APUSH 77 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
First Continental Congress
Representative government; "supreme power rests in the consent of the governed" White male property owners(21 years old)
Nat Turner Rebellion in Virginia
Fort Duquesne
Strategic French stronghold - Important in French & Indian War
restraint or moderation, especially in regards to alcohol or food
Black Codes
 The new southern staright legislatures, in passing these restricting the freedom of blacks, baldly revealed that they intended to preserve the trappings of slavery as nearly as possible
Blacks could own property
they could sue and be sued in courts
Sovereignty is defined as supreme political power. When the Continental Congress in 1776 asked the colonies to draft new constitutions, it was asking them to become new states, whose sovereignty, according to republicanism, would rest on the peoples authority. Power in the peoples hands is the basis for democracy.
The economic policy that looked at colonies to provide raw materials, trade, and riches was called
had problems with the huegonots and roman catholics clashing which prevented them from colonzing quickly
reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way government works
A fleet of boats, usually smaller vessels
heresy known as “belief against the law”; those possessed of saving grace were exempt from the rules of good behavior and the laws of the commonwealth
Slave resistance
Slaves resisting work by working slowly faking injury and sickness, or even commiting suicide
Abigail Adams
Woman patriot that advocated colonial independance from Britain and wrote letters to John Adams (husband) while he met with the Continental Congress.
Frederick W. Taylor
In "Scientific Management", increased output by rationalizing and refining the production process
Frederick Law Olmsted
An American journalist, landscape designer and father of American landscape architeture. Was famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City.
Name for the Southern whites who had either opposed succession or now believed that it was the best way to cooperate with the North
true or false: life in the cheseapeake area was happy
Lord Baltimore
founded Maryland as a refuge for Catholics
northwest ordinance
success of articles set the technical frame for acceptance of state/territories into the union
1st Great awakening
1720s-1740s devotion to god spruced and ivy leagues& Rutgers were colleges for ministers; George Whitefield tours the colonies
trust busting
Refers to govt activist designed to break up trust or monopolies
used wen a system of trust controlled much of the economy of the U.S.
why the Sherman Anti-trust  Act and Clayton Anti Act
Confiscation Act
permitted the confiscation of any of property, including slaves, being used to support the Confederate insurrection
John Adams
One of the main advocates for federalism and republicanism that helped create the Federalist Papers
    conscription law, approved September 6, 1940
Under this measure—
America’s first peacetime draft—provision was
made for training each year 1.2 million troops and
800,000 reserves. The act was later adapted to the
requirements of a global war.
Wilmot Proviso
Provided that the ceded territory from the Mexican American War would be barred from slavery.
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer of St. Lawrence River - "father" of New France
Panic of 1837
caused by over speculation of land, the tariff crisis, pulling out fed $ from BUS and putting into pet banks
Old and New Lights
conflicting religious points of view during the First Great Awakening, one group embraced changes, other group was wary
Atomic bomb
A bomb that uses the fission of radioactive elements such as uranium or plutonium to create explosions equal to the force of thousands of pounds of regular explosives.
5. The issue of religious toleration figured prominently in the founding of colonies by all the following EXCEPT
a. James Oglethorpe
b. Cecil Calvert
c. Anne Hutchinson
d. William Penn
e. Roger Williams
a. James Oglethorpe
Orders in Council
British closed their ports off from Europe.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
American author during Jazz Age most famous for his novel The Great Gatspy
Root-Takahira Agreement
Japan and US agreement to respect each other's territory and uphold the Open Door Policy in China
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Response by the Democratic Republicans to the Alien and Sedition Acts; suggested that states should have the power to nullify federal law in their territory stated that the federal government had no right to exercise powers not specifically delegated to it
Catastrophe of 1819
Economic panic that came about as a result of the overspeculation in frontier lands.
Bank of the United States forced western banks to the wall and foreclosed mortgages on farms.
Inhumanity of imprisoning debtors
2. William Bradford
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
Interstate Commerce Act
passed in 1887 with the intent of regulating the railroads but it was not followed much b.c the committee was made up of old CEOs
58 Free Soil Party 1847/48-
political movement that opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories.
“Good Neighbor” Policy
The United States wished to have good relations with its neighbors, especially at a time when conflicts were beginning to rise once again.This act was more or less intended to garner Latin American support. Renouncing unpopular military intervention
54 degree 40 or Fight!
Polk's campaign of taking over the entire Oregon territory
Voice of America, CARE
Established in 1942 as part of the Office of War Information, since 1953 it has been the international radio network of the U.S. Information Agency.
In the presidential election of 1860:
Abraham Lincoln was the Republican candidate.
Supreme Order of the Star-Spangled Banner
In 1850, the Native American Party joined with other nativists to form this. The demands of this group included banning Catholics of aliens to holding public office, enacting more restrictive naturealization laws, and establishing literacy tests for voting. This order adopted a strict code of secrecy, which included a secret password: "I know nothing." The members of this group came to be known as the "Know-nothings."
The Northern civilian economy was severely damaged by the war effort. t or f
false - The Northern civilian economy prospered during the war
4. The issue of religion figured most prominently in the consideration of which of the following?
a. The settlement of Jamestown
b. The establishment of Puritan colonies in Massachusetts
c. France's Indian policy
d. Discoveries by the SPanish conq
b. The establishment of Puritan colonies in Massachusetts
33. Which of the following most accurately describes the change in American public opinion between January 1774 and July 1776?
a. It changed from a desire for reconciliation to a decision for independence
b. Most people favored independence in 1774
a. It changed from a desire for reconciliation to a decision for independence
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