APUSH Terms 17 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Praise[ANT: Censure]
Scopes Trial
Fundamentalism v. darwinism
Thomas Jefferson
Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States.
Graceful, Supple, Limber, Agile[ANT: Clusmy]
Fate of many Nathaniel Bacon's followers, though not of Bacon himself
Lecompton Constitution
The pro-slavery constitution suggested for Kansas' admission to the union. It was rejected.
the american name for British soldiers
Direct Relief
doling out money

Federal Emergency Relief Administration of 1933
 helped unempolyed and funded states' aid to bank relief programs

Social Securities Act
required pension for income
helps young people now when they're old enough to retire
Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General, ordered mass arrests of socialists, anarchists and labor agitators
Zenger case
The case that established the precedent that true statements about public officials could not be prosecuted as libel
Whig Party
led by Henry Clay (anti-Jackson); believed in expanding federal power on economy, encouraged industrial development
Economic Coercion
Manipulating other countries to do what you want by changing economic policy.ex. America cutting off trade with a country for the country to surrender or agree to something
Horace Greeley
Founder of Liberal Republican party and stated the New York Tribune- a very influential newspaper.
Embargo Act
1807; Madison and Jefferson devised the Embargo Act of 1807 that prohibited American ships to leave port until England and France repeal their restrictions on US trade. This was extremely unsuccessful since the two powers relied very little on US trade and it instead devastated the US economy (even though it helped manufacturers). To stop smuggling, the Republican Congress passed the Force Act. Madison became president in 1808 and quickly replaced the embargo act with a series of new economic restrictions, which also failed in getting France or Britain to accept US neutrality.
this was Nixon’s policy of lessening tension towards the Soviet Union and on China to make them more diplomatically compliant. He urged them to lessen their military aid to North Vietnam. He sought to create a peaceful coexistence with them to make them more cooperative.
The theory that a nation should export more than they import.
Federal Highway Act
Appropriating $25 billion for the construction of interstate highways over a 20-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history to that point.
The capacity to pass readily from one social or economic condition to another
Judiciary Act of 1789
established federal district courts; Supreme Court has final jurisdiction
H.L. Mencken
criticized the America society as an ignorant mob and wad disdainful for the booboise (boo shwa zzz)
Cloture Rule
stops filibuster; 16 senators and 3/5s Senate votes
Slave codes
Laws that gave a slaveowner absolute power over thier slave
Jacob Leisler
colonists of New York rebelled and made Jacob Leiser, a militia officer, governor of New York. Leisler was hanged for treason when royal authority was reinstated in 1691, but the representative assembly which he founded remained part of the government of New York.
Gustavus Swift
ounded a meat-packing empire in the Midwest during the late 19th century
a member of a group of Protestants that arose in the 16th century within the Church of England, demanding the simplification of doctrine and worship, and greater strictness in religious discipline: during part of the 17th century the Puritans became a pow
President James Madison
proposed the Virginia plan at the Constitutional Convention. helped write the Federalist Papers. helped Jefferson organize the Democratic-Republican party. wrote the Virginia Resolves. became president in 1809. instituted Macon's Bill number two.
Declaratory Act of 1766
Reaffirmed Parliament's right to bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever.
Esch-Cummins Transportation Act
Provided for the return of railroads to private control, widened powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Mayflower Compact
1620 - the first agreement in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a gov. for the Plymouth colony.
Navigation Acts
trade laws administered by GB in the 1600’s to enforce mercantilism on the Amer. Colonies.
Social purity movement
social movement that sought to abolish prostitution and other sexual activities then considered immoral
Election of 1844
this election was important because it would determine if Oregon, California, and especially Texas would be annexed as new states. If Texas was to be added to the US, it would be as a slave state; this caused lots of controversy. James K. Polk (Democrat, annexation) went up against Henry Clay (Whigs, American system). Polk was elected and Texas was admitted into the Union.
Eisenhower Doctrine
permitted the US to extend help to Middle Eastern countries that wanted it because they found Communism to be a threat
Report on Manufactures (1791)
This was the first report on manufacturers in the US
Brown v. Board of Education
1954; overturned Plessy v. Ferguson; order integration of schools
Andrew Johnson's Impeachment
was impeached by the house but escaped impeachment by one vote in the senate
American Federation of Labor
In summer of 1886, delegates from craft union met and Columbus, Oh
pres of this was Samuel Gompers
group grew slowly but increased
party nominationg convention
take place at the state and national levels to nominate party candidates, and shape party strategies
Morrill Land Grant Act
Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges.
Russo-Japanese War, Treaty of Portsmouth
Japan had attacked the Russian Pacific fleet over Russia's refusal to withdraw its troops from Mancharia after the Boxer Rebellion (1904-1905) War fought mainly in Korea. Japan victorious, the U.S. mediated the end of the war. Negotiating the treaty in the U.S. increased U.S. prestige. Roosevelt received a Nobel Peace Prize for the mediation.
156 Sussex Pledge-
Germany pledged to stop the use of unrestricted submarine warfare during WWI when the United States protested the sinking of unarmed ships.
The Constitution of the United States
Created a stronger federal government; had Bill of Rights that protect individual rights and freedoms
175. Richard Henry Lee’s Resolution of June 7, 1776
Stated that the colonies should be independent and sever all political ties with Britain. It was adopted by Congress and was the first step towards independence.
The primary power granted to the Civil Rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to
investigate and report on cases involving discrimination
How was the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 a 'red letter' (highly important) law?
It was the first large-scale attempt by Washington to regulate business in the interest of society at large. It heralded the arrival of a series of independent regulatory commissions in the next century, which would irrevocably commit the government to the daunting task of monitoring and guiding the private economy.
41. After the election of 1824, the President's choice of Henry Clay as secretary of state resulted in
a. The end of political bitterness between the major parties
b. The revival of the Federalist party
c. Widespread criticism of the spoils system
d. Charges of a corrupt bargain with John Q. Adams
/ 47

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online