APUSH Vocabulary 8 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Lilliputian
Tiny
Anthracite Coal Strike
Oberlin
First college for women
Bond drives
Celebrities and government representatives traveled around the U.S. selling government bonds ot raise money for the war effort. Extremely successful in raising funds.
Puritans
religion of New England, specifically Massachusetts
yellow journalism
exaggerated media (Pulitzer and Hearst)
Thorstein Veblen
A Norwegian-American sociologist and economist and a primary mentor, along with John R. Commons, of the institutional economics movement. He was an impassioned critic of the performance of the American economy, and is most famous for his book The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899).
Washingtons Cabinet
secretary of state-Thomas Jefferson 1790-93 Edmund Randolph 1794-95 Timothy Pickering 1795-97 Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, 1789 Oliver Wolcott, Jr., 1795 Secretary of War Henry Knox, 1789 Timothy Pickering, 1795 James McHenry, 1796 Attorney General Edmund Randolph, 1789 William Bradford, 1794 Charles Lee, 1795
Great Migration
Settlement of over twenty thousand Puritans in Massachusetts Bay and other parts of New England between 1630 and 1642.
lawyers
not considered a honorable job, "noisy windbags"
Cajuns
an ethnic group mainly living in Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles
confiscate
to seize private property for public use, often as a penalty
Progressives
They fought against a variety of things such as monopolies, corruption, inefficiency and social injustices. Their main goal was to use the government as an agency of human welfare.
Tet Offensive
military campaign during the Vietnam War that fought against South Vietnam who tried to strike civilian control bases that supported South Vietnam
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated:
by John Wilkes Booth.
Columbian Exposition
Chicago's World Fair to celebrate Christopher Columbs's arriva in the New World.
Great Compromise
aka the Connecticut Compromise. Mixed the NJ and VA plan to have bicameral legislation.
Greenbacks
Name for the group of people who federally supported currency
Lord Baltimore
granted land by Charles I, became first proprietor, son Cecilius Calvert founded Maryland as refuge for Catholics
Quebec Act
set a dangerous precedent in America against jury trials and popular assemblies. French were guaranteed their Catholic region. they were also permitted to retain many of their old customs and institutions and Quebec boundaries were moved. Reason for this was because 60,000 or more conquered French subjects in Canada. Colonists were enraged by the use of Catholicism in their predominantly Protestant colonies
Taxation without Representation


colonies being taxed but not colonial representation in parliament
after sugar act colonial slogan became "no taxation without representation"
wagner Act
reaffirmed the rights of workers to org. and to utilize collective bargaining.
19th Amendment
Granted women the right to vote (1920)
Rough Riders
name given to 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry for Spanish-American War
Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)
U.S. federal legislation which secured certain rights to Native Americans. Privatized Indian holdings and allowed return to self-government
Bleeding Kansas 1856
after Kansas Nebraska act, republicans from north flooded into Kansas to try and make it a free state but then people from Missouri rushed in and tried to pass a pro-slavery constitution. Led to Violence and precipitated Civil war
Panic of 1873, depression
Unrestrained speculation on the railroads let to disaster - inflation and strikes by railroad workers. 18,000 businesses failed and 3 million people were out of work. Federal troops were called in to end the strike.
Trail of Tears
The forced journey of Native Americans west of the Mississippi River; created by Jackson, but initiated by Van Buren
selective service act
DRAFT outlined who could be drafted and who was excused WOMEN could not be African Americans signed up volunteer units
 
 
Francis Parkman (1823-1893)
 
An historian who wrote about the struggle between France and Britain for North America.
Home Owners Loan Corp.
Borrows money to prevent foreclosures First 100 Days
Southern Response to Slavery
Defense shifted from "necessary evil" to positive good; used any way to justify slavery; both defensive and abolition sentiment increased
Which of the following stood for sweeping change in the South and full equality for the freedmen?
the Radical Republicans.
Pendleton Act of 1883


 (1883) The spoils system said that government appointments were to be rewards for the people who had served the winning political party. Many disliked this so called scramble for office, so the Pendleton Act was created. This act said that there was to be a list of positions to be filled upon the basis of an examination. This examination would be administered by the newly created Civil Service Commission. This act did cause public administration to rise, but it only covered a mere 10% of federal jobs. The White house was still preoccupied with this issue. 
Great Society
A set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Two main goals of social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation were launched during this period. The Great Society in scope and sweep resembled the New Deal domestic agenda of Franklin D. Roosevelt, but differed sharply in types of programs enacted.
North 36 30,except Missouri
Future slave bondage in the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase north of the line of 36 30' was prohibited.
John Lock "Social Contract"
enlightened author who served as a validation for America's Quest for Liberty
Webb Alien Land Law
1913 prohibited Asians who were not citizens from owning land anywhere in the state.
126 Dollar Diplomacy –
a type of economic imperialism in which the Taft administration’s use of monetary power to create dependency among Latin Amer. Countries to the U.S.
Dred Scott v Sanford 1857
case which established principles in Calhoun Memorandum. Slave is property so people can take them wherever they want
Great White Fleet
Name of US ship fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe, demonstrated growing naval power for the US
James K. Polk
James K. Polk was the Speaker of the House of Representatives for four years and governor of Tennessee for two terms, ran for president in the Democratic Party in 1844 against Henry Clay. He had 4 main goals in his presidency..o 1. A lower tariff. Robert J. Walker- Secretary of Treasury to James Polk; devised the Walker Tariff of 1846, a tariff-for-revenue bill that reduced the rates of the Tariff of 1842 from 32% to 25%.o 2. The second goal of Polk was to restore the independent treasury, which the Whigs dropped in 1841 because the Whigs won the presidency.o 3./4. The third and fourth goals of Polk were the acquisition of California and the settlement of the Oregon dispute without violence. Britain presented Polk with the Oregon Country up to 490. The offer was approved and a reasonable compromise was reached without a shot fired.
On what date did the first shooting of the Civil War take place?
April 12, 1861
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Presented the ideas of natural rights, religion, freedom of speech ,and property
The Resumption Act, passed by Congress in 1875:
allowed for the redemption of greenbacks in gold.
58. The 1649 Maryland Toleration Act did which of the following?
 
a. Removed all restrictions on the practice of religion
b. Provided for separation of church and state
c. Granted religious freedom to all Christians who accepted the Trinity
d. Led
c. Granted religious freedom to all Christians who accepted the Trinity
Lincoln argued that his assertion of executive power and suspension of certain civil liberties was justified because
it was necessary to set aside small provisions of the Constitution in order to save the Union
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