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Rutherford B. Hayes
Terms Definitions
Stagflation
Carter
Benjamin Harrison
1889-1993
Rutherford B. Hayes
1877-1881
end of cold war
Bush
Crispus Attucks
died in Boston Massacre
propaganda
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
Leisler's Rebellion
1689-1691; Armed conflict between aspiring merchants led by Jacob Leisler and the ruling elite of New York.
North
Who had these following advantages during the Civil War: Larger numbers of troops, superior navy, better transportation, overwhelming financial and industrial reserves to create munitions and supplies, which eventually outstripped the enemy's initial material advantage.
89-ers
poured into OK territory on horses
capstone
a finishing stone of a structure.
Baron De Montesquieu
believed government should have separation of powers
General Burgoyne
Surrendered to america at Saratoga, Wanted three British armies to march on Albany, New York, from different directions. They would crush American forces there once they controlled the Hudson River, the British could stop the flow of soldiers and supplies from New England to Washington's army.
Neutrality Proclamation
Washington's declaration that the U.S. would not take sides after the French Revolution touched off a war between France and a coalition consisting primarily of England, Austria and Prussia. Washington's Proclamation was technically a violation of the Franco-American Treaty of 1778.
"hoovervilles"
term used to describe makeshift shacks that housed groups of homeless people
used in open areas near cities during the Depression
this term was used to mock Herbert Hoover
James Oglethorpe
(1732) obtains charter for Georgia colony and leads that effort. Retaliates against Spanish during War of Jenkin's Ear to fufill Georgia's obligation to protect South Carolina by invading Florida in 1740.
Headright system
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
Ethan Allen
An American Revolutionary War soldier and Vermont leader, Ethan Allen (1738-1789) achieved a place in history by capturing Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 with the Green Mountain Boys.
They opposed immigration and Catholic influence. They answered questions from outsiders about the party by saying "I know nothing".
Know-Nothing party
inchoate
not yet completed or fully developed; rudimentary.
Black Power
slogan for black radical militants in the 60s, coined by Stokely Carmichael, that represented no interracial cooperation, black pride, pride in African heritage and the belief that blacks should have their own businesses, schools, political parties and (African) culture
Nikita Khrushnev
premier of russia during space race; used many propaganda techniques to try to fool the world of Russia's intentions
Constitutional Convention (1787)
Held in Philidelphia. All states except Rhode Island sent a delegate. George Washington Served as president. This convention help to ratify the Constistution
Stephen A. Douglas
the northern senator who sacrificed possible support by pushing for a fair constitution for Kansas.
Department of Labor
cabinet level position created in 1913.
Tenochtitlan
larger than any European city at that time
Samuel J. Tilden
Democrat candidate who won popular vote but lost electoral vote
Mayflower Compact
a document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government
Oregon Treaty 1812
territory comprised what arenow the states of Oregon and Washington-treaty made joint occupation w/ brit&US
John Mason royal charter in 1679
1664 New Hampshire
5- Power treaty
US, UK, Japan, France, Italy
Restrict construction of new battleships
Gave Japan naval supremacy in the Pacific
fifteenth amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1870, prohibiting the restriction of voting rights "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Union
the ticket on which Lincoln ran in the election of 1864
Annapolis Convention
A convention held in September 1786 to consider problems of trade and navigation, attended by five states and important because it issued the call to Congress and the states for what became the Constitutional Convention
Tecumseh (1763-1813)
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Black Nationalism
a belief in the separate identity and racial unity of the African American community
Praying Towns
series of seven towns along the coast which housed Indian survivors of disease in 1670s, created by John Eliot of Roxbury Church, they were converted to Christianity.
United Fruit Company
American company with a monopoly on tropical fruit during the 20th century which exploited resources
John Wilkes Booth
actor who assassinated Lincoln in a theater
These are the oldest primary units of the executive branch. The heads of these form the Cabinet.
Executive departments
robert e. lee
British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S.
Open Door Policy
1899- Hay's idea that the great powers would respect the territorial and commercial integrity of China
Erie Canal
A canal between the New York cities of Albany and Buffalo, completed in 1825. The canal, considered a marvel of the modern world at the time, allowed western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North and allowed northern manufacturers to ship finished goods to sell in the West.
Guy Fawkes' Day
November 5th, every year a North End mob and a South End mob bloodied each other for the privilege of burning effigies of the pope, the devil and the Stuart pretender to the British throne.
English govnment's defenition of sovereignty
believed a stong indivisable force such as parliament
the largest of labor unions, it represented a conservative "pure and simple unionism" that stressed foremost the concern with working conditions, pay and control over jobs, relegating political goals to a minor role.
American Federation of Labor:
Constitution: House of Representatives
One of the two parts of Congress, considered the "lower house." Representatives are elected directly by the people, with the number of representatives for each state determined by the state's population.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Under this law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatically.
Gag Resolution in the house
a way the south lashed back against abolitionism. a rule that limist or fobids the raising, consideration or discussion of a particular topic by members of a legislative or decision-making body. Originated in mid 1830's when the Us house of representatives barred discussion or referral to comittee of antislavery petitions.
The Nixon Doctrine proclaimed that the United States would
honor its existing defense commitment, but that in the future its allies would have to fight their own wars without large numbers of American troops
what happened in the former yugoslavia in the mid-1990s and what was the final outcome
ethnic conflict had flared in bosnia. serbia had round of ethnic cleansing, forcing NATO to launch an air raid and keep forces in serbia
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