AP World History Vocabulary for 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Prince Vladimir
...
Baron de Montesquieu
...
Election of 1792
George Washington
vikings
seagoing scandinavian raiders who disrupted coastal areas of western europe
Americanization
America's ability to direct international cultural change
Inflation
Occurred after the American Revolution; value of currency decreased and prices increased; what drove the farmers in Shay's Rebellion to rebel
Telegraph
The invention that revolutionized communication during the Industrial Revolution.
Serfs
Agricultural workers who received some protection from owners of manor
Plato
Socrates disciple, may represent the first generation to be truly literate.
Tojo
Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II, he was subsequently tried and executed as a war criminal (1884-1948)
corollary
A secondary inference or deduction from a main proposition that is taken as established or proven.
Jacksonian Democracy
Stronger executive branch, anti-bank, universal manhood suffrage, Present day Democratic Party (liberal)
papacy
The central administration of the Roman Catholic Church, of which the pope is the head. (pp. 258, 445)
Mao Zedong
Communist leader in revolutionary China; advocated rural reform and role of peasantry in Nationalist revolution; influenced by Li Dazhao; led Communist reaction against Guomindang purges in 1920s, culminating in Long March of 1934; seized control of all of mainland China by 1949; initiated Great Leap Forward in 1958.
Umayyad
Clan of Quraysh that dominated politics and commercial economy of Mecca; clan later able to establish dynasty as rulers of Islam. (p. 281)
Francis Scott Key
Wrote the Star Spangle Banner
expansion
the act or process of expanding.
Revolutions of 1848
Democratic and nationalist revolutions that swept across Europe. The monarchy in France was overthrown. In Germany, Austria, Italy, and Hungary the revolutions failed. (p. 595)
League of Nations
International organization founded in 1919 to promote world peace and cooperation but greatly weakened by the refusal of the United States to join. It proved ineffectual in stopping aggression by Italy, Japan, and Germany in the 1930s.
Mercantilism
wealth based on ownership of precious metals (gold and silver); included development of colonies; believed that wealth was finite (in other words, if you get wealthy it's at someone else's expense)
Charles W. Eliot
President of Harvard, young chemist
Mandate System
Allocation of former German colonies and Ottoman possessions to the victorious powers after World War I, to be administered under League of Nations supervision. (p. 770)
Tet Offensive
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)
the Allies
After WWI, United States, Britain, {Japan}, France, Western powers who defeated Germany and dictated terms of treaty of Versailles.
theocracy
a government ruled by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as being divinely guided
railroads
Networks of iron (later steel) rails on which steam (later electric or diesel) locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds. First railroads were built in England in the 1830s. Success caused a railroad building boom lasting into the 20th Century (704)
Zaibatsu
Large industrial firms in Japan owned by a handful of elite families
Hernando Cortes
was the conquistadore who overthrew the Aztec Empire
epidemic disease
any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people.
Bartolomeu Dias
Portugese explorer who sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa.
Andrew Mellon
Secretary of the Treasury under Harding; "the greatest secretary of the treasury since Hamilton"
Francis Cabot Lowell
co-founder of Lowell, Boston Manufacturing Company, all processes under one roof
Rama
Major figure in the popular Indian epic Ramayana
Trireme
What was the symbol of Athenian navy success?
Panay Incident
(FDR) Dec. 12, 1937, The Panay incident was when Japan bombed a American gunboat that was trying to help Americans overseas. This greatly strained U.S-Japanese relations and pushed the U.S further away from isolationism even though Japan apologized.
gospel of wealth
Philosophy asserted by Carnegie that the rich had to be philanthropic
Samuel Adams
Often called the "Penman of the Revolution" He was a Master propagandist and an engineer of rebellion. Though very weak and feeble in appearance, he was a strong politician and leader that was very aware and sensitive to the rights of the colonists. He organized the local committees of correspondence in Massachusetts, starting with Boston in 1772. These committees were designed to oppose British policy forced on the colonists by spreading propaganda.
what is the sahel
the grassland southof the sahara
Mao Tse-tung
lead communist movement in China. He was backed by USSR and began a revolution for control of Chinese gov. Containment didn't work here. The west refused to acknowledge Mao, made USSR mad so boycotted the U.N.
Federal Election Commission*
(GF) investigate alleged violations of the law
Shah-Nama
Written by Firdawsi in late 10th and early 11th centuries; relates history of Persia from creation to the Islamic conquests.
Karl Jasper
Was a philosopher, believed in modern existentialism, made it popular.
Compromise of 1850
California admitted as free state; territories of New Mexico and Utah were open to slavery(popular sovereignty); Fugitive Slave Law:Bloodhound Bill, fleeing slaves could not testify on behalf, Northerners who aided slaves were subject to fines and jailing.
loess
fine, light silt deposited by wind and water. It constitutes the fertile soil of the Yellow River Valley in northern China. Because loess soil is not compacted, easily worked, but it leaves the region vulnerable to earthquakes. (p.58)
ACLU
looked for laws that were unfair to challenge
Queen Elizabeth
queen of England in 1558; Protestant; Protestantism became dominant in England (increasing rivalry with Catholic Spain)
Enlightenment
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Schechter vs. US
"sick chicken decision", found NRA unconstitutional, a poultry business in Brooklyn raised and slaughtered all their chickens in state then sold it to someone else to sell, interstate commerce, NRA replaced by Wagner Act in second New Deal
flying coffins
Name given for airplanes during World War I, airplanes became increasingly used for delivering mail
The two major nonfarming industries of MA Bay
Fishing and Shipping
pagan
one of a people or community observing a polytheistic religion, as the ancient Romans and Greeks.
Boston Massacre
In March 1770, a crowd of colonists protested against British customs agents and the presence of British troops in Boston. Violence flared and five colonists were killed.
mama ocllo
daughter of inti who was the savior for the incas
205. Constitution: Legislature
One of the three branches of government, the legislature makes laws. There are two parts to the legislature: the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Great Western Schism
A division in the Latin (Western) Christian Church between 1378 and 1417, when rival claimants to the papacy existed in Rome and Avignon. (p. 411)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(HT) 1949, created in 1949 organization whose members include the US, Canada, most western european nations and turkey all of whom agreedd to combine military forces and to treat a war against one as a war against one as a war against all.
Great Awakening encouraged __________?
personal journey instead of guided religion
Carolina and Creole Affairs
A group of Canadian malcontents determined to free Canada from British rule made looting forays into Canada from an island being supplied by a ship from Carolina. The Canadians burned the vessel and killed an American on board. The Creole Affair involved slaves who mutinied and killed a crewman, then sailed to the Bahamas, where the British let them all go. The U.S. wanted the slaves back, but Britain refused. The ship stolen by the slaves was the Creole.
Imam
(Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque
Lord Baltimore
1694- He was the founder of Maryland, a colony which offered religious freedom, and a refuge for the persecuted Roman Catholics.
Hammer v Dagenhart (1918)
Supreme Court decision involving the power of Congress to enact child labor laws.
sanborn Contracts
1874 permitted a 50% commission to be paid for collecting back internal revenue claims
 
 
 
 
194. League of Armed Neutrality
 
 
 
 
Catherine I of Russia declared that the Russian navy would defend neutral trade throughout the world. They were not successful.
King Phillip's War ===>
Ended Native Americans' attempts to halt white expansion
Federal Emergency Relief Act
New Deal program that provided more funds to state and local relief
340. Toussaint L'Overture
1803 - Led a slave rebellion which took control of Haiti, the most important island of France's Caribbean possessions. The rebellion led Napoleon to feel that New World colonies were more trouble than they were worth, and encouraged him to sell Louisiana to the U.S.
"personal liberty laws"
were designed to protect the rights of alleged fugitive slaves by prohibiting state officials from assisting in their capture. Southerners complained that these laws made it impossible to return their escaped property and demanded a more stringent fugitive slave act.
Persian Influences on the Dar al-Islam
Administrative techniques; ideas of kingship (greatly influence caliphs); Persian, the language of literature, poetry, history, and political thought (for example, The Arabian Nights)
Marbury v Madison
Marbury asked Marshall for a writ of mandamus, Marshall claimed he did not have the power to do so; claimed the Judiciary Act of 1801 was unconstitutional; first time use of Judicial review
SC Ordinance of Secession
The Ordinance of Secession was the document drafted and ratified in 1860 and 1861 by the states officially seceding from the United States of America. Each state ratified its own ordinance of secession, typically by means of a specially elected convention or general referendum.
860. Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) An early leader of the women's suffrage (right to vote) movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stnaton in 1869.
GI Bill of Rights 
 

Designed to Do
Gave Veterans


Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944

Designed to forestall the expected recession by easing veterans back into the work force, and reward the "soldier boys" and reduce their fears of female competition
Gave veterans:priority for many jobs
occupational guidance
52 weeks of unemployment benefits
four years of further education 
226. Constitution: Separation of power
The powers of the government are divided between three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary.
greater pop growth in africa
what cause pop growth in third world
Strict vs. Loose interpretation of the Constitution
loose interpretation allowed for implied powers of Congress (such as the National Bank), strict interpretation implied few powers to Congress
649. Election of 1864: candidates, parties
Lincoln ran against Democrat General McClellan. Lincoln won 212 electoral votes to 21, but the popular vote was much closer. (Lincoln had fired McClellan from his position in the war.)
688. Secretary of State Hamilton Fish
A member of the Grant administration, he was an able diplomat who peacefully settled conflicts with Great Britain through the Treaty of Washington.
Europeans colonized Africa and set boundaries without reference to ethnic groups or cultural homogeneity
Why have ethnic rivalries and communal violence been endemic in decolonized African states?
Authority of the 3 dynasties came from
Personal piety and military prowess of the rulers
pg. 886
PS
John F Kennedy
He is claimed to be one of the best presidents of our time, he made the flexible response plan for Cold War. He became involved in Vietnam
He was an advocate for alot of reform in social areas, he supported alot of civil rights and was most notorious for attempting to pass the Civil rights bill
the Holy Roman Empire circa 1450 - 1750
lost parts of Hungary to the Ottoman Turks in the early sixteenth century, the thirty years wat devastated the region and significantly weakened the role o the holy roman emperors inthe section of the ottoman empire. by the eighteenth century, the northern german city-states, especially Prussia, were gaining momentum and power.
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