APUSH 90 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Harper's Ferry
1859
Omnipotent
All - Powerful
Fetter
Restrain, Chain, Lock Up
federalists (occupations)
politicians; wealthy merchants; lawyers; planters WEALTHY
Harlem Renaissance
Black cultural movement centered around pride in NYC.
William Jennings Bryan
"Cross of Gold" Speech
America First Committee
The foremost non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into WWII. Peaking at 800,000 members, it was likely the largest anti-war organization in American History. Started in 1940, it became defunct after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Andrew Carnegie
pioneered vertical integration, steel industry baron, opposed monopolies, Bessemer steel process
Annapolis Convention
Where delegates got together and called for the very first constitutional convention
King Philip
Indian leader who waged an unsuccessful war against New England
Paxton Boys
vigilante mob that massacred many Native Americans in response to what they thought was poor defense from natives and increased tensions from French/Indian War
Mandate system
A half-way system between outright imperial domination and independence, it was used to split Germany's empire after WW I.
loose construction
Federalist belief; the government can do anything the Constitution doesn't specifically forbid
Dorothea Dix
Served as superintendant of nurses during civil war and later created the first mental asylums
Halfway Covenant
children and grand-children of church members could be baptized in church if promised to follow creed and covenant
Horizontal Integration
Allying with competitors to monopolize a given market.
Samuel Gompers
an English-born American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and served as that organization's president from 1886 to 1894 and from 1895 until his death in 1924.
Know-Nothings
party of people who don't do anything and are neutral
John Winthrop
Promoter of Massachusetts Bay as a holy "city upon a hill"
Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Aguinaldo, Philippine Insurrection
Emilio Aguinaldo (1869-1964) led a Filipino insurrection against the Spanish in 1896 and assisted the U.S. invasion. He served as leader of the provisional government but was removed by the U.S. because he wanted to make the Philippines independent before the U.S. felt it was ready for independence.
James Oglethrope
Founder and governor of the Georgia colony. He ran a tightly-disciplined, military-like colony. Slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were forbidden in his colony. Many colonists felt that Oglethorpe was a dictator, and that (along with the colonist’s dissatisfaction over not being allowed to own slaves) caused the colony to break down and Oglethorpe to lose his position as governor.
Jay Treaty-
the unpopular treaty with GB 1794-95 that was supposed to stop British impressments but did not. Brits did withdraw soldiers from the Northwest Territory.
Nativist
The term Nativism is used in both politics and psychology in two fundamentally different ways. In politics "Nativist" refers to the socio-political positions taken up by those who identify themselves as "native-born." In psychology, "Nativist" is comparable to "innate," the "hard-wired" components of human psychology.
Society of Cincinatti
Group of Continental Army officers formed a military order in1783. They were criticized for their aristocratic ideals.
Walter Rauschenbusch
New York clergyman who preached the Social Gospel and who worked to alleviate poverty. He also worked to make peace between employers and labor unions
John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; Federalist appointed and asserted the power of judicial review over federal legislation; his decisions advanced capitalism
Two-Party System
term for when there were two parties in the American system (Whigs and Democrats)
Lord De La Warr
Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians
Writs of Assistance
search warrants on shipping to reduce smuggling
Election of 1912
Taft vs Roosevelt vs. Wilson Wilson won
SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN
THE FATHER OF NWE FRANCE, WHO ESTABLISHED A CRUCIAL ALLIANCE WITH THE HURON INDIANS.
Oregon Trail
Wagon road that led people from east to west. Mainly used by emmigrants for commercial reasons
“visible saints”
People that act saintly and go to church are thought of as living saints.
Victoria Woodhull
Wrote of her belief in free love. First women to run for presidency.
Mary Baker Eddy
the founder of the Christian Science religion. She was the author of the movement's text book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, Founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist, Spiritual teacher and lecturer and established the Christian Science Publishing Society
Panama Canal
1850 treaty between UK and US that a canal would be team effort. About 1900, UK decided they didn't want to be part of the treaty anymore. French tried but failed to complete Panama canal. Hay negotiated treated with Columbia, would pay $10 million up front and a yearly fee for rights to build the canal. Columbia refused, panama declared independence after several rebellions, and the US supported them. Panama got the same deal Columbia would have. Greatest achievement of TR's presidency, revolutionized world trade patterns
LaFollette Seaman's Act
LaFollette was a major leader of the Progressive movement from Wisconsin. He protested the cruel treatment that sailors received and led the fight for this act.
Lincoln's "House Divided" speech
In his acceptance speech for his nomination to the Senate in June, 1858, Lincoln paraphrased from the Bible: "A house divided against itself cannot stand." He continued, "I do not believe this government can continue half slave and half free, I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall - but I do believe it will cease to be divided."
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
a joint resolution which the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in response to a sea battle between the North Vietnamese Navy's Torpedo Squadron 13
United States v. Northern Securities Company

 (1902) The Justice Department began its attacks on the businesses and antitrust with this first trust bust of the Northern Securities Company. The Northern Securities Company was a complex railroad system in the Northwest. The Supreme Court, because of the trust busting wave, dismantled Northern Securities, leading to many more trusts to be dissolved in the future. 

 
Sherman Antitrust Act
been in place since 1890 but never used until Roosevelt used it
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Executive Branch agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's civilian space program and aeronautics and aerospace research
What was a main point of Washington's Farewell Address?
avoid foreign entanglements and political parties
33. The most common form of resistance on the part of black Americans slaves prior to the Civil War was
 
a. Violent uprisings in which many persons were killed
b. Attempts to escape and reach Canada by means of the "Underground Railroad"
c. Passive
c. Passive resistance, including breaking tools and slightly slowing the pace of work
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints/Mormons
Mormon church lead by Mormon preachers to teach the faith to it's followers and believers
71. Which of the following BEST reflected the idea of manifest destiny?
 
a. The signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty
b. Henry Clay's position of Texas in the election of 1844
c. The establishment of Texas as an independent republic
d. The campai
d. The campaign platform of James Polk in 1844
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