Art History 9 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Mona Lisa
The Letter
Winged Eagle
The Blue Boy
School of Athens
Katsura Imperial Villa
self-discipline and self-denial
DavidArtist: DonatelloMedium: Bronzeresembles Greek Classical StyleCommissioned by the Medici familyEarly Renaissance
le premier plan
the foreground
"Monticello" by Thomas Jefferson
David; Donatello
1440-1460; Bronze; Florence
Donatello, Early Renaissance, 1400-1500
main or great room
The Third of May, 1808
Stucco decorations of Islamic buildings in which the stalactite-like forms break a structure's solidity
A reaction against modernist formalism, seen as elitist. Far more encompassing and accepting than the more rigid confines of modernist practice, postmodernism offers something for everyone by accommodating a wide range of styles, subjects, and formats. Often includes irony or reveals a self-conscious awareness on the part of the artist.
Great Mosque, 8th Century, Cordoba,Spain,Islamic Art
Turkish Prayer Rug, Islamic, 1800
Greek winged goddess of victory
pont du gard
all barrell vaults
FlagJasper JohnsPop Art1950's and 1960's 
art which was exceptionally simple, often pure color-field paintings, for example
Rosseau, The Dream, 1910, Modernism (Post-Impressionism)
Claude Lorrain
Landscape with Cattle and Peasants
Isaak Brodsky
"Lenin in the Smolny Palace"
before writings, records; figured art history through paintings
Douglas Gordan, Something between my mouth and your ear, 1994
Comes from Polykleitos' canon - the human form of symmetry.
a standard rectangular Roman building with large open interior
a painted or sculpted representation of the Virgin Mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ.
Mullioned Windows
Window divided by a column
Masaccio,Expulsion of Adam and Eve Brancacci Chapel, ca. 1425-1428. Italian Renaissance. Fresco. Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italy. Commissioned by Felice Brancacci.
Harmony of Attitude
Line of the same direction
Protestant Reformation
Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church beginning in 1519. It resulted in the 'protesters' forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran and Reformed Churches and the Church of England. (p. 446)
tracery forms a cloverleaf with four lobes
Lion Hunt Relief
667-627 BCE Ancient Near Eastern
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
33-26: KURT SCHWITTERS, Merz 19, 1920. Paper collage, approx. 7 1/4" x 5 7/8". Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, (gift of Collection Société Anonyme).
mortuary temple
In Egyptian architecture, a temple erected for the worship of a deceased pharaoh.
personal style
the distinctive manner of individual artists or architects
the bottom element in an entablature, beneath the frieze and the cornice.
Stone Cliff at the Pond of Heaven
A circular opening; found in windows or at apex of a dome. When at top of dome, open to sky or covered by decorative exterior lantern.
The part of a classical entablature between the architrave and the cornice, usually decorated with sculpture in low relief
beauty of the curve, irregular; the unexpected
Tilted Arc
Richard Serra, 1980, Cor-ten steel, 12 x 120'.
Temple of Horus, Edfu, Egypt, ca. 300 BCE. (First Millennium BCE)
Leonardo Da Vinci- Embryo in The Womb Sketch (High Renaissance Italy)
seating on the main floor in a theater- ch.5
Academy of Design
The first true academy for instruction, the Accademia del Disegno ("Academy of Design"), was established in 1563 in Florence by the grand duke Cosimo I de' Medici
A vertical slab that serves as a monument.
What was the print making process he used to creat "Christ With The Sick Around Him?"
Mantegna, Painted Chamber
for the duke's palace, completely fresco decoration, 1465-1471
a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)
Edward VI as a child - Hans Holbein
uses light and shadow light and dark to create depth
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Burghers of Calais, Auguste Rodin, Expressionism
Tempation of St. Anthony, Martin Schongauer
c1480 (early-North). engraving, realistic in a non-realistic way, a lot of fine details
Jocho, Amida Buddha, Japan
shows the buodoths serene & compassionate central image of Amida; uses Jocho's joined wood method
Red Hood Madame 1873
By: Claude Monet
Doesn't usually like using frames in his paintings which helps order space. There is a sense of an inside versus the outside world. It has been reduced to a moment in time, Camille walking by window in a red cape and you are unable to see her face.
four elements of visual arts
shape texture line & color
"-_-__", from the Palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450-1400 BCE. Fresco
Minoan art because theme is bull-leaping
"Bull-leaping", from the Palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450-1400 BCE. Fresco
Minoan art because theme is bull-leaping
flying buttress
what used to be gallery is outside. tower=buttress. arches=flyers. creates complexity and obscures building.
A style or category of art; a kind of painting that realistically depicts scenes from everyday life
Mixed Media
The use of two or moreart mediums in an art work; for example, an art work where crayon, paint, and chalk are all used together.
Matisse (French) 1900-1950
The joy of life (Le Bonheur de Vivre)
head of constantine the great
from basilica nova 315 AD revive augustan image of an eternally youthful ruler. part of sculpture of emperor holding the orb if world power
departure scene. 490. early classical.
kinda like this. but taller and usus the vertical figure.
What does a cloister consist of?
4 corridors with a courtyard or garth, in the middle, its inteded to be both covered from the rain but opened to the air
Classical Period
Trajan's Column
Claude Monet
Adolf Loos
Steiner House
Michaelangelo, Last Judgment
The Bayeux Tapestry
The Studio Boat
5. Impressionism
Absinthe, 1876
Self Portrait of Zuxis
Paris Metro
Hector Guimard
Art Nouveau
Treasury of Atreus
1300-1250 BC
Van Gogh, The Sower
kore (korai)
young woman statue
Pablo Picasso, Guernica, 1937, Cubism
you can see through it
Ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals. In the plate type of this, the glass fills only the "punched holes" in the heavy ornamental stonework. In the bar type of this, the stained glass windows fill almost the entire opening, and the stonework is unobtrusive.
The Artist's Room in Arles
of Anatolia, Indo-Europeans; capital at Hattusha. "lion gate" at the entrance of city; strong cultural group; conquered by persians
Ceremonial vessel. 1st C.
Anonymous (1.51)
The epic poem by Homer.
Willem De Kooning, Woman I, 1950-1952
Atmospheric Perspective
Atmospheric or aerial perspective creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift in color toward an almost neutral blue, and the blurring of contours as the intended distance between eye and object increases.
combinations of painting and sculpture using nontraditional art materials
Aerial view of the Colosseum(Flavian Amphitheater), Rome, Ca. 1st Century CE
Madonna of the Stairs
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Casa Buonarroti, Florence
Marble, low relief sculpture
Oldenburg, Lipstick (Ascending) On Caterpillar Tracks, 1969/1974.
An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
Doryphoros (spear-bearer)- Polykleitos
450-440 BCE Classical Greek
an approach to the understanding, appreciation, and valuation of art based almost solely on considerations of form,
sculpture suspended in midair whose delicately balanced parts can be set in motion by air currents
olmec carved and polished ax-shaped forms
Figure 2-16 Seated statue of Gudea holding temple plan, from Girsu (modern Telloh), Iraq, ca. 2100 BCE. Diorite, 2' 5" high. Louvre, Paris. (Akkadian)
a recess, usually semicircular in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church/ a semicircular recess at the east end of a Christian church
western style painting in oils or traditional japanese pigments with an emphasis on perspective and light and shadow play
In early Christian art, the depiction of the Old Testament persons and events as prophetic forerunners of Christ and New Testament events.
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
An ancient Japanese bell made of bronze.
an inscription, usually on the last page, providing info about the book's manufacture
The Greeks had a humanistic worldview that led to their formation of democracy. The Greeks made their gods into humans and their humans into gods.
corinthian capital
An ornate Classical style of architecture, characterized in part by columns combining a fluted shaft with a capital made of carved acanthus leaves and scrolls (volutes).
any art pertaining to the Charlemagne period.
Portrait of Augustus as a General (Augustus Primaporta),
from Primaporta
Copy of a bronze original
Early Empire
ca. 20 BCE
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the siege of Troy
History Painting
influential idea promoted by the academy based on historical, mythological, or biblical narratives and gernally conveying a high moral or intellectual idea Example: Jacques-Louis David's \"Oath of the Horatii\"
a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface.
Lux Nova
Abbot Suger saw the light coming through the sacred windows of Saint-denis, and he called the colored light, lux nova, "new light."
linear perspective
the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer
the haywain
john constable, 1821, oil on canvas, america
People who are in a procession in order to receive penance to their sins. It's about humility. They generally have their heads covered to keep anonymity..
The art of caresses
1896, Khnopff. Belgian symbolist. Androgynous male figure. images of fatal woman, "femme fatal" believed in pursuit of dreams
Hammurabi Code
law code for the people in Babylon
Venus of Urbino
TITIAN, 1538. italy, Oil on canvas
A paint made of dry pigments, or colors, which are mixed with a binding material.
Apartment Block
(High Empire) Insulae. 90% of Rome lived in apartments
the material used to thin the binder in paint
Edict of Milan
granted religious tolerance to all religions.
Name/Time Period/Artist (if applicable) {pg.80,92}
Lion Gate of Mycenae/Mycenaean (Aegean)/ [none]
Villa Livia (Garden fresco)
20 BCE
Originally at Prima Porta, now in ROME (Palazzo Massimo)
Peaceful scene, abundance of fruit and flowers, reflects interest in country life expressed in Vergil's Eclogues and Georgics
Plate tracery
the glass fills only the punched holes in the heavy stonework- ch.16
Ancient Art
Period of art history where the main form of art was ARCHITECTURE.
The triangular part of a wall that is enclosed between the sloping portions of a roof. (similar to pediment)
This is...
Titre de la peinture : Rivage de Portrieux
Le peintre : Boudin
La date : 1874
Le mouvement : preImpressionisme
La location :
Taille :
Autres choses :
2. Eugène Boudin, Rivage de Portrieux (Côtes-du-Nord), 1874, huile sur toile, 85 x 148, Grande-Bretagne, collection particulière.
• Influencé les Impressionisme
Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute
500 BC, Near East, Persepolis
Hieratic Scale/Hierarchical Perspective
The use of different sizes to indicate importance.
Menkaure and his Wife, Egyptian, c. 2500 BCE
Egyptian, Dynasty IV. Graywacke.
Menkaure and his Wife
Leonardo da Vinci
Artist who did The Last Supper, Mona Lisa and Virgin and Child with Saint Anne and Saint John
John Sloan, The Hairdresser's Window, 1907
-Depicts women not right during action, but not background items either
-Leisure like paintings
-Wife was suffragette
-Wanted them to be appreciated not objects
Daguerre, Still Life, 1837
still life is group of static images, photography was questioned
Jacques-Louis David's The Oath of the Horatii communicates the occurrence of nationalist fervor.
Giving everything for your city, including your life.
Compare and contrast Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa with Raphael's Maddalena Strozzi. Discuss subject matter, techniques and composition.
The similarities of both pieces is in the pose that is in 3 quarters. The Mona Lisa is painted with the use of sfumato, chiaroscuro. The tonal value in lights and dark's is prominent. The Mona Lisa has no jewelry, but she has an expression on her face while Maddalena Strozzi has jewelry and no expression on her face. Maddalena Strozzi portrait has much more color and less tonal value, although the use of chiaroscuro is present in this piece it is very minimal. One other thing was that Maddalena Strozzi was made for her specifically and the Mona Lisa was never delivered.
Stonebreakers (1849)
The Swing
Fragonard 1775
A step pyramid.
De Kooning
Woman I (1950-52)
christ as pantokrater
1100ce, mosaic
Glorification of St. Ignatius" 1691-94, di sotto in su (Italian Baroque church ceiling)
Casa Mila
Gaudi. Barcelona, Spain.
Surrealist Style
Undulating building surface creates wave action.
Creates a rippling, natural movement across the building, makes the viewers eye move with curves.
site in virginia where cornwallis surrendered to washington
Rubens "The Three Graces" - "full-figured" woman known as the Rubenesque
corinthian, doric, ionic - arch systems used by greeks and romans to decorate and define the post and lintel systems of construction
the appointment of relatives to important positions
the measuring scale of historical time- must be ensured to infer stylistic development correctly.
Conceptual Perspective
Highlights basic important features to easily convey a clear logical view (may not actually look like what it)
Frank Lloyd Wright, 1937, Bear Run, PA
Hieratic Scale
An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.
the uppermost course of the platform of a classical temple, which supports the columns.
Art Deco
popularization of Art Nouveau and Modernism for the masses, works with industry for new materials
An ancient Greek vessel for mixing wine and water, with many subtypes that each have a distinctive shape
abolition movement
19th century movement that sought an end to slavery
La Pia de' Tolomei
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1868-69, Pre-Raphaelite
Baptistry of San Giovanni
domed and octagonal...impressive size; triple arches; 1060-1150; Florence, Italy
the central area of an ancient Roman basilica or of a church.
4-22 Funerary Mask
Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600-1500. beaten gold.
Aegean Art
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
alien and sedition acts
law that allowed government to imprison anyone who spoke out against them, caused trouble between the political parties
Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
by Polykleitos of Argos; known through numerous Roman copies; "contrapposto" position=counterpoise...engaged leg and a free leg;came to be known as kanon; 450-440 BCE
5-40 Polykleitos, Doryphoros
aka Spear Bearer, roman marble copy from Pompeii, Italy, after a bronce original of ca. 450-440 bce.
High Classical Art
Thomas Mifflin and Sarah Morris
John Singleton Copley, 1773, Colonial Period
strict profile
The only view in which the head, body, tail and all four legs can be seen. (Animal paintings during Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic were done in strict profile)
1-5 Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf)
ca. 28,000-25,000 bce from Willendorf, Austria
Prehistoric Art (Paleolithic)
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