Art Exam 5 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
maniero
manner
Gothic
1150-1400
Element
Line
hue
color
to reveal
preisgeben/verraten
lamivudine (Epivir)
NRTI
Leinwand
die canvas
éclaircir
to clairify
el/la pintor/a
painter
balance
symmetrical, asymmetrical, radial
Congolese artist
Baudouin mouanda
romantic
intense and emotional
Nine "malic" molds
Duchamp
Kachinas
Teaches children sacred traditions
Last Judgement (tympanum, Conques)
1130
La naturaleza muerta
still life
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Hoboku LandscapeSesshu Toyo1495-Broken Ink Technique-Not intense realism
support
sstructure to hold paint surfaces
synthetism
combines observation with artist's feelings
Porous
permeable by water, air etc.
contrast
distance between lightest and darkest
a 3D form is ___.
real
What does the word Fauvism mean?
Beastly
variety
combining different elements to create intrist in a work of art
Last Supper Altarpiece, Dieric Bouts, 1464- 67, St. Peter's Church, Louvain, Belgium
Mold
negative forms or impressions taken from an original object. Casts are made using molds.
first triumvirate
Julius Caesar, Crassus, Pompey.
formed in 50s BC, fabulously wealthy.
Crassus: oldest family possible, rank of people who were oldest. Old=important
Pompey: powerful general, gathered more military support than expected.
Caesar: the people (plebs) loved him
Three consuls, looking out for all interests.
Floor mosaic, synagogue, Early Jewish (c. 530 CE)
Rainbow is what type of spectrum?
Natural
Entasis
In classic architecure, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column which corrects the illlusion of concave tapering produced by paralled straight lines.
rococo
a style of architecture and decoration, originating in France about 1720, evolved from Baroque types and distinguished by its elegant refinement in using different materials for a delicate overall effect and by its ornament of shellwork, foliage, etc.
Pendulum
Weight hung from a fixed point, swinging by gravity
vertical
running in direction from earth to sky
geometric shape
precises shapes classified using math formulas
Form
Describes volume and mass, or 3D aspects of an object.
The Last Supper by Tintoretto, 1594, oil
pastels
a chalk-like colored crayon used for art.
Hatching and Cross-Hatching
Forming parallel lines and crisscrossing lines to create the illusion of a three dimensional form
_______ photos quote satirically the stereotypes of women in popular film, recycling them as a uniquely pure form of postmodernism.
Cindy Sherman's
Clay
A natural earthly material which is plastic when wet and becomes hard when fired.
Define "ka"
life force that the Egyptians believed was with a person from birth and could inhabit the corspe upon death and live on
Nave
Part of a church between the chief entrance and the choir, demarcated from aisles by piers/columns
asymmetrical
larger masses on one side of the painting, may be balanced by smaller, contrasting parts on the other side
Imitation
tries to copy real life- perfect or real life
fetish figure
figure that has spiritual powers and holds materials
Picasso Woman Holding a Fan
Oil on canvas (cubism)
implied line
line that is suggested, but not actually drawn
Bone Dry
all the mosture is observed dry mosture.
Bisque
Pottery that has been fierd but not yet glazed.
Hue
name of a color determined by its wavelength
Color
The effect on our eyes of different wavelengths or frequencies of an electromagnetic spectrum that is infinite and continuous. Color consists of hue, intensity, and value
Painting: A nude woman faces forward pouring water out of a jug on her shoulder
(The) Source
Pyramids at Gizeh
Menkaure, Khafre and Khufu, took shape of ben-ben, the emblem of the sun, Re. 4th dynasty, palace of afterlife.
negative space
the area around the objects in a drawing or painting, often called the background
What is the value
lightness and darkness of a color
intensity and value
using colors that are lower in intensity and lighter in value for objects in the distance
engraving
print of image that has been etched on hard surface like metal
Rembrandt
was paid to paint a troop of the civic guard, with each member paying an amount based on his prominence in the painting.
Early Christian art believed
that the story not the art mattered.
retinal nerve, brain
both rods and cone pass info to the...and the... passes it to the...
Split - Complementary
you use the colors on either sides of a colors complementary ( Y )
List two features that contribute to the drama of Rubens'
Elevation of the Cross. Diagonal composition, bright colors, movement of nearly every figure
What is the Intaglio Method of ENGRAVING?
Intaglio method of ENGRAVING is an ancient artistic method.
Engravings were first used on paper during the 15th century.
Clean lines on copper, zinc, or steel matrix are made using a burin.
The harder you push, the deeper the line; the more ink it holds, the darker the resulting line is on paper.
-If you want a deeper line, you have to dig in deeper. The more pressure, the deeper and last longing the line.
Lines are very thin and very detailed.
Engravings has the look of pen and ink drawings.
Realism
photolike/lifelike
Guernica
Picasso
formal
formal
el conjunto
band
esculpir
to sculpt
overlapping creates..
depth
el borde
edge
warm colors
advancing colors
cuadrado
square (n., adj.)
St. Peter's Basilica
Bramante
Tone
one color plus gray
Broken Column, Kahlo, 1944
Uffizi Palace(Patron)
Cosimo de' Medici
Matisse
Luxe, Calme et Volupte
France
Expressionism (Fauve)
1904-1905
*Post world war II
Since 1945
Turning Road, L'Estaque
Fauvism 1906 Derain
The Gross Clinic
Eakins, 1850-1900, USA
Gambol
To have a good time
Proportion
harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
feudalism
The Medieval political social, and economic system held together by the relationship between landholding liegre lords and the vassals who were granted tenure of a portion of their land and in turn swore allegiance to the liege lord.
Cimabue
-Italian painter and creator of mosaics who didn't use any perspective, shadow, light or depth
-born in Florence
-one of the most important artists of his time
-introduced a more life-like treatment of traditional subjects
-forerunner of the Florentine school
-believed to have been Giotto's teacher
art
produced or intended primarily for aesthetic purposes rather than utility.
Typhoon Coming On
William Turner, 1800-1850, England
Tiffany, Peacock Mosaic, for Entry Hall of Henry O. Havermeyer House, New York, 1890-91
diagonal
a line drawn at a slat
texture
The surface quality of an artwork usually perceived through the sense of touch. However, it can also be implied, perceived visually though not felt through touch.
Black
The complete absence of light. Because of impurities, you can not create black with pigments. In most black pigments, the is a slight blue trace. A black surface absorbs all light.
ACT UP (Gran Fury). Kissing Doesn't Kill, Greed and Indifference Do, 1988. Art Activism
unity
the degree of agreement existing among the elements in a design.
our basic means for recording and symbolizing ideas, observations, and feelings.
Line
Composition
The organization or arrangement of the elements of art in a given work.
Low intensity
dull color addition of complement, white or gray
Tertiary (Intermediate)
red orange, yellow orange, yellow green, blue green, blue purple, red purple
Busby Berkeley
was a highly influential Hollywood movie director and musical choreographer.
"Roman Aristotle"
Horace: argues that comedy and tragedy should be distinct forms; function of drama is to entertain and teach moral lessons
problem solving
no "right" answer try to solve problems involved in clarifying, interpreting, and communicating what is important to you.
Focal point
the visually dominant elements in a presentation
tabbing
sections off pages, can be made of threads or extensions off of pages with another material
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
? is the skillful blend of elements and principles.
design
cartouche
an oval or oblong figure (as on ancient Egyptian monuments) enclosing a sovereign's name
Gospels
the book that most of the surviving Irish illuminated manuscripts contain
Analogous
3-5 colors that are next to each other on the color wheel
Neolithic art
A period of ancient art after the introduction of agriculture but before the invention of bronze. Neolithic means "new stone age" to distinguish it from Paleolithic, or "old stone age"
descriptive line
lines created with a variety of tools; can be outlines, cotour lines, single lines, or hatching.
paint
mixture of a pigment w/ a cehicle or medium
monochromatic color
one color and it's values, lights and darks
secondary colors
hues made by mixing 2 primary hues; green, orange, violet
right hemisphere
this side of the brain is the side used in learning how to draw; understand spacial relationships, non-verbal skills, concrete, non-rational
Elements of design
those qualities of a design that can be seen and worked with independently of its figurative content. They include line, form, value, texture, color, and shape.
Two simple ways of creating space
size difference and overlapping of shapes
horizon line & one vanishing point
the 2 tools for drawing in one-point perspective
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