APUSH Vocabulary 9 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Republican Party
1858
Presidental term
4 years
*Pernicious*
Evil, Bad, Harmful[ANT: Innocuous]
Jurisdiction
mostly statute laws; =constitutional issues
Panama Canal
Major construction under Roosevelt's presidency that was obtained in an agreement with Colombia
XYZ Affair
French foreign minister (Talleyrand) demanded a bribe in in exchange for a meeting with American peace commission
Fordism
Refers to various social theories about production and related socio-economic phenomena. It has varying but related meanings in different fields, as well as for Marxist and non-Marxist scholars.
Benevolent Empire
1820’s; well-to-do Americans created organizations to help the less fortunate. They began social reform and regulation, instilling moral discipline, combating alcoholism, prostitution, and crime, and performing charity. The people involved were ministers and like-minded merchants and their wives. Women played a role in this, founding charity organizations.
gang system
enslaved people were organized into work gangs that labored from sunup to sundown
Lusitania
british liner sunk by german u boats
Dorothea Dix
Activist who helped improve conditions of mental patients
Gentlemen's Agreement
In 1907 Theodore Roosevelt arranged with Japan that Japan would voluntarily restrict the emmigration of its nationals to the U.S.
Electoral College
number of house and senate members
Repartimiento
Limited native laborers a town owner could command
Three-fifths Compromise
resolution to the conflict concerning slave representation that concluded 3/5 of the slave vote would be counted towards the overall vote
Samuel Gompers
Formed the American Federation of Labor
Squanto
A Pokanoket fluent in English who helped the Pilgrims of Plymouth.
Yellow-dog contract
employers made their workers sign this contract saying that they wouldn't join labor unions
league of nations
wilsons peace keeping force member nations would keep the peace
committees of correspondence
Samuel Adams started the first committee in Boston in 1772 to spread propaganda and secret information by way of letters. They were used to sustain opposition to British policy. The committees were extremely effective and a few years later almost every colony had one.
Supreme Court cases
Legal Tender cases, Minor vs. Happensett, Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad Company v. Illinois, E.C. Knight Company case, Pollock v. Farmer's Loan & Trust Company, and In Re Debs.
Undeclared Naval War
undeclared war between France and America; France seized American ships trading with Britain; French were angry b/c Americans violated the Treaty of Alliance
164 Fourteen Points—
In 1919 President Woodrow Wilson proposed this plan to the Allied Powers to avoid future wars.
Popular sovereignty:
would allow the people of each territory to decide the issue of slavery.
Sand Creek
Chief Black Kettle and his Cheyennes came to sand creek for protection. 105 women and children killed 28 men, sparked indian retalliation
Treaty of Portsmouth
End of Russo-Japanese War over Russia's refusal to withdraw its troops from Manchuria
Tammany Hall
Political machine in New York, headed by Boss Tweed.
Morrill Tariff Act (1861)
protective tariff which contributed to the cause of the Civil War
pet banks
A term used by Jackson's opponents to describe the state banks that the federal government used for new revenue deposits in an attempt to destroy the Second Bank of the United States; the practice continued after the charter for the Second Bank expired in 1836.
Seneca Falls Convention
1848; women's rights; led by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Who settled the colony of Georgia for the English?
James Oglethorpe
Boxer Rebellion, 1900
A group of Chinese patriots rebelled to remove all foreigners from China.
Panic of 1837
U.S financial crisis based on the assumption of debt by Andrew Jackson
Fair Labor Standards Act
established a national minimum wage, guaranteed 'time-and-a-half' for overtime in certain jobs, and prohibited most employment of minors in oppressive child labor
Social Gospel
The movement of churches to tackle the social issues of modern day.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Established the lost colony of Roanoke Island (off the coast of North Carolina) under the English in 1587. The colony disappeared by 1590.
Peter Stuyvesant and New Netherland
Dutch settlement in present-day New York with peg-legged leader
Mary Ellen Lease
A speaker for the Populist Party and the Farmer's Alliance. One of the founders of the Populist Party.
John Bell
He was a moderate and wanted the union to stay together. After Southern states seceded from the Union, he urged the middle states to join the North.
Black Hawk War
U.S troops were sent to invade Indian land causing war in the Michigan and Illinoise region.
Gospel of Wealth
It was the idea that the wealthy, entrusted with society's riches had to prove themselves morally responsible.
Jefferson was forced to reverse
Forced to reverse many of the political principles he had championed.
There were two Jeffersons:
One was the scholarly private citizen, who philosophized in his study.
The other was the harassed public official, who discovered that bookisk theories did not always work when applied to real politics.
Lord North
was the PM of Gb in 1770 who repealed all the Townshend Acts except the tea tax to show who was still in command.
Seven Years War/French & Indian War
Conflict caused by the common competition between Brit colonist and the French over control of the fur trade. The complex conflict drew Europeans and Indians into competition on the frontier for years.
During the 1930's, the Great Depression led to
a mass internal migration of Americans looking for work
59. Which of the following increased southern planters' reliance on slaves?
 
a. Missouri Compromise
b. Invention of the steamboat
c. Invention of the cotton gin
d. Lowell System
e. Louisiana Purchase
c. Invention of the cotton gin
What changes in the Constitution did New Englanders recommend at the Hartford Convention?
limitation on the president to a single term in office New Englanders were growing tired of Virginia's grip on the presidency.
23. In Marbury v. Madison, the United States Supreme Court affirmed
 
a. Its right to determine the constitutionality of state court decision
b. Its right to determine the constitutionality of states laws
c. Its right to determine the constitutionali
c. Its right to determine the constitutionality of congressional enactments
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