APUSH Vocab Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Sugar Act
1764
*Pithy*
Brief, Meaningful, Laconic,
*Gorge*
Eat to excess[ANT: Fast]
New immigrants
southern and eastern european
Lenin
leader of the Bolsheviks, led revolution and worked to create a socialist economic system
Transcendentalism
Ralph Waldo Emerson; spiritual unity b/w God, humanity and nature
Whigs
British political party that believed in constitutional monarchy and was against absolute monarchy
Jim Crow Laws
educational and residential segregation; inferior facilities alloted to African Americans
Corrupt Bargain
Involved Quincy Adams, Calhoun, and Jackson running for president; Quincy Adams got Calhoun's votes
seneca falls
1st national meeting for women's suffrage held in 1848. Elizabeth Cady Stanton issued the "Declaration of Sentiments" calling for the equality of the sexes.
Halfway Covenant
church agreement created by Solomon Stoddard in 1662 which allowed descendants of Puritan church members to earn partial church membership, which would lead to an oath of allegiance
Second front
The Russians were suffering heavy casualties fighting the German invasion of Russia. Stalin urged the Allies to open a "second front" in the west to relieve the pressure on the Russians. The Allies did so, but only after a long delay.
Edmund Randolph
Governor of virginia who presented virginia plan
Robert E. Lee
commanding general for confederate army
Town meeting
Meetings concerning church and civil matters
ROYAL
TERM FOR COLONY UNDER DIRECT CONTROL OF THE ENGLISH CROWN.
American Protective Association
an American anti-Catholic society: Chief doctrine was that “subjection to and support of any ecclesiastical power not created and controlled by American citizens, and which claims equal, if not greater, sovereignty than the Government of the United States of America, is irreconcilable with American citizenship.”
Hartford Convention (1814)
Happened in Connecticut; said that when the War of 1812 was over, New England would succeed and be their own territory (working for Britain). It was against the Embargo Act.
Roger Williams
Radical founder of the most tolerant New England colony.
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. The treaties enacted under this act's provisions paved the way for the reluctant—and often forcible—emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West.
"Watchful Waiting"
Often said by President Monroe during the U.S.'s isolationism period, when the U.S. was trying to stay out of the affairs of other countries in order to avoid war.
Lee, Jackson
General Robert E. Lee and General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson were major leaders and generals for the Confederacy. Best military leaders in the Civil War.
McCulloch v. Maryland-
Established the principle of implied powers and upheld the constitutionality of the bank. “the power to tax is the power to destroy”.
Henry Ford
he made assembly line production more efficient in his Rouge River plant near Detroit- a finished car would come out every 10 seconds. He helped to make car inexpensive so more Americans could buy them.
Northwest Ordinance
: The Northwest Ordinance took place in 1787. They said that sections of land were similar to colonies for a while, and under the control of the Federal Government. Once a territory was inhabited by 60,000 then congress would admit it as a state. The original thirteen colonies were charters. Slavery was prohibited in these Northwest Territories. This plan worked so good it became the model for other frontier areas.
Chester A. Arthur
Appointed customs collector who used the spoils system heavily, succeeded Garfield after he was assassinated
Monroe Doctrine
Between Britain and US to stop maintaining aremed fleets on the Great Lakes; served as the first "disarmament" agreeent
George Custer
leader of the battle of Little Big Horn
New England conscience
The legacy of Puritan religion that inspired idealism and reform among later generations of Americans
Stamp Act
1765; taxes on all legal documents in colonies
Judicary Act of 1789
established federal district court for each states; 6 justicies of Supreme court; defined courts powers; created office of attorney general
Slave driver
A person that oversees the slaves of his plantation owner
Covenants of grace/works
Belief that promises eternal life for all people who are forgiven for sin by Christ
Homestead Act
It allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a fee of $30
Jane Addams
the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. She was a pioneer settlement worker and founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace.
New England Confederation
Formed in 1643 to provide for the defense of the four New England colonies; also acted as a court in disputes between colonies
Loans to the Allies
During WWII, loans were offered under the Lend-Lease Act, which became law March 11, 1914. The U.S. spent $54 billion.
"Talented Tenth"
According to W. E. B. DuBois, the ten percent of the black population that had the talent to bring respect and equality to all blacks.
Samuel de Champlain
A French explorer who sailed to the West Indies and Mexico and Panama. Wrote a lot of books about his trips to Mexico City and Niagara Falls. He was most known for hi exploration of the St Lawrence River and the settlement of Quebec.
PHILLIS WHEATLEY
FORMER SLAVE WHO BECAME A POET AT AN EARLY AGE.
Whiskey Rebellion
Began in 1791 in objection to a tax on whiskey to help pay off national debt under Hamilton's financial plan during Washington's administration.
Walker Tariff of 1846
est. a very low tariff on imported goods, delighting many of the South and disgusting many of the northerners
Worcester V. GA
was a case in which the United States Supreme Court vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester, holding that the Georgia criminal statute, prohibiting non-Indians from being present on Indian lands without a license from the state, was unconstitutional. 1832
Repeal of Sherman's Silver Purchase Act
1893 - Act repealed by President Cleveland to protect gold reserves.
50. What happened to Southern interest in slavery after Nat Turner's Rebellion in 1831?
 
a. It grew gradually due to the influence of abolitionism
b. Southern ministers became more militant in the sermons denouncing the evils of slavery
c. Southern
c. Southern states made it increasingly difficult for masters to free their slaves
the panic of 1857 encouraged the south to believe that
its economy was fundamentally stronger that that of the North
46. During the 1840's large numbers of Irish immigrated to the United States mainly because of
 
a. British persecutions in Ireland
b. U.S. policies offering free land
c. Support from the Irish American Aid Society
d. The development of textile mill
e. Famine resulting from the failure of the potato crop
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