APUSH 80 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Samuel F.B. Morse
Electoral College (Washington DC)
Compromise pertaining to Mexican Cession
asserting that inner grace was sufficient to achieve salvation and that church ministers were unnecessary for that goal
a naturally evolved network of relations among organisms in a stable environment.
Progressivism: goals
broad-based reform movement, 1900-17, sought govt help insolving probs in many areas of Am life, including education, public health, the economy, the environment, labor transportation and politics
practice of pushing dangerous events to the verge of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous outcome
Frederick Douglass
a great African American abolitionist and speaker. Self educated, he founded the North Star, an abolitionist newspaper.
poor richard's almanack
famous book benjamin franklin wrote
Workingmen's Compensation Act
established an all-purpose protection program for Federal civilian employees and their dependents in the event of injury or death
the direct exchange of good and services for one another,without the use of cash or any medium of exchange
Yellow Press
Hearst and Pulitzer helped the overseas involvment movement. They used yellow journalism to attract young men to look into foreign exploits by describing the overseas adventures as manly and "dashing"
Jacob Riis
American immigrant from Denmark who was a social reformer, journalist, and documentary photographer
Declaration of Independence
Document written by Continental Congress that declared American colonies to be independant states and announced war against Britain
Henry Turner
Bishop who formed the International Migration Society to help American blacks emigrate to Africa
Hartford Convention
New Englanders were upset, proposed amendments to the Constitution, threatened to secede the Union, extreme opposition to the War of 1812
14th Amendment
Amendment which stated that blacks are citizens
House of Burgesses
legislative body derived from the General Assembly of Virginia
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Waltham and Lowell Mills

waltham mill employed young unmarried women to work in textile mills
ran by Boston Associates
mass production 
Standard Oil
was made by Rockerfeller which became an oil monopoly by having no almost no compettiion.
Federal Trade Commission
created to prevent unfair trade practices
the cornerstone of Wilson's anti-trust program created in 1914, the 5 member commission replaced Roosevelt's Bureau of Corporations and assumed new power to define "unfair trade practices"
These were people who were elected to present complaints of army soldiers. In the United States this began to appear in about 1647.
Great Compromise
the resolution to the conflict of state representation. Combined the Virginia and New Jersey Plans and provided a new system of state representation.
London Economic Conference (1933)
Coordinated international attack on the global
depression.  - Stabilizing each nation’s currencies,
stabilize the rates at which they could be
exchanged. This was essential to the revival of
world trade.
Ostend Manifesto
The recommendation that the U.S. offer Spain $20 million for Cuba. It was not carried through in part because the North feared Cuba would become another slave state.
Sir Edmund Andros
Governor of the Dominion of New England hated by colonists
Stamp Act
first direct tax on the colonies by England, was repealed
a small vessel with a high deck and three triangular sails.
Convention of 1818
Signed at London, by Richard Rush, Great Britain’s Prime minister, and the French prime minister, Albert Gallatin. This treaty fixed the 49th parallel to divide the US and Canadian boundary, and also established fishing privileges for the United States off the coast of Labrador and Newfoundland.
Charles Evans Hughes
Governor of New York. He investigated the malpractices of gas and insurance companies and the coal trust.
Whig Party (1840s)
Stemmed from the old Federalist Party, the old National Republican Party, and others who opposed Jackson's policies; cultivated commercial and industrial development; encourage banks and corporations; cautious approach to western expansion; support came largely from Northern business and manufacturing interests and from large Southern planters; included Calhoun, Clay and Webster
Battle of Yorktown
Final battle of American Revolution in which American troops surrounded general Cornwallis of the British militia and forced him to surrender!
Pan-American Conference
James G. Blaine sought to open up Latin American markets to the U.S.; rejected by Latin America due to fear of US dominance and satisfaction with European market.
John Adams (1797-1800)
2nd President; 1st Vice President; led to country through the XYZ affair, the Alien and Sedition Acts and the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions; kept nation from war
fought for honor
U.S. fought for honor as much as material gains.
The Battle of New Orleans restored honor and spread nationalism.
Ghent Treaty signed 2 weeks earlier.
3. Pilgrims and Puritans contrasted
The Pilgrims were separatists who believed that the Church of England could not be reformed. Separatist groups were illegal in England, so the Pilgrims fled to America and settled in Plymouth. The Puritans were non-separatists who wished to adopt reforms to purify the Church of England. They received a right to settle in the Massachusetts Bay area from the King of England.
James Madison
Wanted 3 branches of gov. and made the Virginia plan was president after Jefferson
112 Tweed Ring—
During the Gilded Age it was the notorious Tammany Hall political machine led by “Boss” William Marcy Tweed. In two years it defrauded the City of $200,000,000 1868-71.
Freedmen's Bureau
Agency set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themselves to freedom. It furnished food and clothing to needy blacks and helped them get jobs.
Commodore Matthew Perry
This man's job was to go to the harbors of Japan and open up trade
Australia, New Zealand, U.S. (ANZUS)
Security alliance ratified in 1952 to protect against Communist China, Soviet Power, the war in Korea and Asia/Pacific decolonization.
Industrial Workers of the World
Also known as "Wobblies," a more radical labor organization that was against war.
What was "Acres of Diamonds"?
The lecture given a thousand times by Reverend Russell Conwell of Philadelphia. He got rich from doing so.
Randolph Bourne's theory on the 'melting pot'
groups should interact with each other to create a trans-nationality in America
19. Which of the following does NOT express a British criticism of the colonies in 1763?
a. Samuel Adams and other colonial leaders organized opposition to British authority
b. Many colonists showed disloyalty by failing to support the war effort
e. The Virginians under George Washington disobeyed orders in attacking a French fort
174 Wagner Act (NLR Act) –
Passed by new Dealers, the _ _ granted labour the right to organize, and use collective bargaining. The National Labor Relations Act established a gov’t board to ensure democratic elections in Unions.
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