APUSH Vocabulary 18 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
William Jennings Bryan
Ratification of US Constitution
a non-profit physician-led umbrella organization for 24 of the 26 approved medical specialty boards in the United States that volunteered many nurses to the allies during the Vietnam War
new england
where most schools were, collages
Question 53: What characterizes Roosevelt's big stick campaign?
world policy
Boss Tweed
American politician that became political boss of NYC and New York State that influenced companies and labor of the state
Carnegie libraries
Carnegie contributed 60 million dollars for the construction of public libraries.
name for the pre-Republican party who was against slavery
Ice Age
Extended period when glaciers covered most of the North American continent
vertical integration
controlling every aspect of production (Rockefeller)
Ostend Manifesto
American ambassadors to Great Britain, France, and Spain met in Ostend, Belgium in 1854 to issue an unofficial document that gave the United States permission to attain Cuba by any necessary means, even force, and include the island in the Union. President Pierce, however, rejected the manifesto.
Australian ballot
required voters to vote in private
US Constitution
The foundation of our country's national government; was drafted in Philadelphia in 1787; the Constitution establishes a government with direct authority over all citizens, it defines the powers of the national government, and it establishes protection for the rights of states and of every individual.
Panama Canal construction

 (1901) Britain surrendered its join canal rights in 1901, giving Roosevelt the opportunity to pursue a canal in Panama. Roosevelt proposed a treaty to Colombia, who owned Panama, but Colombia turned the treaty down. Instead, Roosevelt covertly supported a revolution for an independent Panama in Colombia. In November 1901 the Untied States recognized an independent Panama, allowing Roosevelt to get a lease on a canal zone there. It cost 40 million for a 10 mile wide canal zone. The construction was difficult and including the building of a large series of locks and the eradication of malaria and yellow fever. Roosevelt considered this the greatest engineering feat in history and his greatest contribution during his presidency. The canal was finished in 1914. 
marriage or cohabitation between a man and woman of different races, esp., in the U.S., between a black and a white person.
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
debates over the economy that gets involved in slavery. Douglas wins the debates. The debates increase sectionalism in the states
Bataan Death March
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
Declaratory Act (1766)
a declaration by the British Parliament, accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act, stated that Parliament's authority was the same in America as in Britain and asserted Parliament's authority to make laws binding on the American colonies
America First Committee
1940 - Formed by die-hard isolationists who feared the U.S. going to war.
Joseph Pullitzer
A muckraker who designed the modern newspaper format (factual articles in one section, editorial and opinion articles in another section).
84 Antietam –
Bloodiest single day of fighting during the Civil War resulted in a draw and prompted Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.
Iran-Contra scandal
political scandal in the United States that came to light during the Reagan administration. the attempt of U.S officials to release U.S hostages in Iran by selling them arms
Montgomery Bus Boycott
political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, USA, intended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transit system
Containment Policy
George F. Kennan was the State Department official who wrote the "Mr. X Letters." In these letters, Kenman supported the containment of communist expansion anywhere around the world
Hudson River School
art and literature school founded by Thomas Cole
A person who works under a master to acquire instruction in a trade or profession
1. Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Red Scare of the 1920s
great paarnoia thinking that everything around them that was wrong as soviet caused
163. Galloway Plan
A plan proposed at the First Continental Congress which would have created an American parliament appointed by colonial legislatures. It was defeated by one vote.
James I
gave the Virginia Company a charter to form Jamestown/ Virginia colony. Eventually took it away and made virginia the first royal colony. Gave LOTS of land grants in New world.
Santa Fe Ring
Group of lawyers, politicians and land speculators who stole millions of acres of land from the public domian and took 80% of Mexican holdings in New Mexico.
Annexation of Hawaii

 (1898) After deciding to keep the Philippines, Hawaii was annexed in 1898 after the finish of the Spanish-American war. Hawaii became a halfway station from America to the Philippines, giving it great importance because the war was fought in Cuba (Puerto Rico) and the Philippines. The main reasons for this war were the harsh treatment of the Cubans by the Spanish as the Cubans cried for Independence. American yellow journalism showed the harshness of the Spanish concentration camps, creating humanitarian feelings in America. The attack on national honor of the destruction of the battleship Maine also challenged America. The two navy victories at Manila Bay in the Philippines and Santiago clinched the war for America.
Age of Reason
Written by Thomas Paine in 1794, it advocated the religious philosophy of Deism. He disliked churches and made this fact clear in his book.
John Stevons
In 1820, he ran a locomotive and cars around a circular track on his New Jersey estate. This was an experiment with steam engines propelling land vehicles.
Dawes Plan, Young Plan
Post-WW I depression in Germany left it unable to pay reparation and Germany defaulted on its payments in 1923. In 1924, U.S. Vice President Charles Dawes formulated a plan to allow Germany to make its reparation payments in annual installments. This plan was renegotiated and modified in 1929 by U.S. financier Owen Young.
Coercive Acts - 1774
reaction to Tea Party; closed Boston harbor, changed MA charter, provided for trial transfers to outside colony; punished community for individuals’ crimes
Lincoln's temporary violations of civil liberties were strongly opposed by Congress. t or f
false - Congress approved Lincoln's acts
Interstate Commerce Act
set up fair rate schedules for railway freight and prohibited special rates for trusts and length of the haul
Stamp Act Congress of 1765
9 of the colonies participated in sending 27 delegates to New York City in protestation of the Stamp Act; they drew up a list of rights and grievances and sent it to the king asking to repeal the Act also showed the first signs of unified colonial action, first non-importation agreement against British goods.
George Fitzhugh, Sociology for the South, or the Failure of Free Society
The most influential propagandist in the decade before the Civil War. In his Sociology (1854), he said that the capitalism of the North was a failure. In another writing he argued that slavery was justified when compared to the cannibalistic approach of capitalism. Tried to justify slavery.
Working Men’s Party and the National Trades’ Union
1830’s; artisans protested for shorter days and fair wages (for the hours), which led to the establishment of the Mechanics Union of Trade Associations in Philadelphia. They wanted to secure fair balance of power, so they founded this Working Men’s Party, which sought to get rid of banks, get a universal system of education, and gain equal taxes. The National Trades’ Union brought together local Unions from Boston to Philadelphia, binding different trades in the first regional Union.
Big Four: Wilson, George, Clemenceau, Orlando
Leaders of the four most influential countries after World War I - U.S., Britain, France and Italy, respectively.

Ida B. Wells, Memphis "Free Speech"
Editor, who devoted her efforts to campaigning against lynching and the Jim Crow laws.
29. The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States
a. Was not concerned with the type of government other countries might have
b. Was concerned only with the type of government that the countries might have
c. Would not tolerate any new European
d. Claimed the Western Hemisphere as its exclusive one of influence
Civil War Amendments 13, 14, 15
13 says no slavery, 14 says all people born in US are citizens and under federal jurisdiction, 15 says all males can vote
/ 46

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online