Art History 28 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
last judgement-gislebertus
pylon temple
Rococo Dates
Constantin Brancusi
The Newborn
William Hogarth
Marriage Contract
England Rococo/ Natural
The Maya
rituals sustained the universe
ceramics of everyday life
Bull Jumping Fresco
Die Brucke

Street, Berlin

rauschenberg "retroactive II "
Wolfgang Paalen
("Ciel de Pieuvre"
Mary Magdalen
Polychromed and gilded wood
Museo dell'Opera del Duomo (Cathedral Museum)
*Post-flood. Earthy presence, the type of medium makes an impact. Her eyes convey emotion.
1st style
marble-like in appearance
Portrait of Emile Zola
Third-Class Carriage
Honore Daumier (French)
c. 1862
a granular crystalline intrusive rock
James Abbott Mcneill Whistler, Nocturne in Black and Gold
Alhambra,Hall of the Two Sisters,1354-1391,Granada,Spain,Islamic Art
Anacropolis =
city of the dead
An intellectual movement concentrated in France during the 1700's developed rational laws to describe social behavior and applied their findings in support of human rights and liberal economic theories.
32 Campbell's soup cans
Warhol, 1960
Kritios BoyEarly classicalShows how people stand naturally, or shift weight
silent film actor, comedy, british, "little tramp"
Mondrian, Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow
An early Christian church designed like a Roman basilica.
Andre Rublev
famous 1400s icon painter Russian
An artistic movement that displayed vivid dream worlds and fantastic unreal images
who was the colosseum built under?
the medieval political, social and economic system held together by the relationship between landholding lords and vassals.
Albrecht Durer, Adam and Eve, 1504
Culture: Iran or Mesopotamia, Title: Head of a ruler,
Work Type: HEAD OF A RULER, Period: Akkadian (?), Early Bronze Age, Date: 2300 B.C.E, Material: Arsenical copper, Measurements: H. 34.3 cm
the colored oxidation appearing in bronze and copper sculpture
triumphal arch
freestanding arch commemorating an important event
Figure 1-15 Human figure, from Ain Ghazal, Jordan, ca. 6750-6250 BCE. Plaster, painted and inlaid with bitumen, 3' 5 3/8" high. Louvre, Paris. (Neolithic)
Rembrandt, Aristotle with the Head of Homer, 1653, Baroque
sosaku hanga
"creative prints" 20th C printmaking movement that focused on prints being made entirely by the artist, and focused on newer western styles and subject matters
Opening in ceiling where rain, light, and air can come in, usually above the Atrium.
The cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment.
the style of painted or sculptured representation based on close observation of the natural world that was at the core of the classical tradition.
Battle of Ten Naked Men
Antonio del Pollaiuolo
1'3" x 1'11"
showing nude figures in violent action & from numerous foreshortened viewpoints
Osirir's son and displaced Seth and took throne after Osiris
drawn more toward modern urban scenes of everyday life and incorporated new 19th century color theory
2,250 BCE, Akad
Victory Stele of Naram Sin
father and two brothers known for their landscapes
The central aisle of a church constructed for use by the congregation at large.
sculpture in the round
can see all sides
visually charming or quaint, as if resembling or suitable for a painting:
a spiritual entity, an aspect of the individual, believed to live within the body during life and to survive it after death.
covered entrance of the exterior of a building
Goya- The Family of Charles IV (Spain Romanticism)
Mural painting
Prophet anoints future king of Israel as 6 older brothers look on
samuel anoints david, dura-europos synagogue
shallow alcove in a Japanese room used for decoration
The darkness or lightness of a color (hue).
Post Modernism
art is meaningful in context (as opposed to universal)
Alexander the Great was the king of what country
Traces of what were found on Mayan sculpture and architecture?
Thera- The ancient name for the island of Santorini; the island was almost completely destroyed by a huge volcanic eruption.
Early Dynastic (D 1-2)
c. 3150 - 2700 bc
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.74}
Bust of Nefertiti/New Kingdom (Egypt)/THUTMOSE
Linear Perspective
a method of creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines.
Who was Venus of Urbino made for?
Duke of Urbino
a print made from a drawing with a special crayon on stone
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Borromini, Baroque in Italy, 1600-1700
This is...
Titre de la peinture : Impression : soleil levant
Le peintre : Monet
La date : 1873
Le mouvement :
La location :
Taille :
Autres choses :
17. Monet Claude, Impression, soleil levant, 1873, 48 x 63, Paris, musée Marmottan.
• « contre jour » → facing the sun
* the Hindu god (deva) of creation and one of the Trimurti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva
Super Realism
In art, a term first used in Europe around 1850 to designate a kind of naturalism with a social or political message, which soon lost its didactic import and become synonymous with naturalism.
History Picasso
i. History
a. By 13 he had mastered Classical style. A prodigy of art.
b . Moved to Paris in 1906
c. Cezanne was given a retrospective in a gallery the year he died. Picasso walks into the gallery and spends the afternoon looking at his work, and he just simply gets it. Picasso then later develops cubism taken from the lessons taught by Cezanne.
d. Cubism is NOT abstract, it is still recognizable.
e. Attention to the primitive.
f. Like Cezanne Picasso reduced the subject to it's simplest form (geometric), which is called Abstraction.
Weight shift principle
The situating of the human figure so that the legs and hips are turned in one direction and the chest and arms in another. This shifting of weight results in a diagonal balancing of tension and relaxation.
The Last Judgement, Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo
c1536-41 (high). figures of swelling monumentality, higher alter, came back to do it, proportions different- small heads on huge bodies
Goya's "black paintings" theme
Frescoes he painted on the walls of his farmhouse--shows his terrifying and disturbing outlook on life
Small strokes side by side not melded
Third of five characteristics of Impressionists
funerary mask Agamemnon, Mycenae, 1500bc

not actually Agamemnon but the name stuck

not as elabrate or beautifulculture not poets

Bernini's David
No. 14 (1960)
1100 ce, mosaic
Impression: Sunrise, France, Impressionism, Monet
Statue of Oni
Ife 15th century
Royal Daughters
Nike Davies, 1976, Nigeria
a circle of monoliths (henge)
Technique used to make statues anatomically sound (math related)
The Gross Clinic
Thomas Eakins, 1875, Realism
a tall, narrow, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top, said to resemble a 'petrified ray' of the sundisk.
new negro art
-cultural retrieval from africa
-embraced decorative forms
-embraced folk art traditions
james k. polk
american president during mexican american war, was an expansionist
enamelware in which colored areas are separated by thin metal strips
example for how to behave: classic- stoicism and self sacrifice. christians- chastity suffering and forebearance
Votive Figures
Gift of gratitude to a god.
attempted to stop the migration of catholics to protestant religions by reforming the issues within the church
14th c, tempera and linen on wood
a modern art-historical term used to describe the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments
On the Bank of the Seine, Bennencourt
Monet 1870
Nave of Durham Cathedral
- England
- 1093-1130 AD
Greek "City of the dead" a large cemetery.
Modern Art
A general category of art that includes abstract and non-objective art produced from the 1860's to the 1970's. Art traditions of the past are thrown aside in favor of experimentation
Lamentation over the dead christ
1164 ce, wall painting
Great Roman architect of the time of Augustus (27BC - 14 AD) who wrote 10 books on architecture
Pointed arches
An arch with a strong center point. (Seen in Gothic Architecture)
School of Athens
• Crossed keys: symbol of the catholic church/popes keys
• 4 different scenes painted on the walls
• one point perspective
• all the figures occupy the environment in a very believable way, everything goes towards a central vanishing point/all the figures in the painting represent characters and philosophers of the great Greek world.
• Artwork is trying to say by this point in history the church is in charge of everything
• Plato and Aristotle with his ethics: plato looks very similar to Leonardo divincvi on the left//paying tribute to his older contemporary/Aristotle is pointing down towards the earth as he holds his book, the church shows this as a heavenly nature and an earthly nature
• Heraclitus
• Euclid or Archimedes, usually identified as bearing donato bramante's features both were ancient Greek mathematicians
• Zoroaster and Ptolemy: Ptolemy is holding th earth and Zoroaster is holding the globe with Raphael in the right corner
Stepped pyramid of Djoser
pharaoh Djoser [ruled about 2668-2649 BC] was the very first of any of the pyramids built in Egypt, built during the Old Kingdom's 3rd Dynasty. The pyramid and its related buildings are located at Saqqara; the pyramid itself is 254 feet tall, with seven steps.
Anastasis from Church of the Savior
traditional Byzantine image depicts the Anastasis which is the event just before the Resurrection; 1310-1320 CE; Kariye Camii in Istanbul
Triglyphs and Metopes
Triglyphs are a pattern of three lined vertical projecting blocks between the metopes. Metopes are plain smooth stone sections between the triglyphs
King Mycerinus and Wife
The fifth king of the 4th dynasty was the son of Khephren. , The Pyramid of Menkaure was covered with costly Aswan granite. His basalt sarcophagus was covered with fine decorations. His queen was Khamerernebty.
/ 104

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})


{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online