APUSH 92 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Nullification Crisis
Rich, Fancy, Ornate
Trite, Stale, Cliched, Overused
delegates seleceted by state governments
National Security League
supported Americanization, strong military, meritocracy, universal conscription, government regulation of economy to enhance national preparedness
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
forbade restraint of trade
Containment Policy
Used military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to temper the spread of Communism, enhance America’s security and influence abroad, and prevent a "domino effect". A component of the Cold War, the policy was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to expand Communist influence in Eastern Europe, China, and Korea.
favored tariff reform and social reform, did not seem dedicated members of either party
The single, bloodiest battle in the Civil war. And also the battle in which the South gets closest to D.C.
Common activity in which the colonists engaged to avoid the restrictive, unpopular Navigation Laws.
Regulator Movements
violent uprising in North Carolina when colonists were unhappy with corrupt officials, colonists took up arms to officials
Norris-LaGuardia (Anti-Injunction) Act, 1932
Liberal Republicans, Feorelo LaGuardia and George Norris cosponsored the Norris-LaGuardia Federal Anti-Injunction Act, which protected the rights of striking workers, by severely restricting the federal courts' power to issue injunctions against strikes and other union activities.
Alexander Hamliton
first secretary of treasury; most trusted advisor of Washington
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln's proclamation that set free to all slaves that the Union army won. freed 3.1 million slaves
James II
Catholic Monarch of England that produced a Catholic hier causing tension that caused him to flee England during the Glorious Revolution
Chautauqua movement
Brought education to the adult population
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
a prominent American sociologist, novelist, writer of short stories, poetry, and nonfiction, and a lecturer for social reform. She was a utopian feminist
Midnight Judges
nickname given to the judges that Adams appointed a minute before his term ended
Common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresy in Massachusetts Bay.
Civic Virtue
the notion that democracy depended on the unselfish commitment of each citizen to the public good.
Platt Amendment
A rider to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901, it specified the conditions under which the U.S. could intervene in Cuba's internal affairs, and provided that Cuba could not make a treaty with another nation that might impair its independence. Its provisions where later incorporated into the Cuban Constitution.
Stephen A. Douglas
A moderate, who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854 and popularized the idea of popular sovereignty.
Corrupt Bargain
the alleged deal between John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay in the Election of 1824 that stole the election from Andrew Jackson.
Andrew Mellon
Mellon was the Secretary of the Treasury during the Harding Administration. He felt it was best to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided prosperous payrolls. He believed in trickle down economics. (Hamiltonian economics)
Articles of Confederation
The first "constitution" governing the Untied States after the Revolution; it was ratified in 1781 and it provided for a "firm league of friendship;" the legislative branch (Congress) had no power to regulate commerce or forcibly collect taxes and there was no national executive or judicial branch; it was an important stepping-stone towards the present constitution because without it the states would never have consented to the Constitution.
Cornelius Vanderbilt
railroad baron who controlled the New York Central Railroad
Tenth Amendment (1791)
Restricts the federal government to those powers delegated to it be the Constitution and gives all other powers to the states, or the people
Black Codes
the legal Jim Crow laws which required blacks to work for a full year, denied them the right to vote, said that white employers could whip blacks, limited freedom of speech and travel, and prevented blacks from testifying against whites in courts
first families of Virginia
Wealthy extended clans like the Fitzhughs, Lees, and Washingtons that dominated politics in the most populous colony
The Glorious Revolution
William and Mary banished James II from England; allowed more power to colonial legislatures; start of salutory neglect; showed that Parliament had more power than monarchs
Glorious Revolution
Threw James II out of the throne replaced with WIlliam who wanted a parliamentary system
concurrent powers
powers that are shared by the federal and state government Ex. taxes
Belief that the true path lay in the perfection of the individual, instead of reform of the larger society.
Church of England/Anglicanism
Official Church of England that united all citizend under 1 Church and was reformed from Catholocism
Dawes Severalty Act
It dissolved many tribes as legal entities and wiped out tribal ownership of land and set up family heads with 160 free acres. Gave Indians citizenship and land if they became "American"
National Labor Union
the first national labor federation in the United States. Founded in 1866 and dissolved in 1873, it paved the way for other organizations, such as the Knights of Labor and the AF of L (American Federation of Labor).
Nathanial Hawthorne
Author of a novel about the early New England practice of requiring adulterers to wear the letter "A"
Pancho Villa, General Pershing
1916 - Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico and Pershing was directed to follow him into Mexico. Pershing met with resistance and eventually left without finding Pancho Villa.
Barbed wire, Joseph Glidden
He marketed the first barbed wire, solving the problem of how to fence cattle in the vast open spaces of the Great Plains where lumber was scarce, thus changing the American West.
French Indian War
Fought by French and English on US soil over the control of Ohio River Valley. The English won in 1763. That win established the English as #1 world power and changed the colonists opinion of England for the worse
War Boards—War Industries Board, Railroad War Board, Food Administration

(1917) The government came together to collaborate during the war, suspending many anti-trust laws in order to cooperate and work efficiently. The War Industries Board was created to be a central agency to centralize and empower industry during the time of the Great War. Under the leadership of Bernard Baruch, the WIB allocated limiting resources, organized data and statistics, instituted war time production methods, set prices, brought efficient procedures to industry, and regulated the flow of all raw materials. Baruch, through personal intervention, won the support of industries. Amazingly, the profits accumulated through this new organization of industry, that helped all businesses, created an economic boom that lasted until 1920. Promising to give the owner’s a “standard return,” the Railroad War Board took ultimate power of the railroads to regulate the transportation of troops better. Herbert Hoover led the Food Administration that allowed more wheat and grains to be produced and other foods to be rationed by women in the home. It also created regulations and rules for producers and retailers. Hoover’s efforts created a large conservation of food resources. This was Herbert Hoover’s claim to fame at the time. 
Virginia Company of London
Received a charter for the New World and established Jamestown
Alien and Sedition act
alien act the president the right to deport any immigrant who was felt to be dangerous to the peace and safety of the USSedition Act- administration could ban any attacks on the pres or congress that were "malicious".Supressed the 1st amendment
Alien & Sedition Acts
The Alien and Sedition Acts were four laws passed by the U.S. Congress in 1798 and signed into law by President John Adams designed to protect the United States from citizens of enemy powers during the turmoil following the French Revolution and to stop seditious factions from weakening the government of the new republic.Jefferson held the acts to be unconstitutional .
What did Ronald Raegan do in the 1980's?
cut taxes and social services
97. The assassination of Abraham Lincoln
a. Was a calamity for the South
b. Benefited the South
c. Had little effect on Reconstruction
d. Saved him from possible impeachment
e. Brought an abolitionist to the White House
a. Was a calamity for the South
both southerners and northerners alike refused to accept douglas's plan to repeal the missouri compromise t or f
false - the southerners voted in favor of the plan and pushed it through congress
44. In the Nullification Controversy, some Southerners took the position that
a. The federal government had the right to nullify state laws that interfered with the right to hold property in slaves
b. The federal courts had the right to nullify acts
c. The states had the right to nullify acts of the federal government they deemed to be unconstitutional
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