APUSH 122 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Educated Guess
11-11-18 armistice
day WWI ended
a large-scale agricultural enterprise growing commercial crops and usually employing coerced or slave labor
The upper house of colonial legislature, appointed by the crown or the proprietor
British Ships took american sailors from trade ships and was the cause of the war of 1812
negative term Southerners gave to Northerners who moved south during Reconstruction
Freeport Doctrine
During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Douglas said that Congress couldn't force a territory to become a slave state against its will.
John Pershing
lead american expeditionary forces in WWI, regarded as mentor for all generals, lead many in search for Villa
Poor farmers in North Carolina and elsewhere who occupied land and raised crops without gaining legal title to the soil
Albany Plan
proposed by Benjamin Franklin; attempt at forming a union of the colonies "under one government as far as might be necessary for defense and other general important purposes" during the French and Indian War
Suffolk Resolves
Act stated that colonies would continue to boycott English imports and approve the efforts of Massachusetts to operate a colonial gov without British control
131 Yellow Journalism—
Sensational newspaper reporting by William Randolf Hearst and Jay Pulitzer’s news journals that helped instigate a war with Spain.
Covenant Chain
Alliance between Iroquois ndians and British during French and Indian War
Thomas Alva Edison
inventor, scientist, and businessman. developed phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb
Peace Corps
(1961) Kennedy also employed non violent foreign policy in the Peace Corps. This organization encouraged public service through men and women teaching or helping people in foreign countries. Peace Corps was also created to draw these developing countries closer to America and farther away from communist influence. Peace Corps became another type of cold war weapon. Other foreign aid, such as the Food for Peace Program and the Alliance for Progress, helped out other countries to continue to draw them away from the communist sphere of control.
Bering Strait
what people crossed when migrating to the Americas; land bridge
Taft-Hartley Act
US federal law that monitors the activities and power of labor unions
Pope's Rebellion
Indian uprising in New Mexico caused by Spanish efforts to suppress Indian religion in 1609
James Oglethorpe
established colony of Georgia as a "debtor's prison"; became buffer zone between colonies and Spanish Florida
first 100 days
FDR countless programs were proposed by the administration and passed by congress that attempted to stimulate the economy.
Stamp Act Congress
an assembly by American colonist representatives as a result of the complaints against the injustices of the recently passed acts by the British Parliament. The meeting adopted a Declaration of Rights and Grievances and wrote letters and petitions to the King and both of the houses of parliament. This was a precursor of the American Revolution. This was a form of formal resistance.
John Tyler
President of U.S to officially annex Texas and make it part of the U.S
Zimmerman Telegram
Secret telegram from Germany to Mexico asking to become allies against America in exchange for land once war was won
Sherman Antitrust Act
requires the United States Federal government to investigate and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of violating interstate commerce act
Election of 1928

 The democrats were split up between the urban machines and the rural wing. They nominated Alfred E. Smith from New York, who appealed to the urban workers, but he alienated many voters, especially with his views on prohibition. And he was catholic. But he embodied the new, racially and culturally accepting America. Hoover ran for the Republicans, his platform being more progressive and relief-oriented than Smith’s. Hoover won. (691-92)
Canadian Shield-
first part of the North American landmass to emerge above sea level.
U-2 incident
am american u-2 spy plane was shot down over the soviet union
The Sugar Revolution
turned the West Indies into a predominantly slave society (1670)
Triple Entente; Allies
Britain, France and Russia all had economic and territorial ambitions and they all disliked Germany, so they formed an alliance for protection.
Treaty of Paris 1783
treaty that ended the American Revolution
201 Containment-
the U.S. foreign policy adopted by the Truman Administration in which the U.S. would limit communism to those countries where it already existed.
Frederick W Taylor
Taylor was an engineer, an inventor, and a tennis player. He sought to eliminate wasted motion. Famous for scientific-management especially time-management studies
30. Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel which brought home the evils of slavery to many in the North was
a. Uncle Tom's Cabin
b. The Impending Crisis
c. Twelve Years a Slave
d. Below the Mason-Dixon Line
e. The Yellow Rose of Texas
a. Uncle Tom's Cabin
Monroe Doctrine
The Americas were not open to further European colonization and Europe and the US would not interfere with each others' colonies
"Cross of Gold"
Term given by Bryan and said that silver and gold coins were equal
Queen Anne’s War, 1702-1713
The second of the four wars known generally as the French and Indian Wars, it arose out of issues left unresolved by King Williams' War (1689-1697) and was part of a larger European conflict known as the War of the Spanish Succession. Britain, allied with the Netherlands, defeated France and Spain to gain territory in Canada, even though the British had suffered defeats in most of their military operations in North America.
Merrimack and Monitor
IronClad ships that didn't do much to each other but they still fought each other
Anne Hutchinson
Woman who held lectures in her home to stress the importance of the covenant of grace. Acused prominent Puritan ministers to have embraced Armenism (godly behavior can get you into heaven). Those priests (especially John Winthrop) saw her as a threat and excommunicated her (1638) She is an example of the splintering of Puritanism.
Mutually assured destruction (MAD)
a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of nuclear weapons by two opposing sides would effectively result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender becoming a war with no victor, only total destruction
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
An ordinance passed under the Articles of Confederation which governed the sale of government land to settlers. It guaranteed trial by jury, freedom of religion, and freedom from excessive punishment, abolished slavery in the NW territories, and set the rules for applying to statehood. Remained important after all the territories were settled.
consititutionl sanctity and fed. supremacy
john marshall court ruling 2 basic tenets
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
A famous justice of the Supreme Court during the early 1900s. Called the "Great Dissenter" because he spoke out against the imposition of national regulations and standards, and supported the states' rights to experiment with social legislation.
Lewis and Clark Expedition (1803-1806)
Through the Louisiana Purchase and the West; Sacajawea, a Shoshone guide, helped them on their journey; opened up new territories to America
196. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Jay
They were the American delegates who signed the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Explain the Bessemer process and why it was beneficial.
The process involved blowing cold air on red- hot Iron in order to ignite the carbon and eliminate impurities. It was beneficial because it made prices drop and production easier.
73. Each of the following events is associated with the results of the War of 1812 EXCEPT
a. Peace on the frontier for a full generation
b. The end of hostility by the Treaty of Ghent
c. A renewal of British settlement in the Northwest Territory
c. A renewal of British settlement in the Northwest Territory
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