Art Exam 6 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
muziko
music
bear
Romanesque
Element
Shape
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DaguerrotypeFrance1839
to invent
erfinden
squinavir (Invirase)
PI
Jahrhundert
das century
le décor
scenery
el paisaje
landscape
variety
difference or contrast
Broken Houses year
2008
tenebrism
murky, gives intensity
The Laughing Cavalier
Hals
Impasto
Oil paint applied thickly
West facade portals (Chartres)
1140-1150
Secondary Colors
Orange, Green, Violet
drypoint
an acid free etching method
assemblage
essentially a collage in 3D
work of art
obra de arte
tint
light value of a hue
henry moore was an
abstract sculptor
Name a Renaissance artist whose influence is apparent in Ingre's Grande Odalisque.
Raphael
Andy Warhol
-Appropriated images of media.
-Saw media as best/ worst of American culture.
-Distanced himself from his work and saw himself as machine for making art.
Night Nativity, Geertgen tot Sint Jans, c.1480-85, National Gallery, London
Folio
a single folded sheet of paper
Pax
Peace or Pacification. Meant to represent Augustus and his rule. He pacified Rome.
Empress Theodora and Her Attendants, mosaic, Byzantine (San Vitale, Ravenna, c. 547 CE)
Discontent with International Style's _______ compelled architects to look forward in new directions.
sterile anonymity
Style
A characterisitic handling of media and elements of form, which give a work its identity as the product of a particular person, group, art movement, period, or culture
kinetic art
art, as sculptural constructions, having movable parts activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means and often having additional variable elements, as shifting lights.
Ziggurat
man made mountain with temple on top
highlight
surfaces of an object that reflects the most light
rough texture
Reflects light unevenly , shows irregular patterns of light and shadow of different shape and sizes
Blocking In
Break down drawing into simple shapes.
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket by Whistler, 1875
joseph stella
An American futurist painter, known for his depictions of industrial America
cool
colors that are blues, greens, and violets
Another term for Central America is _______.
Mesoamerica
Critique
A formal or informal system of evaluation featuring four steps to evaluate artworks:
describe, analyze, interpret, and judge.
Define "capital"
the uppermost part of a column
Art Criticism
is analysis. it is explaining and judging works of art
organic shape
irregular shape, or one found in nature, rather than mechanical
Goya "Saturn Devouring One of his Children"
Wall Painting
foreground
area in a picture that appears closest to the viewer
Coil Pot
Clay rolled out into lond, Snake-like strips,connected with slip ansd scoring,and smooth out at leasts the sides
vanishing points
points to which parallel lines appear to recede
Negative Space
The areas around the objects, shapes or forms
Shade
A color that has black added to it
The Artist Moved by the Grandeur of Ancient Ruins
Fuseli
Balance
This is created when there is a sense of equilibrium and stabability.
Palette of King Narmer
3000-2920 BC, shows unification of upper and lower Egypt,
wash
a color of ink or watercolor that is diluted with water to make lighter in value and more transparent
The visual element of texture must be looked at first from a _________
tactile standpoint
motif
a unit that is repeated in a pattern or visual rhythm
tempera paint
consists of egg combined with a wet paste of ground pigment that gives the painting a velvety sheen
Sensory Properties
The elements of design in an artwork - what is it composed of?
The subject of many early sculptures was....
fertility, cattle, life cycles
low key painting
...uses tones and shades of a color, appear dulleer and are usually high in contrast colors
element of design
visual parts that make up a work of art
Analogous Colors
2, 3, or 4 colors side by side on the color wheel.
What is the Intaglio Method of AQUATINT?
MEZZOTINT and AQUATINT does not depend on lines. They both are NON-LINEAR intaglio techniques.
Aquatint is much easier and quicker.
HOW:
1. a metal plate is evenly coated with a fine powder of acid-resistant resin. The plate is heated, making the resin melt and stick to the plate.
2. Lines are etched
3. The plated is placed in acid and the exposed surfaces are eaten away.
4. Aquatint is often used with line etching to make images that have tones that look like wash drawings. (Is a lot simplier)
l'artiste
artist
Karma
...
el retrato
portrait
el escenario
stage
vers
a line
simbolizar
to symbolize
Mono-chromatic
one color
les oeuvres (f.)
works
Neolithic
"New stone age"
Rhythm
Result from repetition
impressionism
a vison of color
el (la) escultor(a)
the sculptor
The Death of Sardanapalus
Delacroix
las bellas artes
fine arts
Hue
the name of a color
intensity
another word for brightness is?
subtractive
process where sculptor removes material until the piece is complete
Daguerreotype
The first practical photographic process made public in 1839 it produced a single permanent image directly onto a copper plate
Study drawing
Careful observation drawing rendering to look real (accurate, real-looking)
Styles of Art
Realism, Expressionism, Impressionism, Surrealism, Representationalism, Utilitarian, Pop Art, Op Art, Abstract Art
Grunewald
issenheim alter piece
thought it could help ppl get better
human christ on left
lamb sacrifice on right
Economy
getting rid of all non-essential elements and details which don't really contribute to the essence of the overall composition.
art
produced or intended primarily for aesthetic purposes rather than utility. ant of the art forms, such as sculpture,painting, or music
space
the distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things
Kiln
An oven that can reach extreme temperatures necessary to harden clay and melt glazes
Realism
A type of representational art in which the artist depicts as closely as possible what the eye sees. The mid-nineteenth-century style of Courbet and others based on the idea that ordinary people and everyday activities are worthy subjects for art.
aesthetics
a branch of philosophy concerned with the beautiful in art and how the viewer experiences it.
"The Birth of Venus"
artist was Sandro Botticelli
Illustrate
to create designs and pictures for books, magazines, or other print or electronic media to make clear or explain the text or show what happens in a story.
Intangible
Shape between two shapes that looks like a line
hatching
lines that are used to create value/shading. they all go in one direction
Complimentary
2 opposite colors in a color wheel. EX. red and green.
Know all seven elements and the principles of design
shape,color,form,space,and line
Fire
baking clay in the kiln; "cooking" the clay
clerestory
part of an interior wall rising above the adjacent roof with windows admitting light
proportion
The size relationship of parts to a whole
harmony
principle of art that create unity by stressing similarities of separate by related parts
Complimentary color harmony
Color harmony - involves colors directly opposite of each other on the color wheel
mosaic
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
The studio system
the studio system designed to mass-produce films on an assembly0line basis.
value
referes to how light or dark a color is
line, shape, color, texture, value, space, form
7 elements of art
a ? is a planned combination of colors.
color scheme
Line
An element of art that is used to define space, contours, and outlines, or suggest mass and volume
conte crayon
A drawing meduim develope in the late 18th century. Similar to pencil in its graphite content, conte crayon includes clay and small amounts of wax.
art history
an account of how, why and when people around the world have created art
philosophy of art
the study of art that involves asking and answering all kinds of questions about art, how people respond to it
Unity and Variety
___ is a sense of oneness, of things belonging together and making up a coherent whole. ___ is difference, which provides interest. the two generally co-exist in a work of art
harmony is finding a common bond, so everything works together in the work, causing pleasure to the eye...
Why is visual harmony so pleasing?
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