ARH100 Lesson 10 Flashcards

Ansel Adams
Terms Definitions
side view
Persistence of Memory
Empty Dream
Mariko Mori.
This Post-Impressionist painter approached the use of color with an almost scientific rigor, developing his pointillistic technique and exploiting the phenomenon of optical mixture.
The School of Athens
offering for the gods
Ansel Adams
A twentieth-century American photographer particularly noted for his black-and-white depictions fo the American West, including Yosemite National Park. He stressed the importance of straightforward photography and high-quality printing techniques.
having height, weight and depth
Arnolfini Double Portrait
Jan van Eyck
sacred boundary of the city
This ancient culture, considered the "mother civilization" of Mesoamerica, left us 17 monumental stone heads, some weighing as much as 20 tons.
Organic shape
irregular, free-flowing shapes that are derived from nature. not composed of straight and perfectly arced lines.
printmaking techniques where the image areas are level with the surface of the printing plate. Lithography and monotype are examples of methods.
late 20C movement that reflects artists interest in the expressive capability of art, seen earlier in Abstract Expressionism.
still life
representation of an inanimate objects
Paul Cézanne
French postimpressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)
the branch of philosophy concerned with the feelings aroused in us by sensory experiences
consist of pigment compounded with oil, usually linseed oil.
younger artist going first into uncharted territory and waiting for others to catch up. It was their duty to advance the progress of art against the resistance of conservative forces, and to go farther than the previous group.
Archaic: kore, from Acropolis, Athens, 520 BCE (delicate, like drapery=movement, flowing of cloth)
intaglio (etching)
This printmaking technique, more like drawing, cuts an image onto a metal plate with an acid bath.
Robert Mapplethorpe
American photographer, known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits, photos of flowers and naked men. The frank, homosexual eroticism of some of the work of his middle period triggered a more general controversy about the public funding of artworks.
a configuration consisting of 3 panels side by side, mainly hinged in a way that the outer two panels can close like shutters over the central one.
to darken a color by adding black
Contour lines
lines we draw to record boundaries.
A recess or niche that distinguishes the wall oriented towards Mecca (qibla) in a mosque
venus de milo, 150-100 BC, hellenistic period
The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
1632 - 1653.
Renaissance (in Italy)
1350; Intellectual and Artistic rebirth in Italy.
What do we call watercolor, mixed with a white pigment like chalk, creating an opaque medium with rich, strong colors?
Conceptual Art
art created according to the belief that the essence of art resides in a motivating idea, and that any physical realization or recording of this idea is secondary.
having tones of one color in addition to the ground hue
liquid media
Pen & Ink/ Brush & Ink Wash.
a pose that suggests the potential for movement, and thus life, in a standing human figure. It was created by sculptors in Greece, where contrapposto places the figure's weight on one foot, setting of a series of adjustments to the hips and shoulder that produce a S-curve.
Orange and Yellow
Mark Rothko. 1956. Oil on canvas.
Ashlar Masonry
gigantic blocks of stone that require no mortar to stay together. the sheer weight alone holds the structure together.
Albrecht Dürer
a modern artist who was born in Germany, & one of the greatest printmaker ever lived.
gradual change from light to dark on a surface
Representational art
descriptive of a work of art that depicts forms in the natural world (i.e. Picasso's First Communion).
Cast-iron construction
It was a prominent style in the Industrial Revolution era when cast iron was relatively cheap and modern steel had not yet been developed.
canopic jars (urns)
holds ash urns, humanoid heads, grave good, fives gender and relative wealth of the deceased.
The Great Pyramids, Giza, Egypt
Pyramid of Menkaure: 2500 BCE.
Pyramid of Khafre: 2530 BCE.
Pyramid of Khufu: 2570 BCE.
Sculpture in the round
a freestanding work that can be viewed from any angle, for it's finished on all sides.
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