APUSH part 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Long Journey
Range of Knowledge
new lights
supported the great awakening
no vp!!!
state: daniel webster
southern demo who ran as a whig
william lloyd garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
a systematic program or particular materials designed to promote certain ideas
A charitable housing provided to enable people to live in a Christian community. In the US these were often called poorhouses.
Harlem Renaissance

 the African-American community in Harlem in the 1920’s created a new cultural spot, which attracted talented writers and artists. They championed racial pride and cultural identity. Publishers supported them till the depression. Later, these writers would inspire people in the civil rights movement. (690-691)
Jane Addams
Creator of settlement movements and settlement houses
salutary neglect
British colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureaucrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government
Sinking of Lusitania
British passenger boat (carrying American passengers) sunk by German U-boat)
Open-Door policy
1899 allowed all foreign nations including the US to est. trading relations with China, this was asked by John Hay who was the secretary of State under McKinley
Samuel Gompers
combined Unions to increase their strength
when he died the AFL fell apart
Congregational Church
Protestant churches in which each congregation runs it's own ceremonies
Mary Wollstonecraft
English woman who published 'a vindication of the rights of women' in 1792. Intellectual equality of sexes, economic independence, and participation is republican government. credibility lessened when discovered to be an unwed mother.
Atlantic Charter

was assembled by Roosevelt and Churchill, was a press release that gave the ideological foundation of the Western Cause and of the peace to follow after the war. The charter wanted economic collaboration and political stability to help every nation out. The charter supported collective security, free trade, and national self determination.  (pg. 753)
Credit Mobilier
Company created to build the Union Pacific Railroad, in a scandalous deal uncovered in 1872 - 1873, it sold shares cheaply to congressmen who approved federal subsidies for railroad construction.
George Washington
A young surveyor who lead an expedition which was captured and expelled from the Ohio Valley, prompting the British and Virginia to demand war.
Praying villages
Villages where New England Indians who converted to Christianity were gathered

Peace of Utrecht, 1713

Ended Queen Anne’s War. Undermined France’s power in North America by giving Britain the Hudson Bay, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia.
Hartford Convention
complained about the war of 1812, demanded financial assistance from Washington to compensate for lost trade from embargos, new states admitted, or war declared, the abolition of slavery, that a President could only serve 1 term, 
40. Settlers who established the British colony in Virginia during the 17th century were primarily seeking to
a. Recreate an Old World feudalistic society in the New World
b. Create a perfect religious commonwealths an example to the rest of the wor
d. Profit economically
Congress of Racial Equality
Civil rights organization that originally played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to "anyone who believes that all people are created equal and is willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the world."
George III
British monarch during the 7 Years War
XYZ Affair
The XYZ Affair was a diplomatic episode in 1798 that worsened relations between France and the United States and led to the undeclared Quasi-War of 1798. John Jay's Treaty of 1794 angered France, which was at war with Great Britain and interpreted the treaty as evidence of an Anglo-American alliance. U.S. President John Adams and his Federalist Party had also been critical of the Reign of Terror and extreme radicalism of the French Revolution, further souring relations between France and the States. president sent diplomats to europe: "X" "Y" and "Z"
Joseph F. Glidden
Invented barbed wire helped build fences on treeless plains
executive privilege
established by GW (1797) when he refused to submit all documents pertinent to Pinckney's Treaty to Congress. Executive privilege is the right of the president to withhold information to protect national security.
Articles of Confederation
"Firm League of Friendship"; have the power of interstate commerce and foreign affairs
The Lowell Offering
This was a monthly magazine published by women who worked in factories.
In Re Debs
1894 - Eugene Debs organised the Pullman strike. A federal court found him guilty of restraint of trade, stopping US mail, and disobeying a government injunction to stop the strike. He later ran for president as a candidate of the Social Democratic Party.
Jacob Riss
published How the Other Half Lives, it showed how slum life in NYC was and it had many photos which made it super effective
Spanish American War, 1898
1898, fitting began Philip
Manial Bay first battle
Most Am casualties were because of disease and food poisoning
invaded  Puetro Rico
Spain signed cease fire in 1898
Treaty of Paris (1898)
Treaty that ended Spanish-American war and ceded the Philippines along with Puerto Rico and Guam to the U.S
Rush Bagot Treaty
between Britain and US. concerning the Canadian border. each nation should have no more than four warships, none to exceed 100 tons, on the Great Lakes. The agreement, a result of negotiations begun after the signing of the Treaty of Ghent, was important because it set a precedent for the pacific settlement of Anglo-American difficulties and because it inaugurated a policy of peace between the United States and Canada.
John J. Pershing
Man in charge of the expeditionary US forces sent into WWI
British East India Company
The British trading company that faced ruin which was the reason Parliament to pass the Tea Act, removing most taxes and bypassing colonial merchants, giving the British owned company an unfair advantage since they could sell their tea much cheaper than the colonial merchants, causing protests and the Boston Tea Party.
State Department White Paper
1949 - Set forth the State Department's efforts and future plans to stoop Communism. With regard to China, it declared the historic policy of the U.S. to be one of friendship and aid to the Chinese people, which would be maintained both in peace and war.
When eletoral college meets
1st Monday after 2nd Wednesday in December
Battles of Lexington and Concord
First violant military contact between British and American troops in Revolutionary war. April 19, 1775
A movement of women working for social and economic change around the world. It advocates for young women's leadership, peace, justice, human rights and sustainable development, both on a grassroots and global scale. Goal of the second organization was putting Christian principles into practice by men, acheieved by developing "a healthy spirit, mind, and body."
From the 1880's to the beginning of the New Deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to
break up tribal landholdings
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
It dealt with the states that today are Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. It prohibited slavery in these territories. Some of the money from the sale of these lands would go for supporting schools there. A formula is put in place for the process of becoming a territory and the process of becoming a state (based on population), in which these new states will have all the same rights as the existing ones.
Red Scare & Palmer Raids

 (1917) A fear of radicalism and communism spread across America, worrying over a radical infiltration and takeover because of Bolshevik Russia. Even though radicals were losing members and power, America fear of the radicals increased. Bombings began, such as the one in Atorney General Palmer’s house that led to action. Palmer Raids were started to track down anarchists in the United States. Palmer rounded up thousands of radicals and communists, deporting them back to the Soviet Union. Many immigrants were pulled into being though to be an anarchist because of their backgrounds, deporting them without formal trial. By 1920, the red scare died out after a period of inactivity. 
General Zachary Taylor
Was sent as the General to guard the between the Nueces and the Rio Grande where they were ambushed and Polk declared war on Mexico
Revolutionary War Facts
Signing of the DOI made it a war for independence.Surrender: Yorktown in October, 1781.The Continental Army ran into trouble recruiting good soldiers so they recruited black soldiers.Ben Franklin brought the French to war in 1778 after the Battle of Saratoga.End of war: Treaty of Paris at the end of 1783.
47. Nativist reaction to immigration resulted in
a. The formation of the Know Nothing party
b. The splitting of the Democratic-Republican Party
c. Major changes in the immigration laws
d. Increased immigration from Southern Europe
e. Greater sect
a. The formation of the Know Nothing party
11. The acts of trade and navigation had all the following consequences in the colonies EXCEPT
a. Colonial manufacturing was limited
b. Colonial economies were limited in London
c. Low prices were charged for English imports
d. Smuggling beame a c
c. Low prices were charged for English imports
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