APUSH 101 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Introduce, Create
Join Together, Unite
Jefferson Davis
president of the Confederacy
These communists organized a revolution in Russia to overthrow the tsar. The communist revolution caused Russia to pull out of WWI.
leaders: Emerson & Thoreau. "Civil Disobedience" : Written by Thoreau, we need to defy unjust laws and follow your conscience. Ideas: Asian and German influenced philosophies
Stono Rebellion

spanish officials promised freedom of american slaves who escaped to florida
inspired uprising of SC slaves
George Whitefield
anglican minister and famous revivalist from england/ Visited colonies seven times in 1740s and drew huge audiences with his spell binding services
"Bleeding Kansas"
Event in which popular sovereignty voted 50/50 on Kansas. Then there was a battle between the North and South on whether it was slave or free. It ended up being free.
a place of refuge and security, especially for the persecuted or unfortunate
detectives hired by employers to end strikes
Mercantilism was the geographic foundation of…?
Triangular trade system
William Penn
Prominent English Quaker. Founded the propriety colony of Pennsylvania (1681). Treated Indians fairly.
The candidate of the Constitutional Union party in the election of 1860 was:
John Bell.
James Madison
Nicknamed "the Father of the Constitution"; talented politician sent to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787; his notable contributions to the Constitution helped to convince the public to ratify it.
Calvin Coolidge

Winning the election as Harding's VP in the election of 1920, he was a mere counter to Harding's vivacious persona and was short-spoken, but because of his easily-relatable lifestyle, (like that of a middle-class, Protestant family) the public was confident enough to support his candidacy in the 1924 election following Harding's death. Coolidge would win by a landslide.
a state of society without government or law.
movement which pushed for laws on the restriction of alcohol
Common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresy in Massachusetts Bay
The Gaspee Incident
British schooner that accidentally ran aground in Providence, Rhode Island, a crowd from the town boarded the ship, removed the crew, and burned the ship, led to the creation of the Gaspee Commission, which bypassed Rhode Island courts
Site of critical World War II Soviet victory that reversed Germany's advance to the East. In late 1942, Russian forces surrounded the Germans, and on Feb. 2, 1943, the German Sixth Army surrendered. First major defeat for the Germans in World War II.
Lord North
PM who believed that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies; gave East India its tea monopoly and was behind the Coercive Acts
Judicial Review
Federalist idea that the Supreme Court has the last word on constitutionality.
Roosevelt Corollary
right of the United States to intervene to "stabilize" the economic affairs of small states in the Caribbean and Central America if they were unable to pay their international debts
Geneva Accords
a model permanent status agreement to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Social Darwinism
The idea that millionaires were the product of natural selection.
Sons of Liberty
Protest groups which formed throughout the colonies against British acts.
Townshend Acts (1767)
series of laws passed, which included small acts like the Paper Act and the Stamp Act
Monroe doctrine
policy of the United States that the United States would view Europe efforts to colonize the Americas as an act of aggression.
admiral degrass
had a profound effect on the outcome fo the battle of yorktown
Main Street and Babbit
Novels in which Sinclair Lewis attacked the materialism and narrow thinking of middle class business types in small town america
Church of England
Name given to the formally Catholic Churches in UK after English reformation. King in charge.
U.S. Sanitary Commission
Allowed Union women to contribute to war by becoming nurses and sanitary workers
Treaty of Greenville
1795 treaty between US and Indian tribes after Fallen Timbers. Ohio in exchange for US goods (alcohol)
Ku Klux Klan

 they were revived in the 1920’s to protect “native, white, Protestant supremacy.” They targeted Catholics and Jews now as well as blacks. They used arson, physical intimidation, and economic boycotts. It grew to 3 million members at the height of its popularity. (684)
Salutary Neglect
A period of time when the British did not enforce the Navigation Acts
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
1842, ruled that states need not aid in enforcing the 1793 law requiring the return of fugitive slaves to their owners, abolitionist won passage in several in several northern states of "personal liberty laws," which forbade state officials to assist in the capture and return of runaways.
"Relief, recovery, reform"
The first step in FDR's relief program was to establish the Civilian Conservation Corps in April, 1933. The chief measure designed to promote recovery was the National Industrial Recovery Act. The New Deal acts most often classified as reform measures were those designed to guarantee the rights of labor and limit the powers of businesses.
Guantanamo Bay
It was a naval station promised to the US by Cuba by the Platt Amendment.
Crop lien system
The crop-lien system was a way for farmers to get credit before the planting season by borrowing against the value for anticipated harvests
William H. Seward
1867 - An eager expansionist, he was the energetic supporter of the Alaskan purchase and negotiator of the deal often called "Seward's Folly" because Alaska was not fit for settlement or farming.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Springfield, Illinois riot
1908 - A riot broke out between blacks and whites over racial equality.
Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium
An abrupt end to the “phony war” came in April1940 when Hitler, again without warning, overran his weaker neighbors Denmark and Norway. the next month he attacked the Netherlands and Belgium
Schecter Poultry Corp. v. U.S.
May, 1935 - The U.S. Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional. It held that Condress had improperly delegated legislative authority to the National Industrial Recovery Administration and that the federal government had exceeded its jurisduction because Schecter was not engaged in interstate commerce.
Pacific Railroad Act
An act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes passed by Lincoln.
58. Which of the following statements accurately describes the Monroe Doctrine?
a. It caused an immediate change in the U.S. role in world affairs
b. It asserted the U.S. right to send troops into the countries of Latin America to provide political
c. It declared U.S. opposition to European intervention in the affairs of independent countries of Western Hemisphere
He proposed, through the Fair Deal, to continue and expand the aims of the New Deal.
What is a correct statement of Harry S.Truman?
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