APUSH Terms 9 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Treaty of Paris
Article V
ammending the constitution
Era of Good Feeling

federalist party disappeared
non partisan harmony
Massachusetts General Court
The legislature in Massachusetts
a nineteenth-century movement in the Romantic tradition, which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition, which transcends reason and sensory experience.
Town Meeting
local town gathering of non-stockholders/freemen to elect reps for General court and to administer local affairs.
States' Rights
The anti-federalists opposed the constitution because they thought it did not give enough power to the states. They believed that each state deserved certain rights that were not clearly defined in the constitution but were pertinent in democracy. Since these rights were not included in the original draft of the constitution there was a delay in the ratification process until the states were granted individual powers in an added clause.
Thomas Jefferson
The independent farmer as the cornerstone of a strong nation was at the center of gov policy for
Hartford resolutions
Death dirge of Federalist Party.
The Federalists never had a successful presidential campaign again.
Demanded financial compensation for damaging acts of nullification from Washington.
William Howard Taft
Successor of Roosevelt; Different views than Teddy; part of political corruption; Passed Sixteenth Amendment
Free Soil Party

antislavery barnburners of dem party & abolitionist liberty party
nominated Martin Van Buren for president
opposed expansion of slavery into territories
Glorious Revolution
1688, Parliament were tired of Catholic Stuarts, and sent James II packing; in his place they installed a Protestant Dutchman – William of Orange, and his wife, James’s daughter Mary; when news reached Boston spring of 1689, mob of 1000 colonists seized Andros and put him in jail; 2 yrs later, MA was made a royal colony and new GC was elected by property owners; church membership was no longer required for voting rights
Harriet Tubman
Black female abolitionist that escaped from slavery and help hundreds of other slaves escape to the north
Thomas Paine
Wrote pamphlet called Common Sense advocating colonial independance from Britain. Also advocated republican government based on consent of commoners
National Grange Movement
Social and educational organization for farmers and families
Francis Willard
Dean of Women at Northwestern University and the president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
Anti-Imperialist League
group created in America by Americans who were against the annexation of the Philippines
william pit
known as the great commoner, prime minister of great britain, sent a powerful expedition against louisbourg. The had james wolfe take quebec. defeated the french, montecalm there. plains of abraham.
Rhode Island
The only New England colony to practice true religious toleration
stamp act congress
1766 colonial response, it gave colonial leaders opportunity to meet and establish ties before the war for inde
Navigation acts (added ones)
prevented colonist from making textiles(1699), hats (1732), iron products(1750)
John D. Rockerfeller
Industrialist who founded standard Oil company in 1870 (ruthless)
employed horizontal integration to make standard oil one of the nation's first monopolistic trusts
Homestead Act
allowed union citizens to land outside the 13 colonies after filing an application, improving the land, and filing for deed of title.
Checks and Balances
different sections of the government have different powers and limits and structures to 'check' each other and minimize corruption (evens it out)
Invasion of Poland
succumbed  in three weeks to Hitler’s smashing strategy  of terror.
Bay of Pigs
unsuccessful attempt by refugees and US to overthrow Castro
French and Indian War
1754-1763 The war between Great Britain and France in North America. Britain became the dominant colonial power in the eastern half of North America.
Marbury vs. Madison
result was the principal of judicial review
Potsdam Conference
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
Covenant of Works
man can gain salvation and repentance for his sins by doing good “deeds”
William Clark and Meriwether Lewis
Meriwhether Lewis was Jefferson's personal secretary
William Clark was a young army officier
They both were sent by Jefferson to go on a 2 and a half year exploration from St. Louis to the Pacific coast.
They collected maps, scientific research, and knowledge of the region through Indians and experience.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
U.S Act that raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels
horizontal integration
person or company gains control of one aspect of an entire industry or manufacturing process, such as monopoly on auto assembly lines or coal mining
Louisiana Purchase (1803)
Purchase land for 15$ million from France, doubling the size of the US; Jefferson was concerned about the constitutionality of the purchase, but employed the empower of treaty making; removed France from western border of US; opened land to agrarian expansion
British navy would prevent
The British navy would prevent the approach of hostile fleets invading the Americas
They had to keep the South American markets open to British merchants.
What did NOT strengthen the federal government during John Marshall's tenure as Supreme Court Justice?
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Federal Trade Commission
1914 was to enforce the anti trust laws
63 Wilmot Proviso (1846)—
This bill was presented during the Mexican-American War. It stipulated that none of the territory acquired should be opened to slavery.
John Rolfe
Was one of the early settlers of North America. Was credited with the first successful cultivation and exportation of tobacco in North America. Was married to Pocohontas.
Second Bank of the US
created by the federal government and was located in Philadelphia
Tydings-McDuffie Act, 1934, Philippines
In 1933 the U.S. had proposed granting the Philippines independence in 12 years while retaining its military bases there. The Philippines rejected the offer and asked for immediate commonwealth status with independence by 1946. The U.S. accepted their offer in the Tydings-McDuffie Act.
In the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln forced Douglas to abandon his support for popular sovereignty. t or f
false - DOuglas adhered to popular sovereignty despite Lincoln's criticism
king williams war and queen annes war
early european trials for US land
On the issue of slavery, Abraham Lincoln:
opposed its extension into the territories.
"New South," Henry Grady (1850-1889)
1886 - His speech said that the South wanted to grow, embrace industry, and eliminate racism and Confederate separatist feelings. Was an attempt to get Northern businessmen to invest in the South.
23. John Dickinson defended the idea of no taxation without representation by arguing
a. Colonists owed no loyalty to the king
b. Parliament could not regulate trade
c. Colonists were too poor to be taxed
d. To tax people without their consent vio
d. To tax people without their consent violated English law
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