Art History 19 Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Squinch
Primavera
Emile Zola
1868
Pre dynastic
3500-2575
crossbowmen's guild
...
Leonardo, Vitruvian Man
Allegory
rietveld. schroeder house
1923-24
Van Gogh
Starry Night
The Dinner Party
define BENT-AXIS
indirect access
Munch, The Scream, 1893
Corinthian bases
Corin origin bases
Sumerian
2700 BC
Standard of Ur
The Gleaners
Millet France Realism
Warka Vase
Uruk, Iraq
3200-3000 BCE
Alabaster
Sumerian
1st narrative art
3' high
presentation of offering to Inanna, goddess of love & war
Tribute Money
Masaccio. Early Renaissance. Atmospheric perspective. isocephaly. Cotasto tax. Peter wears blue and gold. Linear perspective. Fish in water has coin in it.
Urna
mark on the Monks forehear
Culture: Byzantine, Title: Sant' Apollinare in Classe, Interior, Apse, Date: 549 CE
David, Gianlorenzo Bernini, 1623, Borghese Gallery, Rome,Italian Baroque Art
Romanticism
Values; intuition, emotion Tone; spontaneous Subjects; exotic, nature violence Genre; narratives of heroic struggle, landscape technique; quick brushstrokes Composition; use of diagonal
Expressionism
Pioneering style: Fauvism (liberated color from its descriptive role)
abbot suger
Inventor of Gothic Style
picture
GATE OF PORTA AUGUSTAItalian PenninsulaEtruscanArch: precurser to Roman archhuge scale, warring people
Figure 3-31 THUTMOSE, Nefertiti, from Amarna, Egypt, 18th Dynasty, ca. 1353-1335 BCE. Painted limestone, approx. 1' 8" high. Ägyptisches Museum, Berlin. (New Kingdom)
Jaguar Devouring a Hare
(Antoine Louis Barye
1850-1851
France)
Johannes Vermeer, The Milkmaid, ca. 1660s
Painted less than 40 pictures
Women engaged in light labor
Protestant art at it's finest
celebration of simple labor
spirit of dutch Baroque
crockets
is a hook-shaped decorative element common in Gothic architecture
The Tennis Court Oath
David, 1791, Neoclassicism
Rubens- Elevation of the Cross (Flemish Baroque)
Sumer
is an early civilization in Mesopotamia (ziggurats) loyalty to the city-state
Maya Lin
Chinese American architect.Won a public design competition for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in 1981 at the age 21 while still a student at Yale
Detroit Industry. Riveria.
1900's. mural painting. Spanish
proportion
balance among the parts of something
abstract
not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature
http://classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/1420/flashcards/765426/jpg/lessing_art_1039490436.jpg
Title: The Raft of the \"Medusa\"Artist: Theodore GericaultStyle: RomanticismDate: 1818- 1819Country: France
summerian art
early art from Mesopotamia (Ancient Iraq) from the mid 6th millennium BC to the early 2nd millennium BC
Edo Period: Tawaraya Sotatsu "Wind God &Thunder God" 1615-1868
Rock-cut tombs, Beni Hasan, ca. 2000 BCE. (Middle Kingdom)
Charles IV
Holy Roman Empire that was french.
Seated Khafre.
c. 2520-2494 BCE. Eqyptian, Old Kingdom Period. Diorite.
LEONARDO DA VINCI, Mona Lisa, ca. 1503-1505. Oil on wood, approx. 2' 6" x 1' 9". Louvre, Paris.
...
Bull's-head rhyton, from the palace at Knossos, Crete. (LM 1550-1100 BCE)
Sarcophagus
Latin, "consumer of flesh." A coffin, usually of stone.
a school offering instruction in a special field, such as art
Academy
Nicola Pisano pulpit
-civic power, -medieval design elements, -trefoil arches, -roman sarcophagus reliefs, -1259-1260
Madonna of the Harpies
by Andrea del Sarto
Roger Fry
English painter and art critic (1866-1934)
capital
capital -The uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel.
Saint Benedict
Famous for regularizing Monastic life, starting the different orders of monks. Idea: we shouldn't have anything but the clothes on our backs. Return to humility, focus on Christ.
monticello
the estate and residence of Thomas Jefferson, in central Virginia, near Charlottesville.
Breakfast Scene from Marriage a la Mode
William Hogarth (English)
c. 1745
Foreshortening
the illusion created on a flat surface in which figures and objects appear to recede or project sharply into space.
Impressionism
- France- 1860's- lasted in its purest form till 1886
- departed from tradition by rejecting Renaissance perspective, balanced composition, idealized figures, and chiaroscuro.
- represented immediate visual sensations through color and light.
- main goal was to present an "impression" or the initial sensory perceptions recorded by an artist in a brief glimpse
- color is no an intrinsic permanent characteristic of an object but changes constantly according to the effects of light, reflection, or weather on an object's surface
Gestalt
German for shape or form. A theory that focuses on human perception, describing our ability to understand visual relationships as shapes or units. Robert Morris applied this theory in his sculpture in terms of viewer-object scale.
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
what were the architectural orders used in the colosseum?
Gallery
A long room or passage, typically one that is partly open at the side to form a portico or colonnade.
Portinari Altarpiece
Hugo Van der Goes 1474 (N. Renaissance)
cult statue
a man-made object that is venerated for the deity, spirit or daemon that it embodies or represents
Delacroix's furious imagination
Thought beauty exists in the fierceness of nature, painted furious animals (lions, tigers, horses, etc)
portico
a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area


erechtheion, Athenian Acropolis, 400 bc- 







-on edge of acropolis and part of
it goes over the edge

- divided into 4 sections
dedicated to 4 diff gods

-ererus, Athena,
kekrops, possidon

-porch of the caryatid (madins)
most famous part

- 
holding the building off there heads 

- 
classical contrapposto stance (one knee up)

- 
the women are the captured women from military
victory condemned to eternity of holding up building for them

- 
building to show military victory





Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.89}
Enter your back text here.
atmospheric perspective
a method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation
the purpose of the baths
meeting place, hygiene, holy rituals
art deco
1925 aimed to close the gap between quality design and mass production. replaced biomorphic shapes with streamlined and machine age geometric shapes. largely bourgeouis, not utopian like bauhuas. more lavish and fantasy.
Who painted a portrait of the king that portrayed absolutism?
Hyacinthe Rigaud
Humanism
A system of belief in which mankind is viewed as the standard by which all things are measured.
Define Abstract Expressionism:
An American post-World War II art movement. It was the first 
specifically American movement to achieve worldwide influence and put 
New York City at the center of the western art world, a role formerly 
filled by Paris.
in the central panel of the portinari altarpiece harp of david symbolize:
ancestry of christ
palette
A thin board with a thumb hole at one end on which an artist lays and mixes colors; any surface so used. Also, the colors or kinds of colors characteristically used by an artist. In ancient Egypt, a slate slab used for preparing makeup.
the pyramids of giza
period: old kingdom
years: 2551 - 2528 BCE (khufu), 2520 - 2494 BCE (khafre), 2490 - 2472 BCE (menkaure)
origination: giza
material:
significance/description: represent the culmination of architectural evolution that began with the mastaba. reflection of heliopolis' influence; this seat of the powerful cult of Re had an emblem of a ben ben, a pyramidal stone. the great pyramids are symbols of the sun; inscribed on the burial chamber walls of many royal tombs are the pyramid text which refer to the sun's rays as the ramp on which the pharaohs ascend to the heavens. the funerary temples that are part of the complex face the east and the rising sun. it also contained mastabas of nobles and mortuary temple where offerings were made to the dead king, ceremonies performed, and cloth, food, and ceremonial vessels stored.
Social and economic changes between the late 13th and late 14th on italian art of the period.
-where bubonic plague was hitting, lots of icon production and religious art in general
-Byzantine influence balanced with naturalism and classicism as time progresses
- They abandoned some of the conventions of medieval art and increasingly based their artworks on their worldly observations b/c of growing interest of the natural world.
-greater illusionism
-more emphatic pictorial solidity and spatial depth, and stronger emotional demonstrations from depicted figures
-rebirth of art, starting all over from classicism in a sense
Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa
Gros, France, Romanticism (propaganda) 1804.
-began working in Davids studio as a teenager
-traveled with Napoleon in Italy in 1797 and campaigned for his army.
-this painting is an idealized account of an actual incident during Napoleon's campaign against the Ottoman turks in 1799 bubonic plague broke out among his troops, decided to quiet the fears of the healthy and visit the sick and dying who were housed in a converted mosque.
-overall effect is Romantic, however not really because of the dramatic lighting and emotionally stimulating elements
-is meant to entice and appear christ-like by healing the sick and touch being semi-divine
-2 months later Napoleon ordered the remaining sick to be poisoned.
Bronze Doors of St. Michaels right door
more divine, redemption through jesus, new testament, reads bottom to top
Van der Rohe (German) with Johnson (american) 1950-2000
Seagram Building (park av. in New York)
Terms:
...
Christian Art
337-526AD
"Villa Rotunda"
Vicenza
incise
to cut
Rouen Catherdral
(Claude Monet
1894
Impressionist)
Charuns
Etruscan death demons
The Trustees
Rembrandt
Baroque 1600
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age
FALSE
Men primarily shaped pottery
Les Pont des arts
1868
mesolithic
the "middle" stone age
Late Helladic/Mycenaen
circa 1700-1200 BCE
Rousseau Vs Voltaire
V-Rococo
R-more natural
Mesopotamia 2100-2050 BCE
Ziggurat of Ur
Lucifer
Pollock 1947 painting
reserve 2 #81
abstract expressionism, contrast light/dark
Piet Mondrian
("Composition B, with Double Line and Yellow and Gray"
1932)
33-63: LE CORBUSIER, perspective drawing for Domino House project, Marseilles, France, 1914.
...
Watson & the
Shark: location
Havanna, Cuba.
Mannerism
Artistic movement against the Renaissance ideals of symetry, balance, and simplicity; went against the perfection the High Renaissance created in art. Used elongated proportions, twisted poese and compression of space.... unusual light sources
Monasterey
where Monks live and pray
Black figure
red background & black detail
The Bridge (Expressionist group)
1905-1909 Berlin, Dresden
cartoon
In painting, a full-size preliminary drawing from which a painting is made.
Mastaba
Arabic for "bench", rectangular brick with sloping sides
Apotheosis
deification shown as ascent to heaven.
Kritios Boy
490 b.c. Late Archaic
Marble
Slight Contra Posto
Influence of Bronze Sculpture
Slight S Curve
himation
mantle worn over chiton, draped various ways
Assyrians
empire from 900-612 BCE. After Babylonians and Elamites. (fortress-palaces, lamassu)
Couleur local
actual color of the object
tumulus
Latin, "burial mound". In Etruscan architecture, tumuli cover one of more subterranean multi-chambered tombs cut out of the local tufa
Harvester Vase

Steatite
11.3 cm
Stockstad figure 4-10
overlapping, jostiling, singing, sistrum
Aegean Art

Triada, Crete
1650-1450 BCE (Second Palace Period)
bay
a unit of space defined by architectural elements such as columns, piers, and walls.
Dadaism
An artistic movement that had a purposely nonsensical name, expressing its total rejection of previous modern art.
Great Mosque
Eighth through tenth centuries 36 piers and 514 columns
Angkor Wat
tmple complex at Angkor, Cambodia built fro the king Suryavarman II early 12th century as his state temple. Hinduism, dedicated to god Vishnu then Buddhist. combines Khmer temple of architecture: temple mountain and the later galleried temple. temple is a representation of Mount meru, home of the Gods: central quincunx of towers symbolises the fives peaks of the mountain. walls and moat the surrounding mountain ranges and ocean. oriented west rather than east, perhaps Suryavarman intended it to serve as his funerary temple. Khmer architecture styel. sandstone. didicated to the king, Brahma, the moon, and Vishnu. each gallery has a gopura at each of the points. bas-relief friezes.
Giotto
Father of Renaissance Art; first to attempt perspective; he is best known for his series on St. Francisis of Asisi
Automatic Writing (define)
records thoughts without interruption of rational mind
Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, Xishanqiao, Nanjing, 5th century CE
Minoan
prehistoric art of Crete, named after king Minos at Knossos
colonnade
row of columns, supporting a straight lintel
encaustic
A technique of painting with pigments dissolved in hot wax.
Hieroglyph
system of writing using symbols or pictures
clerestory
the fenestrated part of a building, rises a bove the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas or medieval churches, window form the naves's upper most lever below the timber ceiling.
Rococo
The Baroque art movement was replaced in the 18th-century by what more elegant and elaborate style of art?
Aryans
from around 1700-1500 bce to 800-500 bce
-warrior people
-personified nature deities, sky oriented and male -->Indra
-Vedas-ritual books of prayer
-end of period --> Brahmans challenged. idea of karam and samsara developed
-people turned to Buddha sakyamuni
Name, Artist, "-ism"
The Third-Class Carriage, Honoré Daumier, Realism
Fresco
Painting on a lime plaster, either dry or wet. In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting execute in either method.
longitudinal plan
parts of a building are organized longitudinally or along a given axis
byzantine
of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium
Color-field Painting
Artists sought to reduce painting to its physical essence by pouring diluted paint onto unprimed canvas and letting these pigments soak into the fabric
head of akkadian ruler
akkadian art, nineveh iraq, copper
Mural
A piece of artwork painted or applied directly onto a wall. It dates back to prehistoric times but the terms became famous with the Mexican "muralista" art movement (Rivera, Siqueiros, Orozco).
The Man with the Glove
portrait painted by Titian
Armana style
Art created during the reign of Akhenaton, which features a more relaxed figures tyle than in old or new kingdom art.
Hazomanga
A tall wooden monument set near the house of a clan elder used for prayers and ceremonies.
martyr
person who chooses to die rather than deny their religious beliefs
4. fin de siecle
Bonnard
Four Panels for a Screen
1891-99
El Greco
most famous artist in Spain. Made the Burial of Count Orgaz
5 Rathas of Mamallapuram
Creator(s): Hindus
Date: 625 - 675 CE
Medium:Stone and granite
Location: Mamallapuram, India
Harmony
A reunion of the creative arts and the industrial world
What were the crusades?
they were expeditions undertaken in fulfillment of a solemn vow to deliver the holy places from islamic control and it resulted in the transfer of a great number of holy relics of saints and apostles
Corinthian Order
Most ornate of the orders- contains a base, a fluted column shaft, and the capital is elaborate and decorated with leaf carvings
Duane Hanson Works of Art
Man on a BenchSupermarket Shopper
Piero della Francesca; 15th century
Battista Sforza and Federico de Montefeltro http://artfiles.art.com/5/p/LRG/15/1508/LL5BD00Z/piero-della-francesca-portraits-of-duke-federico-da-montefeltro-and-battista-sforza-circa-1465.jpg
Baptistery from House-Church at Dura Europos
early christian. dura-europos, syria, before 256ce. font takes up entire wall, in lunette is good shepard and figures of adam and eve to show original sin and salvation because baptism symbolized rebirth into a new faith like death is rebirth
Seated Harp Player
Wedged b/w the echoing shapes of chair and instrument, he may be playing for the deseased in the afterlife
Rhyton in the Shape of a Bull's Head
1500-1450 BCE Aegean Art
Hellenisticpathos and drama of suffering Gaul far more pronouncedtaughtness of chest, bulging veins of left leg (implying noble and savage foe must have been great warrior)Gauls depicted as barbarians w/ bushy hair, mustaches, and neck bands
Altar of Zeus from Pergamon, Turkey. c. 175 BCE. Marble, frieze height 7'6\" (staaliche Museen, Berlin) Battle of Gods and Giants
Many of the cultural values of the __, especially their honoring of the __ and __ of humanity as "the measure of all things", remain fundamental tenets of __ civilization
Greeks individual exaltation Western
Sarcophagus from St. Maria Antiqua
270 CE - City: Rome - Jonah and the Sea Monster - Pagan would view it as philosopher with a scroll - Unclear Images to Show Christianity but not appear it
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Term:
Definition:
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