APUSH 125 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Sharp, Wail
Dwight D. Eisenhower
"dynamic conservatism"
Brook Farm
A transcendentalist Utopian experiment, put into practice by transcendentalist former Unitarian minister George Ripley at a farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts, at that time nine miles from Boston. The community, in operation from 1841 to 1847, was inspired by the socialist concepts of Charles Fourier. Fourierism was the belief that there could be a utopian society where people could share together to have a better lifestyle.
union disadvantages

poor military leadership
lost beginning battles
they are on the offensive- must invade confed, conquer, and drag back to union
worse soldiers
Primary cause of death among tobacco-growing settlers
Freeport Doctrine
During the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Douglas said in his Freeport Doctrine that Congress couldn't force a territory to become a slave state against its will.
Thomas Paine
common sense author (separtation advocate), British, friends with 2nd Continental Congress members (1770s)
Work Relief

Civil Works Administration (CWA)
made temporary jobs for people

Civilian Conservation Corps
get rid of young men who would make trouble in cities
segregated by race
Zimmerman Notes/telegram
Telegram to Mexica from Germany, proposing that Mexico join Powers and in return would regain their now US owned lands (Texas, New Mexico); exposed and roused nationalist anger
new light
Ministers who supported the Great Awakening against the "old light" clergy who rejected it
Which of the following emerged during the Progressive Era as the most influential advocate of full political, economic, and social equality for Black Americans?
Oregon Trial
brought settlers to the Oregon territory, many of them went to the Willametter Valley. Ohioan caught Oregon Fever by 1842
Non-Intercourse Act
Trading with everyone except for France and Britain. Didn't work out either.
Thaddeus Stevens
Leader of radical republican party that later was a prominent member of the House of Representatives during Reconstruction
1807; it was the first American steamboat, built by the engineer/inventor named Robert Fulton. This invention ensured the success of the new water-based transportation system. He took it up the Hudson River, demonstrating that now technology provided for things to be shipped upstream.
Joseph McCarthy
(1950s) Senator McCarthy of Wisconsin (R) claimed to have a list of men that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and were still working in the State Department. His list was never revealed, but for the next few years he was a prominent figure in the campaign of anticommunism. McCarthy sought to criticize Truman’s government and Democratic Party, and Truman called him a liar. In 1954, McCarthy investigated the US Army; when the public saw his harsh tactics on television, support for him fell. The Senate voted to censure McCarthy for unbecoming conduct, and he died three years later.
Peter Stuyvesant
Served as the last dutch director general in the colony of New Netherland form 1647-1664.
Beat Generation
The generation of writers who rebelled against American Culture for its conformity, blind faith in technology, and materialism.
social structure
The basic pattern of the distribution of status and wealth in a society
Quebec Act
allowed for a Catholic bishop in Quebec; Americans argue that the British are infringing on their freedom of religion
Seward's Folly
People thought that Seward was dumb that he bought Alaska which was thought be a huge cube of ice which was wrong.
War in NW Territory
(1811)Governor William Henry Harrison and John Tyler; Tipacanoe River Against Tenkaswatawa
during the debate over the compromise of 1850 northern antislavery forces were particularly outraged by what they considered the betrayal of
daniel webster
Henry VIII
English monarch, broke with Rome and seized control of the properties of the Catholic Church in england establishing the nominally protestant church of england.
William Graham Sumner
American academic and professor at Yale College. Introduced the term ethnocentrism
reconstruction of the south:
Lincoln's 10% plan
pretty lenient
to all those in former confed: when a 10% of a state has taken the amnesty and loyalty oath, they will be readmitted
congress thought 10% was too little so they propose 50% with the Wade-Davis Bill but Lincoln vetoed it
then Lincoln died so plan failed anyway (Lincoln's death doomed former confed)
this plan was only bad cuz it lacked rights/protection for ex-slaves
a grant by a sovereign power creating a corporation, as the royal charters granted to British colonies in America.
Cohens v. Virginia
The Cohens were a Virginia family accused of selling lottery tickets illegally. The Virginia Supreme Court found the Cohens guilty, so they appealed to the Supreme Court in 1821. Virginia won in having the Cohens convicted. Virginia lost in that Judge Marshal made it so that the federal Supreme Court had the right to review any decision involving powers of the federal government. This was a major blow on states' rights.
Son's and Daughters of Liberty
"Liberty, Property, and No Stamps,"also they enforced the non importation agreements against violators
Harding scandals: Harry Daugherty
Daugherty was implicated for accepting bribes.
William Bradford
A pilgrim, the second governor of the plymouth colony, 1621-1657. he developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
61 Manifest Destiny—
An almost religious belief prior to the Mexican American War that the U.S. should possess the N. American continent from east to west.
Dollar diplomacy
further aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
Appomattox Courthouse

1865; After 4 years of war, Lee surrendered here when Grant cut off his escape route (he was trying to meet up with another Confederate force). Grant allowed them to allow for the planting season, and the Confederacy just dissolved and the Confederate generals stopped fighting by late May. 
"Seward's Folly"
the purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million
Roger Taney
Chief Justice of the US and makes the decision in the Dred Scott Decision
China falls to communism
Mao Zedong (communist) takes power in China
Unrestricted submarine warfare
Germans would sink any ship from any nation that is trying to get into Allied ports
Pragmatism- William Jones
these types of ppl, belived that ideas gain their validity not from their inherent truth but from their social consequences and pratical application
could test the vaildity of their areas in the lab
reflected a quality often looked upon as genuinly Am: The ;inventive experimental spirit, which recognized that science and society
KY & VA Resolutions
(1798 and 1799) measures passed by legislatures of VA and KY as a protest against the Federalist Alien and Sedition Acts. resolutions written by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson but the role of those statesmen remained unknown to public for almost 25 years. Generally, the resolutions argued that because the federal government was the outcome of a compact between the states, all powers not specifically granted to central authority were retained by the individual states or people.
dominated the professions of law, medicinem and engineering
All account for nativist sentiment against the "new immigrants" of the late 19th century except that the immigrants
Oliver Wendel Holmes, Jr.
A famous justice of the Supreme Court during the early 1900s. Called the "Great Dissenter" because he spoke out against the inposition of national regulations and standards, and supported the states' rights to experiment with social legislation.
159 Volstead Act—
The act that was passed to define what “Hard Liquor” was and set up the law enforcement apparatus to police prohibition.
Organization of Americans States 1948
This organization was formed under the UN at the Pan Am Conference of 1948. It included almost all countires in the Americas and condemned the infiltraion of Communism into the Americas
167. Second Continental Congress
It met in 1776 and drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence, which justified the Revolutionary War and declared that the colonies should be independent of Britain.
All of the following accurately describe Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France EXCEPT:
It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements.
What are some ways that the new railways revolutionized America?
United the country in a physical sense. Increased industrialization and immigration. Impacted the environment all over the country. Created big cities. Created a bigger domestic and foreign market. Led to time zones and millionaires.
73. The provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo included all of these EXCEPT
a. Pay $15 million to Mexico
b. Set the Texas boundary at the Rio Grande
c. Yield California to the United States
d. Yield New Mexico to the United States
e. Yield
e. Yield the Mesilla Valley of the Arizona to the United States
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