APUSH Vocab 11 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Dominion of New England
Mass. Colony

org. Mass bay company
john winthrop=governor
created General Court
right to vote/hold office- male church members
churches only open to "visible saints"
13th Amendment
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1865, that abolished slavery in the United STates and its territories.
"Square Deal"
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan for reform; all Americans are entitled to an equal opportinity to succeed
16th-19th ammendements
16- income tax
17- direct election
18- prohibition
19- women can vote
Jacob Leisler
American colonist, helped create Huguenot society and led Leisler's rebellion in New York.
Andrew Johnson
Tennessee senator who became Lincoln's running mate in 1864 and who succeeded the presidency after Lincoln's assassination
Non-Intercourse Act
This measure formally reopened trade with all the nations of the world, except Britain and France.
Slavery in the Chesapeake became primarily
race oriented
Anne Hutchinson

MA bay puritan banished for criticizing the colony's ministers/magistrates 
believed God's saints were exempt from rules of good behavior & laws of commonwealth
went to Rhode Island
Middle Passage
Muscovy Company spent large sums searching for a passage to China around Scandinavia and dispatched six overland expeditions in an effort to reach East Asia by way of Russia and Persia; this passage is nonexistent
Charles Finney
Presbyterian leader that advocated the Second Great Awakening by becoming a Revivalist.
Mayflower Compact
he first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Sarah Blagley
founded the Lowell Female Labor Reform
Anaconda Plan
Name applied to the strategy plannedfor subduing the seceded states in the Civil War by blockading the southern ports.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
abolitionist who wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
jonathan edwards
preached the sermon sinners in the hands of an angry god.
Henry David Thoreau
A transcendentalist that went even farther than Emerson in repudiating forces of society. He said each individual should work for self-realization by resisting pressures to conform to society's expectations and responding instead to his or her own instincts. He wrote Walden which supported his own effort to free himself and led him to build a small cabin in the Concord woods on the edge of Walden Pond, where he lived alone for two years as simply as he could. He was attempting to liberate himself from society.
During Woodrow Wilson's presidency, the irreconciliables and reservationalists have strong feelings against what?
the Treaty of Versailles
Battle of Chateau Thierry
Americans were successful at preventing the Germans from coming into the Marne and getting into Paris
The Grange
goal was to free farmers from middlemen to which they are forced to pay for grew into greenback prop
Bacon's Rebellion
Nathaniel Bacon led civil war (lower class against elite) as well as attacks on indians. Died with him.
Articles of Confederation
US government established in 1778 (loose confederation of states for defense) weakness led to writing of constitution
Hernan Cortes
Explored and conquered much of central Mexico and caused the fall of the Aztec empire.
Shuttle Diplomacy
Secretary of State Kissinger went to the Middle East to help in cease-fire agreements between Israel and Syria. Soviets tried to help out and sell arms too
Maryland Act of Toleration
granted religious freedom and allowed one to worship as they pleased
treaty of 1713
british got limited trading rights in spain
American Temperance Society
Was established in 1826. Within five years there were 2,220 local chapters in the U.S. with 170,000 members who had taken a pledge to abstain from drinking alcoholic beverages
Cairo Conference
November, 1943 - A meeting of Allied leaders Roosevelt, Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek in Egypt to define the Allies goals with respect to the war against Japan, they announced their intention to seek Japan's unconditional surrender and to strip Japan of all territory it had gained since WW I.
Navigation Acts
a series of laws passed by Parliament starting in the 1650s; restricted trade of colonies to England
Pinckney’s Treaty
1795 Treaty with Spain fearful of Jay Treaty with GB might threaten Spanish holdings in the West. Spain permitted U.S. navigation rights on the Mississippi and conceded U.S. right to lands east of the Mississippi.
Plymouth Colony
Founded by a group of separatists and anglicans, who together later came to be known as the Pilgrim Fathers, Plymouth Colony was, along with Jamestown, Virginia, one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in North America and the first sizable permanent English settlement in the New England region.
Lecompton Constitution 1857
Made in rivalry to the Topeka Constitution by Missouri slaveholders who ran across the border to make a slave constitution and send it off to Congress so that Kansas would be a slave state
"Big Jim" Pendergast
Democratic politician who was to be the first Big City Boss of Kansas City, Missouri.
Battle of the Thames
William Henry Harrison pushed up the river Thames into Upper Canada and on October 4, 1813, won a victory notable for the death of Tecumseh, who was serving as a brigadier general in the British army. This battle resulted in no lasting occupation of Canada, but weakened and disheartened the Indians of the Northwest.
The 1947 grant of $400 dollars to Europe was in accordance with which policy?
The Truman Doctrine
Roosevelt Corollary
stated that the US had the right to interveine in anywhere in the western hemisphere which they thought that "did harm to the US"Strenghen American power in Latin america and caused the saying Yankee go home
Boston Tea Party
- organized by the sons of liberty, the __ __ __ eventually forced the British to pass the Coercive Acts in 1775.
Macon's Bill No. 2 (1810)
created by Nathaniel Macon; it was against impressments of US sailors by Britain
Versailles Conference, Versailles Treaty
The Palace of Versailles was the site of the signing of the peace treaty that ended WW I on June 28, 1919. Victorious Allies imposed punitive reparations on Germany.
Manifest Destiny
The idea that it was a god given right for the people of the U.S to expand far westward
President John Adams, 1796
Second President of the US. He was one of the lawyers who agreed to defend the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre. At the Second Continental Congress in 1775, he pressed for a complete break with England . In 1778, he was sent to Europe to obtain a treaty of alliance with France. Later, he returned to France and in concert with Franklin and John Jay, negotiated the Treaty of Paris (1783) with Great Britain to end the revolution. He was elected the first vice president of the United States. In 1796, he overcame Hamilton's opposition to his candidacy to win a narrow victory for the presidency. Vilified by the Republicans for not vetoing the Alien and Sedition Acts, he was defeated for reelection by Jefferson in 1800.
By opposing the proslavery Lecompton Constitution in Kansas, Senator Stephen A. Douglas was able to unite the Democratic party. t or f
false - Douglas's opposition to the Lecompton Constitution divided the Democrats
Pendleton Civil Service Act & Civil Sercive Commission
test applicants and ensure that gov jobs were give to those who were qualified to get them
38. Which of the following was true of the Northeast American Indians tribes at the time Europeans first began colonization?
a. Their economies depended entirely on hunting and gathering
b. Their political and linguistic differences hindered their u
b. Their political and linguistic differences hindered their united opposition to the Europeans
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