APUSH Vocab 9 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Founding of Jamestown
Navigation Acts
1651, 1660, 1663

founded by philanthropics from london
wanted buffer between spain in FL and carolinas
leader=james oglethorpe
entry of blacks prohibited
alcohol banned
eventually became royal colony
John Brown
Abolitionist who fought proslavery settlers in Kansas in1855; he was hanged for treason after seizing the U.S. arsenal at Harpers ferry in 1859 as part of an effort to liberate southern slaves.
professional German soldiers hired by the British to fight for them
delegated powers
enumeral;exclusive to central federal government
believed god spoke to people individually rather than through "the holy people" such as priests
Abraham Lincoln
Illinois lawyer and politician who argued against popular sovereignty in debates with Stephan Douglas in 1858; lost the senatorial election to Douglas but was elected president in 1860.
An American fleet led by Thomas Macdonough challenged British invasion of New York.
Victory led N.E. from further disaffection and disolution of the Union.
Affected Anglo American negotiations
Pueblo Revolt
New Mexico: Native Americans angered by encomiendas, exploitation, and religious intolerance. Warriors from different pueblos converged under Popé, slaughtering neighboring Spanish residents and storming New Mexico's capital, Santa Fe. Control of Santa Fe led to the expulsion of the Spanish from New Mexico for 12 years
Committees of Correspondence

formed by colonial radicals
set up communication among the colonies
chief step in creating organized colonial wide resistance movement
possibility of America put forth for separatists; formed a joint-stock company (ppl paid for cost of trip in turn for half of profits of the venture); Sept 1620, about 100 (25 Pilgrims) left from Plymouth on Mayflower, arrived at Cape Cod Bay (called Plymouth); before going ashore set up Mayflower compact (equal and just laws for good of the colony); W.Bradford first governor; first December half died; then Squanto (Eng speaking Indian) appeared, helped them survive
Erie Canal
Man-made waterway that connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes
Town meeting
 democratic form of government common in the colonies
most prevalent form of local government in New England.
town’s voting population would meet once a year to elect officers, levy taxes, and pass laws.
Freeport Doctrine
COST DOUGLAS THE PRESIDENCY!!! backed away from Dred Scott saying that states could simply ignore the Dred Scott decision and make slaveholders leave by being hostile to them
DeLome Letter
Letter in which a Spanish ambassador criticizes President McKinley
"dead dogs"
priest who gave long boring sermons from the pulpit
The second continental congress of 1775 adopted...
...the Olive-Branch Petition.
Reconstruction Act 1867
placed southern states in military rule with the south being divided into 5 sections with military general in control of each region.
As president, Thomas Jefferson...
maintained close ties with congressional leaders.
native to NA, labor intensive (lots of indentured servitude), primary cash crop of Virginia. Allowed England to make colony profitable
The Federalist Papers
collection of eloquent and persausive papers written mostly by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton arguing all the defenses against Anti Federalist claims
Christopher Columbus
Was the first European (not counting Leif Erickson) to accidentally find North America while searching for a quicker, easier route west to Asia.
Fair Deal
(1949) Truman proposed to Congress a 21-point plan for expanded federal programs based on individual rights, including job rights, controls over monopolies, good housing, adequate medical care, economic protection in old age, and good education. He added support for civil rights to his Fair Deal in the 1949 State of the Union address. The Fair Deal was an extension of the New Deal, but its attention to civil rights reflected the importance of blacks in the Democratic Party. The Fair Deal had a new level of liberalism in the role of the state in extending to a greater number of citizens. Supporters of the Fair Deal believed that the essential role of the federal government was to manage the economy indirectly through policies. Despite Democratic majority, the Fair Deal met opposition in Congress; therefore, only certain parts of the Deal were passed.
Reasons for English Colonization
Religious freedom, profit (gold, raw materials, cash crops)
true or false: the roads were good in america
Burned Over District
A term that refers religious revivals to western New York. Puritan sermonizers were preaching "hell-fire and damnation." The Mormon religion was established by Joseph Smith, who claimed to have had a revelation from angel and they faced much persecution from the people and were eventually forced to move west. (Salt Lake City) After the difficult journey they greatly improved their land through wise forms of irrigation. The establishment and persecution of the Mormon religion revisited old themes that were around from the original colonists. The Mormons migration westward brought new prosperity to the unpopulated west and has become a prominent part in American society today.
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
Penn's “Holy Experiment”
William Penn considered his colony a “holy experiment”; he treated Indians fairly (bought title to their land and tried to protect them in their dealings with settlers and traders); anyone who believed in “one Almighty and Eternal God” was entitled freedom of worship; promoted it, and as a result attracted many settlers
166 2nd New Deal-
Legislative program focusing on REFORM begun by FDR in 1935 when the first attempt to end the Depression failed.
Great Migration
movement of 2 million blacks out of the Southern United States to the Midwest, Northeast and West from 1910 to 1930
Sumner-Brooks Affair 1856
Preston Brooks beat up Charles Sumner for insulting his uncle (Andrew Butler) in Congress over the Bleeding Kansas
New Woman, Flappers
1920's - Women started wearing short skirts and bobbed hair, and had more sexual freedom. They began to abandon traditional female roles and take jobs usually reserved for men.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, 1798/Nullification
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
What did NOT spark the support of the abolitionists?
conscription act
Gospel of Wealth
Stated that God gave them the power and wealth to those who most deserved it.
169 Good Neighbor Policy-
part of the new deal’s foreign policy which aimed at strengthening U.S. ties with Latin America.
Ralph Waldo Emerson.
1803-1882; Emerson was a writer and a popular speaker. The Emersonian approach (transcendentalism) was very individualistic. He criticizes society for supporting conformity and for suppressing self-reliance. He claims that society wants docile, obedient people.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Court case which said that the power to tax is the power to destroy and ruled against Maryland
Rudolph Valentino (1895-1926), Charlie Chaplin
Valentino, a romantic leading man, was one of the most popular dramatic stars of silent films. Chaplin was a popular star of silent slap-stick comedies.
Employment Act of 1946
A United States federal law. Its main purpose was to lay the responsibility of economic stability onto the federal government.
Convention of 1800 with Napolean Bonaparte
Treaty signed in Paris that ended France's peacetime military alliance with America, forgave France $20 million in damages and resulted in Adams' losing a second term as president. , Napolean was eager to sign this treaty so he could focus his attention on conquering Europe and perhaps create a New World empire in Lousiana. This ended the "quasi-war" between France and America.
What kind of opposition came to the scheme to make outright gifts of homesteads
eastern industrialists feared that their underpaid workers would be drained off to the west: south knew that gang-labor slavery could not flourish on a mere 160 acres (free farms of 160 acres would be given to the pioneers)
Bank of the United States
The Bank of the United States was a private institution, accountable not to the people, but to its elite circle of investors.
Battle of the Little Big Horn
1876 - General Custer and his men were wiped out by a coalition of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse.
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