nations
Zimmerman telegraph
a telegraph sent by Germany to Mexico that encouraged Mexico to help Germany fight against the US if they entered war and in return Germany would help Mexico get their land back from the US; intercepted by Britain and given to the United States and became a factor in inciting the United States involvement in WWI
The side of an army, where it is vulnerable to attack.
Pequot War
1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
Leakey (family)
spent most of life searching for the fossilized remains of early hominids in east Africa
Battle of Saratoga
1777 in Saratoga, New York. General Gates of America beat General Burgoyne of Britain. Britain would have probably won, but General Howe abandoned him to go to Philadelphia. This battle convinced France to support America's war effort.
Of Plymouth Plantation
the book William Bradford wrote about life at the Plymouth colony
Military Base Closing
(WJC) 70 major bases were closed by Congress, politicians have no control
1360. Hungarian Revolt
1956 - Hungary tried to overthrow the Communist government, partly encouraged by the U.S. The rebellion was quickly crushed.
Soil bank program
paid farmers to non use land, goal: decrease farm production to increase cost/income
Calhoun resigns as vice-president
1832 - Calhoun, from South Carolina, wrote the doctrine of nullification, expressing his views in support of states' rights. His views were so disputed and so different from Jackson's that Calhoun resigned and was appointed senator in South Carolina to present their case to Congress.
ferdinand magellan
in 1519, he sailed around the tip of south america to the pacific ocean for portugal. he made it as far as the philippinesm where he diedl his crew continued, however, and became the first to circumnavigate the globe.
16th Amendment (1913)
congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states and without regard to any census or enumeration
948. Cleveland and Hawaii
President Cleveland did not want to forcibly annex Hawaii, so he waited five years to do so. McKinley finally did it. Cleveland felt the annexation overstepped the federal government's power.
Espionage Act and Sedition Act
Brought forth under the Wilson administration, they stated that any treacherous act or draft dodging was forbidden, outlawed disgracing the government, the Constitution, or military uniforms, and forbade aiding the enemy.
874. Civil Rights cases
1883 - These state supreme court cases ruled that Constitutional amendments against discrimination applied only to the federal and state governments, not to individuals or private institutions. Thus the government could not order segregation, but restaurants, hotels, and railroads could. Gave legal sanction to Jim Crow laws.
The Church of England
Founded in 1534 by King Henry VIII when he wated to divorce his wife but the Pope wouldn't let him
judiciary act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system. The act managed to quiet popular apprehensions by establishing in each state a federal district court that operated according to local procedures., law providing for the Supreme Court with 6 justices, 3 circuit courts and 13 district courts
Federal Trade Commision Act (1914)
Created the Federal Trade Commision to monitor business practices, false adversing, and dishonest labeling
1110. Article 10 (Article X) of the Versailles Treaty
Created the League of Nations.
1094. Eugene V. Debs imprisoned
Debs repeatedly ran for president as a socialist, he was imprisoned after he gave a speech protesting WWI in violation of the Sedition Act.
1520. Governor George Wallace of Alabama
1968 - Ran as the American Independent Party candidate in the presidential election. A right- wing racist, he appealed to the people's fear of big government and made a good showing.
Who was Mother Ann?
She was a cook in England who had a vision aout Christ and how Adam and Eve had been banished from the Garden of Eden because of sexual lust. Brining her ideals to Albany, New York, she established a church that soon became home to the "shaking quakers" or shakers
881. Plessy v. Ferguson, "Separate but equal"
1886 - Plessy was a black man who had been instructed by the NAACP to refuse to ride in the train car reserved for blacks. The NAACP hoped to force a court decision on segregation. However, the Supreme Court ruled against Plessy and the NAACP, saying that segregated facilities for whites and blacks were legal as long as the facilities were of equal quality.
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