APUSH Vocabulary 29 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Fetid
Smelly, Stinky
hyphenated americans
Ex. Irish-american, polish-american
Wanted a mix of the two cultures. Chose to assimilate but sought cultural identity.
Baptists
Nonestablished religious group that benefited from the Great Awakening
Fluctuate
Vary, Change, Come and go
heresy
departure from correct or officially defined belief
The Liberator
formed by William Lloyd Garrison
Woodrow Wilson
Progressive president following Taft that passed Federal Reserve Act, Federal Trade Commission Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act, the Federal Farm Loan Act and America's first-ever federal progressive income tax Revenue Act of 1913
Potsdam Conference:
(1945) This conference brought together the US, Britain, and the Soviet Union following the end of WWII. The conference, attended by President Truman, revealed serious cracks in the Grand Alliance. Concerning the four-zone Germany, the Allies agreed to disarm the country, dismantle its military production facilities, and permit the occupying powers to extract reparations from the zones they controlled; however, no plans were made for future reunification of Germany.
Baptist revival
Baptists' central ritual was adult baptism, often involving complete immersion in water; slaves welcomed; give spiritual meaning to the lives of the poor; didn't bring radical changes to the social order
Royal Charter
Royal document granting a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their rights as English citizens
Jay's Treaty
1794; British withdrawal from the posts that they occupied in the Northwest Territory
Dollar Diplomacy
state that American investment abroad would ensure stability and good realtions between America and nations abroad.
Townshend Acts
named after the British political leader who wrongly believed that this external “tax” or “duty” would be accepted by the colonies.
New Freedom
Wilson's campaign slogan for election of 1912. They called for less government but in practice as president he added new controls such as the Federal Reserve System and the Clayton Antitrust Act
 

JACKSON ADMINISTRATION: 
NULLIFICATION CRISIS: SOUTH CAROLINA

 
nullified tariff of 1832, formally with convention, SC will not obey this federal law- refuse. other sothern states agreed to it tho- rolled eyes at SCs rebellioness 
war in west:
tennessee theater
 


feb-april 1862
emergence of Ulysses S. Grant as union gen
he was an alcoholic so he resigned from army but was allowed to fight in this war when they called for volunteers
fort henry
fort donelson "unconditional surrender"
shilo
army and navy used to caputre mississippi river
American Scholar
given by Ralph Emerson, it exhorted Americans to be original in their literature and art. He stressed self-reliance, individualism, optimism, and freedom.
Russo-Japanese War
Conflict between Russia and Japan over territories, establishes Japan as a world power and opens up Asian countries to trade
conversion
a religious turn to God, thought by Calvinists to involve an intense, identifiable personal experience of grace
Maysville Road Veto
vetoed by Jackson since government funds for the Maysville Road would only benefit one state
Revenue Act of 1921
the administration proposed large reductions in the amounts of taxes that the wealthiest Americans would pay
First Continental Congress
They discussed a compromise. They passed a Declaration of Rights and Grievances Which demanded the appeal of the Coercive Acts and they threatened to cut off exports to Britain. Parliament rejected William Pitt’s (now the Earl of Chatham) and Lord Dartmouth’s proposals of compromise. They also criticized the Declaratory Act.
John Deere
Created the steel "singing plow" that increased agricultural productivity with less labor required
Valley Forge
Valley in PA where continental army spent long and hard (yes, That's what she said) winter. Lafayette came and helped train soldiers. Profiteering and lack of citizen support contributed .
THE "NEW" DEMOCRACY (Jacksonian):
POLITICAL


Universal manhood sufferage: every white adult male votes; 1st state: vermont
Active government: differ from Jeffersonians
Party System
Nominating Conventions
Office holding: who is going to be elected to positions, more common men
+ more democratic
- "mob" not educated or knowledgable but the popular less competent won
PHILADELPHIA
LEADING CITY OF THE COLONIES; HOME TO BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
W.E.B DuBois
an intellectual leader of the black community in America. In multiple roles as civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and editor.
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote, heavily disliked by Wilson
Oliver Wendell Holmes
A Boston essayist, poet, and physician who published his findings from a study of large numbers of cases of "puerperal fever" and concluded that the disease could be transmitted from one person to another.
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
1850 - Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Abrogated by the U.S. in 1881.
Northern Confederacy
stated that they wanted to leave the nation and seceed after the Louisana Purchase was made
Coxey's army
1893 - Group of unemployed workers led by Jacob Coxey who marched from Ohio to Washington to draw attention to the plight of workers and to ask for government relief. Government arrested the leaders and broke up the march in Washington.
League of Nations
In 1919, after the war, Wilson proposed the League in the 14th point of his peace plan. He envisioned it as an Assembly with seats for all nations and a special council for the great powers. The US voted not to join the League because in doing so, it would have taken away our self-determination, and Congress could not decide whether to go to war or not.
Jackson’s destruction of the bank
early 1830’s; Jackson appointed Roger B. Taney as secretary of the treasury, and got him to withdraw all government money from the national bank, putting the money in state banks. Clay and Jackson’s opponents in the Senate passed a resolution that warned of tyranny, but Jackson ignored it. When the bank’s national charter ran out, it became a state bank. Jackson had destroyed national banking.
March on Washington
(August 28, 1963) Organized by Martin Luther King Jr., Roy Wilkins, Whitney Young, and Bayard Rustin, around 250,000 blacks and whites held a march on Washington. This march was supposed to arouse the conscience of the nation and bring support to Kennedy’s Bill. At the Lincoln Memorial, King gave his famous “I had a dream speech.” This March on Washington was the highlight of the nonviolence portion of the civil rights movement; because of king’s speech and the mixture of blacks and whites, this event did more than any other protest to encourage white Americans to accept the civil rights movement. This event also confirmed King’s position as a leader and speaker for the black cause, earning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Though this occurrence improved the overall public opinion of the civil rights movement, not many congressional votes were changed.
Carry Nation
woman who would go into bars with an axe and a Bible and would chop up the bars (during the temperance movement)
Proclamation of 1763
passed by George III to keep colonists from moving west into native lands to prevent further war, designated a line between colonies and native lands
South Carolina Exposition
made by John C. Calhoun, was published in 1828. It was a pamphlet that denounced the Tariff of 1828 as unjust and unconstitutional.
154. Committees of Correspondence
These started as groups of private citizens in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New York who, in 1763, began circulating information about opposition to British trade measures. The first government-organized committee appeared in Massachusetts in 1764. Other colonies created their own committtees in order to exchange information and organize protests to British trade regulations. The Committees became particularly active following the Gaspee Incident.
3. As originally ratified, the United States Constitution provided for
 
a. Political parties
b. A presidential cabinet
c. The direct election of senators
d. An electoral college
e. A two-term presidential limit
d. An electoral college
G.I. Bill of Rights
This bill was created to compensate veterans of WWII. It provided money that could be used toward buying a house, investing in business, or going to college to continue education.
Who was not a prominent leader of the antislavery movements?
Brookes (racist bastard!!!)
Joseph Pulitzer William, Randolph Hearst: yellow journalism
u.s acquired these lands from spain thru the treaty of paris (1898), which ended the Sp-Am War
Sensationalism in newspaper publishing that reached a peak in the circulation war between Puliters and Heart in the 1890's
Battle of Wounded Knee
1890 - The Sioux, convinced they had been made invincible by magic, were massacred by troops at Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
2. The survivla of the Jamestown colony can be mostly directly attributed to the
 
a. Religious spirits of the settlers
b. Management of the Virginia company
c. Development of a tobacco industry
d. Location of the settlement
e. Nobles diligent sear
c. Development of a tobacco industry
General Andrew Jackson/Battle of New Orleans, 1815
General Jackson led the Battle of New Orleans when British troops attacked American soldiers in New Orleans. the War of 1812 had officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent but Americans did not know yet
Treaty of Tordesillas (June 7, 1494)
Divided the known world along a line west of thehAzores between Spain and Portugal.
26. The election of 1800 has been referred to as constituting "another revolution" because
 
a. The House of Representatives decided the election
b. A Supreme Court decision was required to dislodge the Federalists
c. Voter turnout increased dramatic
d. The party in power stepped down after losing the election
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