AP World History: : The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, and Vietnam Flashcards

japan
Terms Definitions
Kami
Nature spirits of Japan.
Yorimoto
Founder of Kamakura Shogunate
Nguyen
Southern Vietnamese dynasty with capital at Hue that challenged northern Trinh dynasty with center at Hanoi.
Shoguns
Military leaders of the bakufu.
Sinification
Extensive adaptation of Chinese culture in other regions.
Kamakura
Yorimoto's capital during his shogunate, destroyed in 1331
significance: head of the true power of Japan
Silla
Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled united Korea by 668.
Heian
Japanese city later called Kyoto; built to escape influence of Buddhist monks.
Choson
Earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by the Han in 109 BCE.
Daimyo
Warlord rulers of small states following Onin War and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded ministates.
Bakufu
Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai
Seppuku
Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in West as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
Chams
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Khmers and Chams
Indianized Vietnamese peoples defeated by Northern government at Hanoi.
Tribute System
System in which people surrounding China sent emissaries who offered tribute to the Chinese emperor and acknowledged the superiority of the emperor and China.
Kinkakuji
The Golden Temple built by Ahikaga Yoshimitsu, built on a small lake near Kyoto in the 15th century, zan and shinto stress of simplicity
Minamoto
Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.
Kamakura Shogunate
The first of Japan's decentralized military governments., (12th-14th century) First shogun position instated after toppling the Fujiwara . Named after the home town of the first shogun of the Minamoto clan
Trinh
Dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533 to 1772; rivals of Nguyen family in South.
Samurai
Mounted troops of the bushi; loyal to local lords, not the emperor.
Kumsong
Capital of Korea in the Medieval Era modeled after the Chinese capital of Chang'an
Ryoanji Temple
Zen Buddhist temple (in Kyoto), design of garden consists of islands of volcanic rock set amidst white pebbles.
Ashikaga Shogunate
Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan, ; ruled from 1336 to 1573; destroyed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority
Nguyen Du
is a celebrated Vietnamese poet who wrote in Chữ Nôm, the ancient writing script of Việt Nam. He is most known for writing the epic poem The Tale of Kiều.
Celadon
Type of pottery having the a pale green glaze, originally produced in China. Chemically it is formed by combining chromium oxide, cadmium yellow, and titanium-zinc white. It was most commonly used in Korean art.
Mekong River
A major river that runs from southern China through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Betel nut
seed of betel palm (used as a stimulant in SE Asia), can mouth and throat cancer (addictive substance chewed in India and Vietnam, Chinese found repulsive.
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