APUSH 111 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Placid
Calm, Peaceful
16th Amendment
income tax
Quakers
Religious group persecuted in Massachusetts and New York but not in Pennsylvania
 
 
Appeasement
Appeasement of the dictators, symbolized by the ugly word Munich, turned out to be merely surrender on the installment plan. It was like giving a cannibal a finger in the hope of saving an arm.
Puritans
English Calvinists who sought a thorough cleansing from within the Church of England
Hawley-Smoot Tariff, 1930
Congressional compromise serving special interest, it raised duties on agricultural and manufactured imports. It may have contributed to the spread of the international depression.
Mercantilism
The relationship between a mother country and it's new land in which the mother country allows settlers on the new land in exchange for the raw goods found on the new land.
GI Bill


 In 1944, the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, or GI Bill of Rights, gave education, job training, medical care, pensions, and mortgage loans for men and women who had served in the army during WWII. This program was highly effective in the lives of veterans. It made higher education more easily attainable. (pg. 762)
Coxey's Army
Industrial workers, common man, and farmers (characters in Wizard of Oz) march to DC to get better things for workers and reform movements; it was a populist movement
King Philip
Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England's white colonists
Boss Tweed
corrupt political machine boss of Tammany Hall (NYC)
AFL
next major national labor union made up of almost only skilled workers
The "Sunbelt"
a 15-state area stretching from Virginia through Florida and Texas to Arizona and California,
George Whitefield
Anglican Protestant that helped spread Great Awakening in England
Copperheads
vocal group of democrats in the northern united states that opposed the civil war. wanted an imediate peace settlement with confederates.  some wore copper pennies as identifying badges.  save the Union.
Dwight Eisenhower


 
 p .770 commander of Allied troops at D-day
Peninsular Campaign
McClellan's attempt in the spring and summer of 1862 to capture Richmond by advancing up the Peninsula between the James and York Rivers; Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee drove his troops back.
Dawes Plan
US funded Germany in its reparation payments to the other countries
John Peter Zenger
Colonial printer whose case helped begin freedom of the press
 
 
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Alexander Hamilton’s famous economic plan he hoped would strengthen the economy included ALL EXCEPT: provisions for a national tariff, ,provisions for a national bank, assumption of the stats debts, funding the national debt, repudiation (rejection/refu
Repudiation (rejection/refusal) of revenue sharing
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
It was concluded withB Britain that the US could not exclusively control a canal cutting across North and South America.
Henry L. Stimson
American statesman, who served as Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and Governer-General of the Philippines. A conservative Republican, he is best known for managing the U.S. military as Secretary of War during WWII.
Committees of public safety
French commitee responsible for thousands of executions via guillotine during French Indian War
NW Ordinance
effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
Jay Gould
He made millions off the railroad stocks of the Erie,the Kansas Pacific, the Union Pacific, and the Texas and Pacific.
Dwight L. Moody
an American evangelist and publisher who founded the Moody Church, Northfield School and Mount Hermon School in Massachusetts, the Moody Bible Institute and Moody Publishers.
Treaty of Paris (1783)
Treaty which ends the Revolutionary War
Lowell System
Also known as the Waltham System, it was common in Massachusetts, this system enlisted young women, mostly farmers' daughters in their late teens and early twenties, many of these women worked for several years in the factories, saved their wages, and then returned home to marry and raise children. Others married men they met in factories of towns. Most eventually stopped working in the mills and took up domestic roles instead.
Cleveland and Hawaii
President Cleveland did not want to forcibly annex Hawaii, so he waited five years to do so. McKinley finally did it. Cleveland fleet the annexation overstepped the federal government's power.
Upton Sinclair
Wrote The Jungle 1906, it was an expose of the meat packing industry
Freedman's Bureau
1865, Agency set up aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom.
it furnished food and clothing to needy blacks and helped them get jobs
Indentured servants
People that paid off debts by slave labor rather than money.
 

TYLER ADMINISTRATION: FIGHT WITH CLAY AND CONGRESS

 
fiscal bank bill
another bank bill
another bank bill
tariff bill
western land
ALL VETOED BY TYLER
*congress passes bill, tyler vetoes, finally they start overriding his vetoes and prez has NO power and NO party
 
cabinet resigned (except webster)
whigs excommunicated tyler
Lincoln "tears" the constitution


took unconstitutional action but it was good cuz it ended up saving the union
congress wasnt scheduled to meet for 2 months so Lincoln has to do these things even tho they arent w/in his powers (1-3):
ordered the union blockade
increased size of army (called for volunteers)
took $2 mil from US treasury to pay for #1 and #2
suspended the writ of habeus corpus (right to be charged with a crime or let go and then appear before a court) -meant people could just go rot in jail
censured the newspapers (violation of first amendment) 
supervised border state elections- decide whose on the ballad (communism)
Fugitive Slave Law
Stated that if slaves run to the North, they are aloud to be taken back to the South
Treaty Of Versailles
Treaty of, 28 June 1919, the peace settlement imposed on Germany afterWORLD WAR I, drawn up at the Paris Peace Conference and signed near the French capital at Versailles.
Nuremberg trials
19 out of 22 German civil and military leaders were found guilty of "war crimes." 12 were sentenced to death, 3 to life sentences and the rest to five to twenty year sentences.
Aaron Burr
US senator from new york who ran for presidency
The Compromise of 1877:
allowed Rutherford B. Hayes to become president.
Gibbons v Ogden (1824)
Series of laws that limited slave rights; slave owners given the authority to impose harsh punishments and to control their slaves in a ny fashion they sought; prohibited slaves from ownging weapons, beecoming educated, metting with other Aas without permission, and testifying against whites in court
Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
176. Thomas Jefferson
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
Huey Long and Share Our Wealth


(726) AKA “the Kingfish,” Long was a Senator and governor of Louisiana. He was the biggest threat to Roosevelt, and he broke with the New Deal in 1934 saying that the reforms were not radical enough. He established his own movement, the Share Our Wealth Society. He argued that the main cause of depression was the unequal distribution of wealth in the US, and advocated a 100% tax on all incomes over $1 million and all inheritances over $5 million, giving that money to the rest of the population. The combination of Townsend, Coughlin, and Long threatened to become a huge coalition against Roosevelt. 
South's advantages in the Civil War
Large land areas with long coasts, could afford to lose battles, and could export cotton for money. They were fighting a defensive war and only needed to keep the North out of their states to win. Also had the nation's best military leaders, and most of the existing military equipment and supplies.
Congress should reject the League of Nations.
During WW1, the Committee on Public Information issued propaganda to persuade the American people of all except
11. A political effect of the fighting in Kansas in 1855 and 1856 was to
 
a. Further divide the Democratic party
b. Cause the founding of the Republican party
c. Gain increased congressional support for proslavery forces in Kansas
d. United Norther
a. Further divide the Democratic party
41. All of the following are ways in which some of the colonies survived and attracted new settlers EXCEPT
 
a. Relaxing their often initially idealized goals in order to attract a wider variety of settlers
b. Offering certain desirable rights, such a
d. Signing an inter-colony treaty that established stability and encouraged immigration
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