Art 75 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
ritratto
portrait
azul
blue
medium
materials
la cerámica
porcelana
inspirar
to inspire
gallery
la galería
la escena
scene
printmaking
relief-style printing
Death of Marate
David
San Lorenzo Church
Renaissance
3
number of primary
similarity
making artwork alike
converging
coming closer to meet
The Death of Marat
David
1793
Neoclassical
Brussels
Autorretrato con mono
Frida Kahlo
Variety
difference that provides interest
Beautiful Colors
yellow, blue, orange, green
International style
Younger architects rejected ornamentation and eclecticism; express function of each building, underlying structure, and logical plan
Homer
oceans showed emotions, American artist
Ara Pacis, Augustan Rome, marble
Sibyls
females from classical greek/roman culture
Sandro Botticelli
birth of venusitalian renaissance
Serdab
In Egyptian architecture, an enclosed room without an entrance, often found in a funerary context. A sculpture of the dead king might be enclosed within it, as at Saqqara.
lines
five main kinds: vertical, horizontal, diagonal, curved, and zigzag.
Additive
Sculptural process in which pliable material (clay) is molded by hand.
orientation
refers to the lines horizontal vertical or diagonal position
stupas
beehive shaped domed places of worship
flying buttress
series of arches on outside
Sketch
Quick, rough drawing without much detail that can be used as a plan for later work.
Title: The Rock Drill
Date: 1913-1914 (cast 1962)
Creator: EPSTEIN, Jacob
Medium: bronze
portfolio
a container for holding drawings and other pieces of art
Wainwright Building
Built by Louis Sullivan, first skyscraper.
Implied Space
Used in two-dimensional forms of art/Creating the illusion of three-dimensionality on a flat surface.
Column of Trajan
man standing on tall pillar
stain
a prepared calcined pigmrnt used to color clay
charcoal
stick or vine charcoal is carbonized wood. compresses charcoal is ground carbon mixed with clay or a binding substance it produces a richer line but is more difficult to erase
lithography
a printmaking process in which a polished stone, often limestone, is drawn upon with a greasy material; the surface is moistened and then inked; the ink adheres only to the greasy lines of the drawing
shade
color when black added to a hue
modeling
a sculpting technique that is an additive method; building up material
Representational
descriptive of a work that depicts forms int he natural world
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
Grande Odalisque in 1814. Odalisque refers to the women who used to live in the Eastern Palaces. She represents on of the men’s idealistic views of the eastern traditions with women. Ideas of the secret knowledge woman in the east. Influenced by David as well. Strong linearity and use of color are very Neoclassical. We see an extreme bodily distortion. Mannerist, was a last time we see this free manipulation meant to extenuate the sexuality of the body. Facial type we see is very Raphael like, but the body is not at all like his close study of the body. He looks at the past and studies not just Greco-Roman Times but also earlier Renaissance. His work is on the verge of Romanticism, because of its topic of fascination of the east (male fantasies), and the sexuality, and mannerism of the body.
Perceive
to become aware through the senses of the special nature of objects
Monocromatic
Color schemes when only one color is used with tints and shades of that color.
Parallel Line
Two or more lines that continue without touching each other
Giornata
"a days work" in Italian; each patch was what the artist planned to paint in a single day
St. Barbara
Jan Van Eyck. 1437, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (Note: this is a silverpoint drawing on paper, mounted on a wood panel, with later additions of color added to sky)
Maquette
A preliminary model of clay or wax used in planning the form of a sculpture.
assemblage
an additive method in which the artist or designer constructs the artwork using objects and images which were originally created for another purpose. Essentially, assemblage can be defined as three-dimensional collage
Michelangelo is considered a Mannerist and High Renaissance artist. What is it about his paintings that characterize the Mannerist style?
His turbulent compositions...
Emotionalism
A theory of art that places emphasis on expressive qualities. According to this
theory, the most important thing about a work of art is the vivid communication of moods, feelings, and ideas.
horseshoe arch
an arch with a rounded horseshoe shape, standard in wester islamic architecture
Tint
mix white with a color to change the tint
contour line
the outline and other visible edges of an object
Mediums in classical greek period
architecture & sculpture (no paintings)
secondary colors
colors that result from a mixture of two primary colors
Analogous Colors
Colors next to eachother on the color wheel
ICONOGRAPHY IS...
A SYSTEM OF SYMBOLS THAT ALLOW ARTISTS TO REFER TO COMPLEX IDEAS. Think of religious art, Native Americans, the Egyptians, etc .for iconography in art.
Bas-relief/low relief
The figures project minimally, as on a coin.
monochromatic color scheme
a scheme involving one hue plus its tints and shades
Optical Mixing
an effect in which colors or black and white laid side by side seem to blend together; mixing takes place in the eye
high renaissance
a style of art developed in Italy in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, chiefly characterized by an emphasis on draftsmanship, schematized, often centralized compositions, and the illusion of sculptural volume in painting.
Analagous Color scheme
A group of colors that sit side by side on the color wheel.
- N. America (American Southwest) died out, homes on cliffs
Cliff Palace: underground room (kiva) could return to the earth to transform self in some way, also community spaces (used for important things) earths navel
How is the initial R from the Moralia in Job typically Romanesque
by the banding of the torso and the partitioning of the folds of the costumes
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