APUSH Vocab 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions


 
Tariff of Abominations
1828
French and Indian War
1754-1760
Embargo of 1807


provoked by the Chesapeake incident 
prohibited exports from US ports
jefferson hoped to pressure B & F into recognizing neutral rights
damaged economy and bitterly resented
Merrimack
The Confederate's ironclad ship that fought the Union's Monitor
New France, also known as
O, Canada
5th amendment
due process and eminent domain
Social Security
social insurance program providing social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment and others
Freeport Doctrine
Stephen Douglas's belief, stated at Freeport, Illinois, that a territory could exclude slavery by writing local laws or regulations that made slavery impossible to enforce.
Seafaring New England
Pro-British Federalists in the Northeast sympathized with Britain and resented the Republican's sympathy to Napoleon.
New England treason: lent money and farm supplies to Canada, enabling British armies to invade New York.
Maryland's "Civil War"
Protestants overthrew William Stone (pro-tolerance Protestant), barred Catholics from voting, and repealed the Toleration Act. Stone raised an army, but was unsuccessful: Stone was imprisoned and three Catholic leaders were hanged
Articles of Confederation


first constitution in US
limited central authority 
gov didn't have right to tax or regulate trade
proved to be weak, and failed
John Smith
Captain; realized building houses and raising food was important; expert forager and Indian trader; pleaded with company official in London for colonists who worked with “hands”; in VA only two years
William Lloyd Garrison
Prominent American abolotionist that stated the newspaper called The Liberator
Anne Hutchinson
She preached antinomianism She was forced to leave Massachusetts in 1637. Her followers (the Antinomianists) founded the colony of New Hampshire in 1639.
Election 1876
utherford B. Hayes - liberal Republican, Civil War general, he received only 165 electoral votes. Samuel J. Tilden - Democrat, received 264,000 more popular votes that Hayes, and 184 of the 185 electoral votes needed to win. 20 electoral votes were disputed, and an electoral commission decided that Hayes was the winner - fraud was suspected.
Alamo
A Spanish mission converted into a fort, it was besieged by Mexican troops in 1836. The Texas garrison held out for thirteen days, but in the final battle, all of the Texans were killed by the larger Mexican force.
"Dollar Diplomacy"
Taft's policy, which called for acting in foreign affairs to achieve a financial benefit for the US
Enthusiastic public support
The Senate registered their prompt approval of the Louisiana Purchase.
Americans were not constitutionally concerned when offered the best real estate bargain in history of 828,000 square miles at three cents an acre.
Benevolent Empire
Institutions that formed part of a great network of charitable activities known as this, they helped the disabled.
About how much of the population was Loyalist?
20%-30%
Treaty of Paris1783
ended the revolutionary war GB recognized American independence and gave all the land in the Current us to the new nation.
Elizabeth I
English monarch who sought to balance extremes of protestant father (Henry VIII) and Catholic sister (Mary). Cared about political power (used Church of England to strengthen monarch) (2nd half of 1500s)
The plague
disease that killed over 1/3 of European population
Town meeting
Led to democracy in local government. Men met together and elected officials and appointed schoolmasters. They discussed small matters that would improve the colony.


 Fort Sumter
1861; the Union garrison at Fort Sumter needed supplies, so Lincoln sent out medicine and food. Jefferson Davis and his government wanted to have a conflict with the Union to gain support from the upper south, so they decided to take the fort, demanding its surrender. The fort refused and the southern forces opened fire on it to force it to surrender. Lincoln made a major call to arm that was met with enthusiasm in the North. These were the first shots of the civil war.
Baby Boom
(1950s) Marriages were very solid and stable during this time period, leading to an earlier marriage age. Because of this, the birthrate dramatically increased in the 50s. Because of this increase in births, improvements in diet, health, and medicine, the American population tremendously increased from 140 million in 1945 to 203 in 1970. The baby boom made the nation’s educational system expand. The need for food, diapers, toys, and other baby items helped support the economy. The 1950s and 1960s had great prosperity and economic growth because of the family spending on products and federal expenses on national security. Overall, family and children became cornerstone principles of America.
Joseph Smith
the creator of the Mormon faith, he claimed to have had a vision to begin a new church. The colony was cooperative with nature, efficient, and successful, but they were constantly forced to move. While they were in jail for the practice of polygamy, he and his brother were killed by a mob. Brigham Young became the new leader and eventually they went to Utah and founded Salt Lake City. They went on to make Utah a state.
charles wilson Peale
painter best known for his portraits of george washington
Trail Of Tears
Refers to the forced relocation in 1838 of the Cherokee Native American tribe to the Western United States, which resulted in the deaths of an estimated 4,000 Cherokees. Resulted from the enforcement of the Treaty of New Echota, an agreement signed under the provisions of the Indian Removal Act.
"Unconditional surrender"
It means the victor decides all the conditions the loser must agree to. The Allies wanted Germany and Japan to agree to unconditional surrender.
Jim Crow laws
State laws which created a racial caste system in the South. They included the laws which prevented blacks from voting and those which created segregated facilities.
149 Big Stick Policy—
nickname of Teddy Roosevelt’s bold foreign policy (gun boat diplomacy) in Latin America
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General of the United States from 1919 to 1921. Directed Palmer Raids
Compromise of 1877
Hayes promised to show concern for Southern interests and end Reconstruction in exchange for the Democrats accepting the fraudulent election results. He took Union troops out of the South.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union, he voted to aid workers in the Pullman strike. He was jailed for six months for disobeying a court order after the strike was over.
Francis Scott Key/Fort McHenry
United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on the Baltimore Fort, Fort McHenry, during the War of 1812. The poem later became the Star Spangled Banner
Margaret Sanger is best known for her
advocacy of birth control
Committee on Public Information
Headed by George Creel, they spread anti-German and Pro Allied propaganda through newsreels and lectures and the press
99 Dred Scott Case-
1857 Supreme Court case that developed the fact that slaves were property not persons entitled to constitutional rights. It was the second Supreme Court decision to declare a law unconstitutional—Missouri Compromise
Seneca Falls Convention
1848; the convention was in New York, led by Stanton and Mott. Mostly women, but some men, came. They devised a statement of women’s equality that they called their Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions; it greatly resembled the Declaration of Independence. They composed a list of grievances. They attacked the lack of suffrage for women.
Albany Plan of Union
Plan made after the French and Indian War that gave dominant control of Eastern United States and Canada to Britain
Reconstruction Finance Corporation, RFC
Created in 1932 to make loans to banks, insurance companies, and railroads, it was intended to provide emergency funds to help businesses overcome the effects of the Depression. It was later used to finance wartime projects during WW II.
Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
Worcester v Georgia was a response to Jackson's Indian Removal Act; Native Americans were supported by the Supreme court, but Jackson refused to enforce the court's decision; Cherokees were forces to give up land to the east of the Mississippi and travel to an area in present-day OK; migration effects were hunger, disease and exhaustion, which killed 4,000
"City on a Hill"
New Haven, MA (it was the closest city to heaven)
the conflict over slavery after the election of 1852 shortly led to
the death of the whig party
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
1940 - Formed by isolationists who believed that the U.S. could avoid going to war by giving aid in the form of supplies and money to the Allies, who would fight the war for us.
The victory at Saratoga was important because it…?
Brought France into the war as a formal American ally and partner.
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