AP World History two vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
St. Methodius
Gener roles: Maya
Socialists advocated government protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries. This ideology led to the founding of socialist or labor parties in the late 1800s. (709)
social organization created by exchanging grants of land or fiefs in return for formal oaths of allegiance and promises of loyal service
Barry Goldwater
unsuccessful presidential candidate against lyndon johnson in 1964; he called for dismantling the New Deal, escalation of the war in Vietnam and the status quo on civil rights. many see his as the grandfather of the conservative movement of the 1980s
Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali empire; eventually spread throughout much of West Africa
Classical Greek Athenian Philosopher. 469 B.C.E. to 399 B.C.E. Scientific method developed by this person is one in which you ask many questions. Teacher of Plato.
Western name for the Chinese philosopher Kongzi (551-479 B.C.E.). His doctrine of duty and public service had a great influence on subsequent Chinese thought and served as a code of conduct for government officials.(p. 62)
Americans during the Revolution who remained loyal to England
popular culture
Entertainment spread by mass communications and enjoying wide appeal. (p. 897)
members of a powerful, conservative oligarchy that controlled the south soon after the Civil War; also a term for aristocrats; these people were also referred to as Redeemers
supporters of Jewish nationalism and movement to Palestine
Ancient Rome
Geographically isolated - protected from outsiders. Also at a crossroad so it was a perfect location for trade. Social structure comprised of patricians (land owning nobles), plebians (everyone else), and slaves. Government made up of the Senate and the Assembly. Were a republic instead of a democracy, so the people elected representatives instead of voting on everything. Used two consuls. Law code = Twelve Tables of Rome . Centered on pater familias - eldest males in the family.
Descendents of spanish and mexican conquerors who once ruled california
Herbert Hoover
head of the Food Administration
a large corporation with operations and subsidiaries in several countries.
Two categories of social identity of great importance in Indian history. Varna are the four major social divisions: the Brahmin priest class, the Kshatriya warrior/administrator class, the Vaishya merchant/farmer class, and the Shudra laborer class. (177)
Aztec empire
Central American empire constructed by the Mexica and expanded greatly during the fifteenth century during the reigns of Itzcoatl and Motecuzoma I.
A region of the United States generally considered to stretch across the South and Southwest that has seen substantial population growth in recent decades, partly fueled by a surge in retiring baby boomers who migrate domestically, as well as the influx of immigrants, both legal and illegal.
Rough Riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
In China, the class of prosperous families, next in wealth below the rural aristocrats, from which the emperors drew their administrative personnel. (166)
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
Government by a small group of elites.
Robert Fulton
(1765-1815) An American engineer and inventor who developed the first useful submarine and torpedo (1800) and produced the first practical steamboat, the Clermont (1807). (not in book, sounds right)
invaded and destroyed Babylon by 1500 BCE; used iron in weapons; military superpower
Missouri Compromise
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
Succession of rulers belonging to the same family
de Soto
discovered the Mississippi River and mistreated the Indians
Menes (Narmer)
3100 B.C.E.
brought unified rule to Egypt
was an ambitious mino offical from southern Egypt who rose to power & extended authority north & into the delta.
he founded the city of Memphis
also known as Narmer
A genre of popular music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles
Lead a slave revolt in Haiti
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Palmer Raids
early 20th century, series of controversial raids by U.S. Justice & Immigration departments on the radical left in the U.S.
who was the founder of the tang dynasty
Ostend Manifesto
(FP) 1854, a declaration (1854) issued from Ostend, Belgium, by the U.S. ministers to England, France, and Spain, stating that the U.S. would be justified in seizing Cuba if Spain did not sell it to the U.S., found out, Pierce repudiated
Name the area of the Philippines that the Spanish were able to conquer.
Founded c. 1325 on marshy island in Lake Texcoco;became part of the Aztec power; joined with Tlacopan and Texcoco in 1434 to form a triple alliance that controlled most of central plateau of Mesoamerica
the lowest group of people in the caste system; they were deemed the most impure because of their work: butchers, gravediggers, collecters of trash; it was believed that eaven their touch endangered the ritual purity of others
Kansas-Nebraska Act
split the territory into 2 sections, slave state Kansas and free state Nebraska. And called for the repeal of the Missouri Compromise.
Genet Affair
(GW), refused to give aid Washington objected to this French ministers plan to hire American Privateers to fight on the high seas for France and against England.
Mang Member of 1 of the powerful families related to the Han emperors through marriage; temporarily overthrew the Han between 9 and 23 c.e.
1925 locarno agreement-
This political agreement ensured peace between the great nations. It included settled boundaries between countries and it ensured internvention from Britain and France if any one country starts to attack. This gave security and stability.
who first brought slaves to the americas under an asiento or license?
the netherlands
mass deportation
Removal of entire peoples used as terror tactic by Assyrian and Persian Empires. (95)
One of the main sources of information we have about the Silk Road comes from this Chinese Buddhist pilgrim who traveled the Silk Road around 400 C.E. and wrote about his journey
island, now N. Carolina (OBX); est. by Sir Walter Raleigh; send 120 colonists over (WIN!); ships --> England 1587; 1588 = Spanish Armada; years before supplies arrive; everyone gone = "lost colony"; houses there, no people (wtf?!); theory? "CRO" carved in tree (Indian tribe); starving? attack? lesson learned: bring more supplies for future.
hinton helper
a Southern critic of slavery during the 1850s who wrote a book entitled The Impending Crisis of The South The book put forth the notion that slavery hurt the economic prospects of non-slaveholders, and was an impediment to the growth of the entire region of the South.
money in the form of coins usually gold or silver
fourteen points
among them was the establishment of the league of nations. war aims.
Edmund Genet
Insisted the US should help France fight against England. He tried to get Americans to disobey Neutrality Proc. and was thrown out of America
Andrew Johnson
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
a social group limited to persons of the same rank, occupation, economic position, etc.
Woodrow Wilson
American President during WWI - had 14 point plan - key figure in League of Nations
alexander the great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Boston Massacre
In 1770, a group of Boston colonists began throwing rocks and snowballs at British soldiers; scuffling ensued and the panicking soldiers fired, killing five people; dramatized by resistance leaders.
Panama Canal
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America. The United States turned the canal over to Panama on Jan 1, 2000 (746)
James Madison's Party*
VP - George Clinton, Elbridge Gerry, SS - James Monroe
Panic of 1819
The first major financial crisis in the United States, which occurred during the end of the Era of Good Feelings.
James Meredith
First black student to be enrolled at University of Mississippi; ordered by federal court; troops restored order after protesting broke out.
Federalists and Antifederalists
Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const
Pickney's Treaty
an agreement between the U.S. and and Spain that changed the borders of Florida to make it easier for American ships to make it to the New Orland Port
Fall of Czechoslovakia
Their fall into Communism by Soviet influence.
after civil war triumphs
withdrawal of French and (archduke Maximilian) from Mexico;
312. Spanish intrigue in the Southwest
During the late 1700s/early 1800s Spain was exploring and settling the region which is now the Southwest U.S. The Spanish used the Indians of Florida and Georgia as spies and encouraged the tribes to raid U.S. settlements, which contributed to the outbreak of the War of 1812 . Zebulon Pike used his expedition to the West as an opportunity to spy on the Spanish and map out their land.
James K. Polk
Came up with the Independent Treasury System to maintain government funds with minimum risk.
- President known for promoting Manifest Destiny
Massachusettes Bay Colony
Plymouth merged w/ it, they wanted to be a harmonious community of ppl who agreed to work together
866. Carry A. Nation (1846-1901)
A prohibitionist. She believed that bars and other liquor-related businesses should be destroyed, and was known for attacking saloons herself with a hatchet.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Outlined a plan for surveying western territories into 36 square mile townships along east-west and north-south lines. Each township was subdivided into 36 lots or sections that were exactly one mile square. It stamped a rectangular pattern on much of western American's surface. They were sold to pay off America's debt
Geraldine Ferraro
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
a way of life in which men and women withdraw from the rest of the world in order to devote themselves to their faith
Miranda v. Arizona
A landmark 5-4 decision of the United States Supreme Court. The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant not only understood these rights, but voluntarily waived them. This had a significant impact on law enforcement in the United States, by making what became known as the Miranda rights part of routine police procedure to ensure that suspects were informed of their rights.
187. Robert Morris (1734-1806)
A delegate to the Second Continental Congress. He agreed that Britain had treated the colonies unfairly, but he didn’t believe that the colonies should dissolve ties with Britain. He argued against the Declaration of Independence.
Silk Road
- a series of roads and trails between China and western countries- promoted trade of chinese silk for western goods such as olives- hard to follow unless you had a guide
365. Hartford Convention, resolution
December 1814 - A convention of New England merchants who opposed the Embargo and other trade restriction, and the War of 1812. They proposed some Amendments to the Constitution and advocated the right of states to nullify federal laws. They also discussed the idea of seceding from the U.S. if their desires were ignored. The Hartford Convention turned public sentiment against the Federalists and led to the demise of the party.
King Philip's War
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Continental System (Berlin & Milan Decrees)
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
664. Texas v. White
1869 - Argued that Texas had never seceded because there is no provision in the Constitution for a state to secede, thus Texas should still be a state and not have to undergo reconstruction.
619. Hinton Helper, The Impending Crisis of the South
Hinton Helper of North Carolina spoke for poor, non-slave-owing Whites in his 1857 book, which as a violent attack on slavery. It wasn't written with sympathy for Blacks, who Helper despised, but with a belief that the economic system of the South was bringing ruin on the small farmer.
Who created the theory of Evolution? Where did he or she discover it?
Charles Darwin; on the Galapagos islands
Why did Britain begin exporting opium to China?
To get a better balance of trade
List the 7 reasons why Best-Laid Plans fail to be implemented.
1. Program Design
2. Lack of Clarity
3. Lack of Resources
4. Administrative Routine
5. Administrative Dispositions
6. Fragmentation
Which of the following was true about Teotihuacán?
It met its demise due to unexplained reasons.
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