Art 31 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
texture
tea
dancer
bailador/a
autorretrato
self-portrait
primer plano
foreground
volverse
to become
la ceramica
pottery
la estrofa
stanza
abstracto, a
abstract
The Scream
Munch
Look Mickey
Lichtenstein 1961
shape
2-dimensions-length and width.
hue
identifies a color
Dome
arch rotated 360 degrees
El escultor, La escultora
Scupltor
tener exito
to have success
The Devine Comedy
Dantle Alighiere
location? period?
KRIDIOS BOY
Athens
Early Classical
Momento Mori
a reminder of death
Value
Refers to dark and light.
la obra de teatro
a play/show
maquette
a study for a sculpture
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/937/flashcards/672211/jpg/the-terrace-at-vernon.jpg
The Terrace at VernonPierre Bonnard1920-1939-Arbitrary color palatte
Organic Shape/Form
irregular
ex: plant leaves, seashells, many manufactured objects
elements
shape, line, value, texture, pattern, color
Ceramics
Objects made of clay fired sufficiently high in temperature for a chemical change to take place in the clay body over 1550 degrees F.
color theory
color wheel and color sets
Fantasy
the process of creating fanciful designs, strange settings and grotesque characters from the imagination.
word text
1980s jenny holzer, barbara kruger
line
a mark with length and direction
drum
supporting vertical wall for a dome
fauvism
style of painting in which brilliant colors and bold distortions in an uncontrolled way are used
Every color has three properties: hue, value, and ______ .
intesity
Neutral color
When you combine two complementary colors
Counter-Reformation
the catholic church's response to the reformation
château
a French country house or residential castle
Social realism
a socially and politically committed form of art
George Seurat
pieces: The Bathers, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
pigment
...is a substance used to make color
Visual Contrast
Degree of visual difference among elements of art in a composition as a means of visual emphasis
In this painting, dark green curtains are let down in the background on the right and drawn up in the upper left corner. An obscure black cat stands erect on the far right, not far from the central figure’s feet, which are wearing gold shoes. The centra
Olympia
3 orders of Greek architecture
ionic, doric, and corinthian
negative space
The areas around the objects, shapes or forms
principles of organization
Concepts that guide the arrangement and integration of the elements in achieving a sense of visual order and overall visual unity. They are harmony, variety, balance, proportion, dominance, movement, and economy.
elements of art
line, value, shape, form, color, space, texture
Weathering
Trhe exposure of raw clay to natural elements
Aesthetics
Art that involves the study of the nature of beauty.
mass 3s
spae that possesses height and widht depth in a three dimensional space
Complimentary Colors
Colors which are opposite eachother on the color wheel, may also reduse intensity of one another. Example: yellow+violet, red+green, blue+orange, etc.
The spot on an object which receives direct light
Highlight
Vincent Van Gogh, George Seurat, Paul Gaugin, Paul Cezanne
four post-impressionists
benevolence
desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness:
analogous
a painting that uses a group of 3-5 colors that all sit next to eachother on the color wheel. they all have one color in common
Throw
A term used when making pottery on a potter's wheel
is colored glass pieces held in place with lead strips
stained glass
subtractive and additive types of sculpture
carving, modeling, casting, construction
Although much Roman art is stylistically derived from Greece, portrait sculptures like Head of a Roman are notable for their incredible __________, made possible by __________.
realism; wax death masks
Simplest Form
the simplest from of all, the sphere, was the basis for establishing the rules for light and shadow
Armory Show
an exhibit in New York in 1913 that introduced Paris-based Modernism to America
gesture drawing
A _____ _____ is a quick movement that captures the energy and movement of the subject.
high contrast of a value is the ____ _____ on an object.
lightest area
shot/ reverse shot
a pair of shots in which the first shot shows a character looking at something reverse shot shows what the character sees
What is meant by open form?
cropped image; focal point beyond the border
What was the salons objections to impressionism and what happened with post impressionism?
They thought the art was too radical too airy and light too unscientific but the post impressionists thought it wasnt radical enough
SELFPORTRAIT
AUTOERRETRATUA
Cross-Hatching
Ex.
30
f
el autorretrato
self-portrait
Edouard Manet
Proto-Impressionism
marbre
marble (m.)
slip
liquid clay
Monochromatic
Means 1 color
Straight Photography
Stieglitz promoted
United States Capitol(Original)
Thornton
accomadators
prefer hands on learning
contour lines
one ongoing line
Psalter
type of payer book
Horizontal
Across your field vision
tertiary
mixing opposites, mixing two secondaries
map making
The art of science
types of descriptive lines
outline, contour
Giorgione
enigmatic pastoral themes, sensuous nude figures, nature and landscape
ardent
having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent:
Pi Sheng
who invented the movable type?
Wheel of Fortune (vanitas), Audrey Flack
surrealism
artistic style that emphasizes the discovery of reality through reliance on the subconscience
stabile
moveable shapes from an armature suspended from a base
crews
are groups of people working together
Ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom(Great Pyramids) New Kingdom(complexes) Lower Egypt- north, Upper- south. Bread basket of Medeteranian. Death=everlasting life. Nile provided rich fertile silt. Art and architecture functioned as a means of providing an eternal dwelling place for the dead.
What colors absorb ultraviolet light and appear to glow?
Fluorescent Colors
audience
where the general public sat on benches built up on the side of a hill in the Greek theatres
Craftsmanship
how consistent you are with the materials and how well you take care of your work
Transubstantiation
Bread and wine ritual where only priest (hierarchy) can perform.
Linear
determined or characterized by the use of a line
Balance
leads your eyes around the painting; conveys a mood or meaning
thumbnail
Small sketches that aid in visualizing ideas and thoughts.
linear perspective
allows artist to imitate human vision
Landscape
art work which depicts scenery on land
pylon
one of a pair of trapezoidal towers flanking the entrance to an Egyptian temple
objective
having to do with reality and fidelity to perception.
barrel vault
a semi-cylindrical vault that is in effect a deep arch or uninterupted series of archs
buon fresco
(true fressco) done on damp lime plaster
vanasing point
the point where parrellel lines com together or converge
the process and the results of critical thinking about art. The parts are: describe, analyze, interpret, and judge.
art critique
Entice
To lure, to attract, with promise of some reward.
geometric shape
a shape made of straight lines and angles instead of curves
Visible Spectrum
a glass prism that is separated into the bands of color when white light of the sun passes through; discovered by sir isaac newton
fleur de lys
white iris the royal emblem of france
How were animals depicted?
vivid shape/color, not interested in arrangement (overlapping, random)
ceramic
object made of clay and fired in a kiln to a permanant form. Ceramics are often decorated with galzes and fired again to fuse the glaze to the clay body
triadic colors
any 3 color combination that is evenly spaced on a triangle on the color wheel ex. red blue and yellow
Nuetral
A color within a hue — a neutral can be made by mixing black and/or white; or by mixing two complementary colors together.
wood engraving
A type of relief printing in which a hard, laminated, nondirectional wood surface is used as the matrix
zeugma
the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace or On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.
Three things that make a gothic cathedral:
flying buttress, rib vaulting, pointed arches
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