APUSH Vocabulary 12 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Erie Canal
Inclination, Liking, Attraction
Terse, Brief, Succinct, Concise
203 SCLC
Southern Christian Leadership Conference was the Civil Rights organization founded by M.L. King Jr. in 1956
The forcible enlistment of sailors employed by the British.
Some six thousand bona fide U.S. citizens were captured by Britain.
Eisenhower's Farewell Speech
warned against miliary-industrial complex (power of military to affect path of democracy)
"free blacks"
Term used to describe African-Americans that were not slaves
Jay Gould

(1836-1892) an American financer who was involved in the railroad industry. He, at one time, owned the Erie, Wabash, Union Pacific, and Missouri Pacific Railway systems. Gould was very involved in the stock market. He was called a Robber Baron: a person who takes riches from the economic system and gives nothing back in return. Gould owned so many railways in the Southwestern states they were called the “Gould System.” He was very greedy until the end of his life, even when the stock market turned against him and he was losing money. 
Eli Whitney
Invented interchangeable parts and the cotton gin
a group or institution granted legal rights to carry on certain specified activities
James Otis
A colonial lawyer who defended (usually for free) colonial merchants who were accused of smuggling. Argued against the writs of assistance and the Stamp Act.
Truman-MacArthur Controversy
Truman removed MacArthur from command in Korea as punishment for MacArthur's public criticism of the U.S. government's handling of the war. Intended to confirm the American tradition of civilian control over the military, but Truman's decision was widely criticized.
James Madison
Father of the constitution; wrote virginia plan
Southern Democrats walked out of the Democratic party in 1860 when northerners nominated Stephen A. Douglas for president t or f
Jonathan Edwards
Fiery Puritan minister who led revivals in Mass. His sermons (including sinners in the hands of an angry god”) emphasized human corruption and gods power.
Henry George
an American writer, politician and political economist, who was the most influential proponent of the land value tax, also known as the "single tax" on land. He inspired the philosophy and economic ideology known as Georgism, which is that everyone owns what he or she creates, but that everything found in nature, most importantly land, belongs equally to all humanity.
War of 1812
The 2nd American Revolution between Britain and the US
Kent State
Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.
Billy Sunday (1863-1935)
Baseball player and preacher, his baseball background helped him become the most popular evangelist minister of the time. Part of the Fundamentalist revival of the 1920's.
Bret Harte
Wrote humorous short stories about the American West, popularized the use of regional dialects as a literary device.
123 Alfred Thayer Mahan
Naval historian who influenced American Imperialism and a world wide naval arms race with his support of large capital ships (battleships) and large navies to protect overseas colonial holdings & trade.
Once the Civil War was over, the threat of U.S. intervention forced Napoleon III to withdraw his support of Maximilian in Mexico t or f
Joseph R. McCarthy/McCarthyism
practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence, created by Joseph R McCarthy.
Haymarket Affair

 (1886) Because of an 8 hour strike, inspired by the cause of the 8 hour work day,  in Chicago that left 4 dead, local anarchists held a protest meeting in Haymarket Square. Police tried to break up the meeting, leading someone to throw a bomb that killed police, leading to wild gun fire. The anarchists, though there was no evidence, were tried, convicted, and sentenced for the murder and criminal conspiracy. This Haymarket Square Incident was blamed on the Knights of Labor, leading to their ultimate demise. 
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful attempt by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba with support from US government armed forces, to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
Act which gave Indians full citizenship
Peter Stuyvesant
Conqueror of New Sweden who later lost New Netherland to the English
The cartoon above is a commentary on late-nineteenth-century
municipal corruption
Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne
carried too much equipment that wore them down and they were defeated at Saratoga
7 Hats
1) commander and chief of armed forces 2)chief of state 3)chief diplomat 4)chief legislater 5)chief jurist 6)chief politician 7)chief executive
New Spain
Land colonized by Spaniards in the New World
Daniel Shays
Daniel Shays was a radical veteran of the Revolution. He led a rebellion, fittingly named Shays Rebellion. He felt he was fighting against a tyranny. The rebellion was composed of debtors demanding cheap paper money, lighter taxes, and suspension of mortgage foreclosures. He was sentenced to death but was later pardoned. The rebellion in 1786 helped lead to the Constitution and Shay somewhat became one of the Founding Fathers.
Ex Parte Milligan
Was a United States Supreme Court case that ruled suspension of Habeas Corpus by President Abraham Lincoln as constitutional
Washington's Farewell Address
The speech given at the end of Washington's term as President of the United States. He warned about the danger of sectionalism, political parties, and permanent foreign alliances.
Robert M. LaFollette (1855-1925)
A great debater and political leader who believed in libertarian reforms, he was a major leader of the Progressive movement from Wisconsin.
Townshend Acts - 1767
levies on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea; also set up courts w/out juries to enforce trade laws; colonists responded w/more boycotts and increased their own manufacturing
The chief justice who spoke for the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision was:
Roger B. Taney.
Fort Sumter
april 12, 1861
south fires first shots of civil war. 
federal fort= military bases that are being taken over by south as they secede
now there are only 2 forts left in the union and this one in south carolina is running out of supplies
lincoln decides to provision with supplies but not reinforce with weapons
south carolina still thinks this decision is unacceptable so they open fire on fort
fort sumter surrenders
opening shots of civil war made by confed (in long run is good for union)
unified northern public opinion
Define "vertical integration" and who used this method?
Combining into one organization all phases of manufacturing from mining to marketing. Carnegie, the steel king used this method.
Works Progress Administration WPA
took people that were on relief and employed them for 30-35 hours a week . engaged in construction projects like schools and buildings
72. To Andrew Jackson, the spoils system
a. Denied qualified persons the right to keep federal jobs
b. Was needed in the absence of civil service laws
c. Benefited the political process
d. Was a political practice beyond his ability to control
c. Benefited the political process
"Sick Man of Europe," Ottoman Empire, Balkan Wars
Because the Ottoman Empire's internal authority had broken down, it was not able to keep order in Macedonia and Albania, and the Balkans were on the verge of war. After the second Balkan war, Bulgaria was forced to surrender much of the territory it won in the first Balkan war.
89. The paternalistic factory system of Lowell and Waltham did not last long because
a. Workers resented being watched over so carefully
b. In the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs
c. Unions undermined t
b. In the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs
Among the major sources of the tension b/t Britain and U.S. in 1840s was:a. American involvement in Canadian rebellions and border disputesb. British support for American abolitionistsc. American anger at British default on canal and railroad linesd. Amer
a. American involvement in Canadian rebellions and border disputes
59. Dorothea Dix was inspired to dedicate her life to a humanitarian Crusade by
a. The mistreatment of women factory workers
b. Conditions in the poorly funded public schools
c. Discovery of the confinement of the mentally ill in local jails
d. Th
c. Discovery of the cofinement of the mentally ill in local jails
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