Art Exam 16 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
1909
Turbinenfabrik
parado
standing
Cuneiform
...
shade
adding black
St Peter's
Michelangelo
Tint
Adding white
Brillante
bright, shining
nocturne
night scene
Picasso
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
abstract art
sztuka abstrakcyjna
Gesture Drawing
Shows action
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TempiettoBramanteItalian High Renaissance-Rome
Saturn Devouring his Children
Goya
symetry
same on both sides
Houdon, George Washington, 1788
perspective
the illusion of depth.
elevations
the arrangement, proportions, and details of any vertical side or face of a building. platform, columns, and entablature
critiques outline
description, analyze, interpret, evaluate.
brushes
watercolor soft bristle, Japanese brush, horse hair, acrylic stiff bristle
Gustave Courbet, The Source, 1868
clay
tiny particles of decomposed rocks
Bisque
Fired, unglazed objects of clay
Space
refers to the distance between objects
Contour line
boundaries we perceive of three-dimensional forms (has height, width & depth), and contours lines are the lines we draw to record those boundaries
Edward Hopper
Nighthawks, 11 am. -Social/Urban Realist
HP
one type of watercolor paper, hot-pressed and very smooth flat surface. Paint is more easily lifted from HP paper after it has been applied
Handbuilding
working with clay using your hands
william henry talbot
1839; invented photogenic drawing
green architecture
sustainable development, provide for today's needs without compromising the needs of future generations
Form
3-D; has height, width, & depth
Part of the Elements of Design
exemplum virtutis
latin, "example or model of virtue"
dominance
The principle of organization in which certain visual elements assume more importance than others within the same composition or design. Some features are emphasized, and others are subordinated; often created by increased contrasts through the use of isolation, placement, direction, scale, and character.
overlap
one in front of or behind another
oil painting
a picture painted with oil paints
repetition/rhythm
repeating of a shape, lines, colors, etc
creates rhythm
Red, Blue, Yellow
What are the primary colors?
emptiness or area between, around, below, or within objects
define space.
viewfinder
small frame to find a small composition
lines that create form, depth and space
contour
pointillism
a theory and technique developed by the neo-impressionists, based on the principle that juxtaposed dots of pure color, as blue and yellow, are optically mixed into the resulting hue, as green, by the viewer.
Relief
A sculpted image or design whose flat background surface is carved away from a certain depth, setting the figure off
Todi Ragini
woman playing the vina during rainy season
asymmetrical
a feeling of balance attained when the visual elements on either side of vertical axis are actually different but create the feeling of balance
Matisse
"Expression to my way of thinking does not consist of the passion mirrored upon a human face or betrayed by a violent gesture. . . . What I dream of is an art of balance, of purity and serenity devoid of troubling or depressing subject matter, an art which might be for every mental worker. . . something like a good armchair in which to rest from physical fatigue."
line
a series of points that create a definite connection creating a line
triadic colors
any three colors that re evenly equally spaced from each other and form a triangel
Virgin and Child in a Niche, Rogier Van Der Wyden
secondary triad
the three secondary colors on the color wheel (orange, green, and violet), which are equally spaced and form an equilateral triangle
Qualities of line: expressive, analytical, autographic
Expressive: autographic (signature lines that ppl will recognize by which artist made them),
-Analytical (precise, mathematical line) vs. Expressive (convey artist's emotions or feelings)
Horizontal: rest, response, calm, tranquility, anchored, static
Vertical: strength, solidity, authority, loftiness, spirituality
Diagonal: dramatic suggestion of movement, direction, tension or depth, instability, dynamic
Grays (made by mixing pairs of complements)
Neutral colors
thumbnail sketch
small quick sketch done to plan a composition
Bezold Color Effect
When small areas of color are interspersed, an assimilation effect occurs. It's an optical illusion. As a result, a color may appear different depending on its relation to adjacent colors.
texture, form, shape, value, space, color, line
7 elements of art
What was Auguste Renoir's works?
Luncheon of the boating party
conceptual art
artwork based on an idea. An art movement in which the idea is more important than the object.
foreshortening
skewing of a figure or object to show it in sharp recession
the way the principles of art are used to organize the elements in art
composition
Define: Complementary Colors (opposites)
Colors straight across from each other on the color wheel.
Stoneware
a type of pottery that is fired at a hig temp and is dense opaque and nonporous it vitrivies and is waterproof
Crossing Square
The area in a church that is formed by the intersection (crossing) of a nave and a transept of equal width
Henry Ossawa Tanner's The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
All these answers are correct5.6
Why is it difficult to give a precise definition of Postmodernism?
There are many different manifestations of postmodern thought, there is not one unifying principle as in modernism
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