Art History 114 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Collage
...
Malevich
Black Square
Yaxchilan Lintel
tepidarium
lukewarm bath
Post-Impressionism

Mont Sainte-Victoire

Paul Cezanne
Della Robia
Mass production
Aztec Eagle Warrior
codex
a manuscript book
narrative
story of background
pier
vertical, freestanding masonry supports
Alberto Giacometti
"Invisible Object (Hands Holding the Void)"
1934
King Tutankhamen, c.1323 B.C.E.,Egyptian New Kingdom Art
rose window-
circular stained-glass window
Square Court - Mansart
Joseph Kosuth
American Conceptual artist.
suggesting human characteristics for animals or inanimate things
Anthropomorphic
Rembrandt
Return of the Prodigal Son
Dutch Baroque
Hierarchic Scaling
important figures made larger
a picture
un tableau, une image
Reliquary
the container of a relic
Akhenaten
Egyptian 3000-1000 BCE, New Kingdom
Judgement Before Osiris
When: 1280 BC
The goddess Isis married who?
Cyrus
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
German Pavillion
bijinga
"images of beautiful women". Portraits of the courtisans of the pleasure districts
Bernini- The Coronaro Chapel, The Ecstasy of St. Theresa (Baroque Art and Architecture)
Syncretism:
The attempt to reconcile contrary beliefs, often when melding practices of various schools of thought.menorah
Untitled (Your Body is a Battleground)
Venus of Willendorf
location: Willendorf, Austria
date: 28,000 - 25,000 BCE
medium: limestone
size: 4 1/4"
Burning of the
Houses of Parliament: artist
Turner
Michelangelo Buonarroti
tomb of Guilana de Mecici
gate of mars 2nd c, bce
Tactile
relates to the sense of touch
Woman of WillendorfLimestone11 cmStockstad figure 1-4
Prehistoric ArtWillendorf, Austriacirca 22,000-21,000 BCE
Riis
U.S. journalist and social reformer; born in Denmark. A police reporter for the New York Tribune and the New York Evening Sun, a crusader for parks, playgrounds, and improved schools and housing in urban areas. How the Other Half Lives
Jean Tinguely, Homage to New York, 1960, performance art
Ka
an Egyptian concept referring to one's soul
ambulatory
covered walkway, can be found indoors or outdoors(equivalent ofaisles in longitudinal basilica church)
caravaggio
italy.painted the god of wine baroque painter
Triforium
The element of the interior elevation of a church, found directly below the clerestory and consisting of a series of arched openings. It can be made up of openings from a narrow wall passageway, or it can be attached directly to the wall.
Palette of Narmer
Makeup palette
Lions associated with royalty
Hierarchy of scale - big, medium, small
Crown of lower Egypt and crown of upper Egypt
About to behead man Horus (sky god) carries hieroglyph representing lower Egypt
Horizontal figures - killed in battle or prisoners offered as sacrifices
Daguerreotype
an early photograph produced on a silver or a silver-covered copper plate; also : the process of producing such photographs (named for Daguerre of Paris who first published such photos in 1839)
Fresco
the technique of painting on plaster with pigments found in water so that the paint is absorbed by the plaster and becomes part of the wall itself.
gesso
white coating made of substances such as chalk, plaster, and size that is spread over a surface to make it more receptive to paint
Scientific Perspective
An approximate representation on a flat surface of an image as perceived by the eye. Foreshortening and getting smaller the farther away.
Barrel Vault
semicircular roof of stone & timber
rhino, wounded man, and disembowed bison
15000
france
cave painting
Northern Art
art of northern Europe, particularly Germany, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia (Duver, Grunewalde)
animal interlace
A type of decorative motif featuring elongated animals interlaced into serpentine ribbons
Absolute Dating
Assigning a precise historical date to periods and objects based on recorded events in the region.
Manifest Destiny
idea that god willed americans to create an empire from the east to the west coast of the U.S.
Hypaethral
"open to the sky", A building having no pediment or roof.
seagram building
mies van der rohe. 50s. architecture. new york.
Femme Fatale
emergence of the "new woman" 1890s. new woman against vistorian era. Wanted to be seen as tall and atheltic and independent. Male artists painted castrating, dominating femles as a popular theme, a visual expression of men's fears.
vera mukihina
russian sculpuor, did big statue of communist 1937,(same year as degemerate art exhibition)
liked communism but it got too controling and artists couldnt make their own art. russian art usully had muscular people, strong violence and the strongest usually won.
Claesz 1630's
Vanitas Still Life Dutch 17th C N
Pantokrator
Greek, "ruler of all." Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
Peripteral Colonnade
denotes a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, or part of a building
Victorious Athlete
Greek worshiped life and youth through sculpting well shaped young people-standing youth
atmospheric perspective
a technique of rendering depth or distance in painting by modifying the tone or hue and distinctness of objects perceived as receding from the picture plane, esp. by reducing distinctive local colors and contrasts of light and dark to a uniform light blui
raft of the medusa
theodore gericault, 1818-1819, oil on canvas, france
Minoan art
Crete, Greece - "art for art's sake"; paintings of people and animals in a peaceful enironment; fresco painting - long brush strokes before plaster dries; women's skin - white, men's skin - red/yellow; began painting entire figures in profile; bodies more rounded and lively
Notre Dame Belle Verriere Notre Dame Chartres
1170 High Gothic
Kritios boy
480 BCE Greek Art Late Archaic period and is considered the precursor to the later classical sculptures of athlete
Kangaroo and Mimi Spirits
When: Less than 40,000 years ago
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.82}
Figurine of a Woman/Cycladic (Aegean)/ [none]
Radiator Building - Night, New York
Georgia O'Keefe. Geometric forms, precisionism. Cubism-like style. America & Industrial leadership.
Question about Aegean Civilization
1. The first civilization on the European continent.
2. The name comes from the Aegean Sea which lies between Modern day Greece and Turkey.
3. Aegean civilization is divided into three geographic areas.
- The cyclades or Cycladic islands, north of Crete
- Minoan on the island of Crete
- Mycenaean or Helladic on the mainland of greece in the Peloponessian peninsula.
4. It preceded the Great Greek Civilization.
Madonna of the Long Neck
Parmigiananio, oil on canvas; Parma, Italy
Ka Statues of Rahotep and Nofret
These were wealthy nobles the introduce the contrast of classes between the royal family, which were look upon as gods, and the normal people.
Effects of Good and Bad Government in the City and in the Country
-naturalistic
-covered 3 sides of room, 4th had windows
-subject matter pertinent to people in the room
-framed in reference to zodiac signs: Universal Truths
(Hiberno-Saxon Art) The __ influenced the art of the British Isles, including __ and __.
The Saxons influenced the art of the British Isles, including Anglia and Ireland.
why did frida not consider herself a surrealist painter?
She painted her reality, so to her, it was not surreal
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